John de Botetourt, 1st Baron Botetourt

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Admiral
Sir John de Botetourt
Born1265
England
Died25 November 1324
England
AllegianceRoyal Arms of England.png Kingdom of England
Service/branchFlag Kingdom of England.gif English Navy
Years of service1291-1324
RankAdmiral
UnitNorthern Fleet
Commands heldGovernor of St Briavels Castle
Governor of Framlingham Castle
Admiral of the North
Battles/warsBattle of Boroughbridge

Admiral Sir John de Botetourt, (1265–1324), was an English Baron and military commander who served as Admiral of the North from 1294 to 1306 and again in 1315. He was appointed Governor of St Briavels Castle in 1291 and Governor of Birmingham Castle.

Career

He was appointed Governor of St Briavels Castle in 1291. In 1294 he was appointed Admiral of the North administering the Northern Admiralty until 1297. [1] In 1294 he commanded the fleet supplied by Yarmouth and the neighbouring coast, and the next year burnt Cherbourg. In 1304 he received a commission under the great seal to hear and determine the causes of a violent quarrel between the mayor and burgesses of Bristol and Lord Thomas of Berkeley and his son Maurice. He was the warden of the Forest of Dean. He fought in the expeditions of King Edward I to Gascony, Scotland and during the Wars of Scottish Independence. On 13 July 1305 he was created 1st Lord Botetourt.

He was summoned to parliament from 1305 to 1324. He joined Guy Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, in carrying off Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall from the custody of the Earl of Pembroke, and, in common with the other nobles concerned in the death of the favourite, made his peace with the king in 1313. He was appointed the Governor of Framlingham Castle in 1314. In 1315 he was reappointed again as Admiral of the Northern Fleet . John participated in the Battle of Boroughbridge on 16 March 1322, on the side of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster's rebels. He was then fined £1,000 and pardoned on 8 October 1322 for his part in the rebellion. He died on 25 November 1324, and his grandson John succeeded him as Baron Botetourt, as his son Thomas had predeceased him.

Personal

John was born the illegitimate son of Edward Plantagenet King of England circa 1265. He married Matilda fitz Thomas, daughter of Sir Thomas fitz Otes and Beatrice de Beauchamp.

Footnotes

  1. Houbraken, Jacobus; Thoyras, Paul de Rapin; Vertue, George (1747). The History of England, A List of Admirals of England, 1228-1745. J. and P. Knapton. p. 270.