James Robert George Graham, 2nd Baronet

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Sir James Robert George Graham
2nd Bt.
Sir James Graham 2nd Baronet.png
Style:The Right Honourable
Post Nominals:G.C.B. P.C. Bt.
Country:United Kingdom
Post:First Lord of the Admiralty
Term:22 November 1830 – 7 June 1834
Post:Home Secretary
Term:6 September 1841 – 30 June 1846
Post:First Lord of the Admiralty
Term:30 December 1852 – 13 March 1855
Born:1 June 1792
Naworth, Cumberland
Died:25 October 1861 (aged 69)
Netherby, Cumberland

The Rt Hon.. Sir James Robert George Graham, 2nd Baronet GCB PC (1 June 1792 – 25 October 1861) was a British statesman who went on to serve twice as First Lord of the Admiralty from 1830 to 1834 and again from 1852 to 1855. He also served as Home Secretary from 1841 to 1846.

Political Career

Graham was a member of the House of Commons from 1826 until his death. He was originally an advanced liberal member of the Whig Party, and he helped draft the first British electoral reform bill (1832). As first lord of the Admiralty (1830–34) in the 2nd Earl Grey’s ministry, he reformed (1832) the administration of the Royal Navy. His radicalism quickly waned during this period, however, and in 1835 he left the Whigs and soon emerged as Peel’s most valuable lieutenant in the Commons. As home secretary in Peel’s second ministry (1841–46), he supported the repeal of the Corn Laws (tariffs on imported grain).[1]

When Peel died in 1850, Graham became the leading Peelite in the Commons and helped promote the Whig-Peelite coalition government (1852–55) of the 4th Earl of Aberdeen, in which Graham once more served as first lord of the Admiralty. He resigned in 1855 shortly after the formation of the 3rd Viscount Palmerston’s first ministry.[2]

Graham was an able administrator and a highly influential adviser to both Peel and such younger politicians as William Gladstone, but his somewhat unattractive personal character hindered him from attaining the success his abilities merited.[3]


  1. "Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet | British politician". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  2. Encyclopedia Britannica
  3. Encyclopedia Britannica


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