John Clere

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Vice–Admiral
Sir John Clere
Born1511
Ormesby, Norfolk, England
Died1557
Orkney, Scotland
AllegianceFlag Kingdom of England.gif
Kingdom of England
Service/branchTudor Ensign 1485-1603.svg
Navy Royal
Years of service1542–1557
Commands heldHMS Peter Longanarde
HMS Swepestake
North Sea Squadron
Treasurer of the English Army
Channel Squadron
Vice-Admiral of England

Vice-Admiral of England Sir John Clere (1511 – 21 August 1557), was an English knight, politician and military commander who served as Vice-Admiral in the North Sea from 1548 to 1550, then Treasurer of the English Army from 1549 to 1550 and Vice-Admiral in the Channel from 1550 to 1552 and as an MP from 1542 until 1555 and finally Vice-Admiral of England from 1557 to 1558.

Military Career

He served in the Navy Royal as Captain and commanding officer of the ships HMS Peter Longanarde in (1545) and HMS Swepestake in (1546). In 1548 he was appointed Vice-Admiral in the North Sea commanding the North Sea Squadron. He served in France as Treasurer of the English Army stationed there from November 1549 to April 1550. In May 1550 he was appointed Vice-Admiral in the Channel commanding the Channel Squadron. In 1556 he was appointed Vice-Admiral at Portsmouth. His first mission was to escort the abdicated Emperor Charles V to retirement in Spain, receiving a golden chain from him. His second assignment was to command an English naval expedition against Scotland; he was drowned in August 1557 in battle with a Scots fleet in the Orkney Islands.[1] According to the report of John Southerne, captain of the Gabriel, Clere burnt Kirkwall town on 11 August and on next day entered the Cathedral and brought six cannon on shore to batter the castle. On Friday 13 the force on shore attempting to take the Bishop's Palace was beaten back to sea by 3000 islanders, and 97 men including Clere were drowned.[2]

Political Career

He was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Bramber 1542 and 1545, Thetford March 1553 and Norfolk 1555.[1]

Family

He was eldest surviving son of Sir Robert Clere of Ormesby, and his second wife Alice, daughter of Sir William Boleyn, of Blickling Hall, Norfolk. He had succeeded to his father's estates in 1529 and in 1538 he came into possession of about 20 manors, mostly on the Norfolk coast, following his mother's death.[1] He married, by 1531, Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Tyrrell of Gipping, Suffolk, with whom he had three sons and two daughters.[1] He was knighted in 1539.[1] His third and first surviving son, Edward Clere, also became an MP and led an illustrious career.[3]

Military Appointments

# Offices Held Term Ref
1. Captain of HMS Peter Longanarde 1545
2. Captain of HMS Swepestake 1546
3. Vice-Admiral in the North Sea 1548–1550
3. Treasurer of the English Army 1549–1550
4. Vice-Admiral in the Channel 1550-1552
5. Vice-Admiral of England 1557–1558

Civil Appointments

# Offices Held Term Ref
1. Member of Parliament (MP) for Bramber 1542, 1545
2. Member of Parliament (MP) for Thetford March 1553
3. Member of Parliament (MP) for Norfolk 1555

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "CLERE, Sir John (?1511-57), of London, Norwich and Ormesby, Norf. - History of Parliament Online". Historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  2. John Strype, Ecclesiastical Memorials, vol. 3 part II (London, 1822), pp. 86-7, quoting Lambeth Talbot MS. 3195 (Volume D), f.114, 'Examination of John Southerne.
  3. "CLERE, Edward (1536-1606), of Ormesby, Norf. - History of Parliament Online". Historyofparliamentonline.org. Retrieved 19 May 2020.