Junior Naval Lord

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Office of the Junior Naval Lord
Board of Admiralty Flag 19th to early 20th Century.gif
Board of Admiralty Flag 19th to early 20th Century
Department of Admiralty
Member ofBoard of Admiralty
Reports toFirst Naval Lord
AppointerFirst Lord of the Admiralty
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed (typically 3–4 years)
FormationFourth Naval Lord
Junior Naval Lord
Fourth Sea Lord
First holderRear Admiral, Lord John Hay

The Junior Naval Lord originally called the Fourth Naval Lord was a member of the British Board of Admiralty, as the supervising Naval Lord for Transport, Medical and Victualling Services, with the regulation of hospitals and hospital ships.[1] The office was established in 1868 when the office of Fourth Naval Lord was renamed. The office existed till 1904 when it was renamed Fourth Sea Lord.


The Junior Naval Lord was a member of the Board of Admiralty as the supervising Naval Lord for Transport, Medical and Victualling Services, with the regulation of hospitals and hospital ships.[2] He is also responsible for every detail of the arrangements for coaling the fleet, and thus has a most important work in regard to the efficient employment of the Navy.[3] His duties necessarily bring him into constant personal communication with the First Naval Lord.[4] He has to do with the appointment of chaplains and naval instructors, medical officers (except as otherwise provided), and of paymasters, assistant paymasters, clerks, assistant clerks, and ships' carpenters. The Junior Naval Lord is also in charge of a vast array of work in regard to writers and ships' stewards, assistants, boys, and nursing staff; full and half pay, table moneys, and compensations and allowances to the fleet; uniforms; the debts of officers and men; ships' libraries, prize money and bounties; deserters' effects, salvage, naval savings banks, and the freight on conveyance of treasure; and also pensions to seamen and marines and widows of naval and marine officers.[5]

Office Holders


Departments under this Office

Admiralty Departments under this office from 1865 to 1903 were:[7]

  1. Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy, (1832-1932), in regard to certain allowances, table money, etc.
  2. Department of the Comptroller of Victualling and Transport Services, (1832-1869)
  3. Department of the Director, Naval Stores, (1869-1966), as regards coals for the fleet.
  4. Department of the Director of Transports, (1862-1903).
  5. Medical Department of the Navy, (1844-1917).
  6. Naval Intelligence Department as regards mobilisation matters affecting his departments.
  7. Office of the Chaplain of the Fleet, as regards chaplains and naval instructors.
  8. Transport Department, (1862-1917).
  9. Royal Naval Coaling Station, (1870-1914).
  10. Victualling Department (1870-1970).


  1. Hamilton, Sir Richard Vesey (1896). Naval administration; the constitution, character, and functions of the Board of admiralty, and of the civil departments it directs. London: George Bell and Sons. p. 57.
  2. Hamilton. pp.53–54.
  3. Hamilton. pp.53–54.
  4. Hamilton. pp.53–54.
  5. Hamilton. pp.53–54.
  6. Mackie, Colin (April 2019). "Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865" (PDF). gulabin.com. C. Mackie. p. 11. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  7. Hamilton. page.57.