Irish Fleet

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Irish Fleet or Irish Sea Fleet
Animated-Flag-England.gif
Active1297 - 1415
AllegianceKingdom of England
BranchNavy Royal
TypeDetached Fleet
RoleConvoy Protection, Transportation, Patrol
Garrison/HQMilford Haven (Harbour), Wales

The Irish Fleet also known as Irish Sea Fleet or formally the Kings Fleet in Ireland was a series of temporary naval formations assembled for specific military campaigns of the Navy Royal from 1297 to 1415.

History

The Irish Fleet was a series of temporary formations assembled for particular naval campaigns of various English Monarch's from the thirteenth to seventeenth century. The formation was commanded by senior officers who's title changed a number of times during its existence. In 1298 the first Admiral appointed by a state document issued by Edward I of England was Sir William de Leybourne who was titled as Admiral of the Irish Sea he was given responsibility to command all English ships operating in the Irish Sea.[1]

In the fourteenth century the fleet was formed on four occasions. In 1356 during the reign of Edward III it was assembled for the protection of troop convoy ships that were being attacked by the Royal Scottish Navy.[2] In 1382 during Richard II of England first expedition to Ireland it was formed under the command of Sir William Spalding. At the start Richards's second expedition to Ireland it was reformed again in 1397 under the command of Sir John Beaufort. In January 1399 it was assembled once more under the command of Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester until September 1399.

From the thirteenth until beginning of the fifteenth century the English Navy was divided into subsidiary fleets of which the Irish Fleet was a part of it along with the Western Fleet, the Northern Fleet and the Aquitaine Fleet each of these fleets had their own independent commanders. In 1406 these fleets came under the unified command of the High Admiral of England.[3] In the Tudor period the squadron was established again during Anglo-Scottish Wars (1539-1545).

The fleets operating base for the majority of its existence was from Milford Haven, Wales for operations in the Irish Sea and off the Coast of Ireland.]. Its repair and resupply bases in Ireland included Kinsale Dockyard in County Cork.

In command

Note:Incomplete list of post holders include.

No. rank name date/s appointed as ref
1. Admiral Sir William de Leybourne 1297-1298 Admiral of the Irish Sea and Admiral of the West [4]
2. Admiral Sir Gervase Alard 1304-1305 Admiral of the Irish Sea [5]
3. Admiral John of Argyll 1311-1312 Admiral of the Irish Sea [6]
4. Admiral John of Argyll 1313-1314 Admiral of the Irish Sea [7]
5. Admiral Sir William Cray 1315-1316 Admiral of the Irish Sea [8]
6. Admiral Sir John Athy 1318-1319 Admiral of the Irish Sea [9]
7. Admiral Sir Simon Driby 1319-1320 Admiral of the Irish Sea [10]
8. Admiral Sir Robert Leyburn 1322-1323 Admiral of the Irish Sea [11]
9. Admiral Robert Bataill 1323-1324 Admiral of the Irish Sea [12]
10. Admirals Sir Robert Bendyn and Stephen Alard 1324-1325 Admiral of the Irish Sea (jointly) [13]
11. Admiral Sir Robert Leyburn 1326-1327 Admiral of the Irish Sea [14]
12. Admirals Sir Richard Holland 1335-1336 Admiral of the Irish Sea [15]
12. Admiral Sir John Athy 1336-1337 Admiral of the Kings Fleet in Ireland [16]
13. Admiral Robert Drouss, of Cork 1356-1357 Admiral of the Irish Fleet [17]
14. Admiral Sir William Spalding 1382-1383 Admiral of the Kings Fleet in Ireland [18]
15. Admiral Sir Sir John de Roches 1389-1391 Admiral of the Irish Sea [19]
16. Admiral Sir John Beaufort 1397-1398 Admiral of the Irish Fleet [20]
17. Admiral Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester 1399-1400 Admiral of the Kings Fleet in Ireland [21]
18. Admiral Sir James Dartasoo 1404-1405 Admiral of the Kings Fleet in Ireland [22]
19. Admiral Sir Patrick Cotterell 1414-1415 Admiral of the Kings Fleet in Ireland [23]

Footnote

  1. Gardiner, Leslie (March 1968). The British Admiralty. Edinburgh, Scotland: Blackwood. p. 20. ISBN 9780851580012.
  2. Clowes, Sir William Laird (1897). The Royal Navy, a History from the Earliest Times to the Present (I ed.). London: Sampson Low Marston and Company. p. 275.
  3. Fortescue. p.238.
  4. Godolphin, John (1661). Synēgoros thalassios, A view of the admiral jurisdiction wherein the most material points concerning that jurisdiction are fairly and submissively discussed : as also divers of the laws, customes, rights, and priviledges of the high admiralty of England by ancient records, and other arguments of law asserted : whereunto is added by way of appendix an extract of the ancient laws of Oleron / by John Godolphin ... University of Michigan, An Arbour, MI, USA: W. Godbid for Edmund Paxton and John Sherley. pp. 197–207.
  5. Rodger, N.A.M. (1997). "Appendix V Admirals and Officials". The safeguard of the sea : a naval history of Britain. Vol 1., 660-1649. London, England: Penguin. pp. 504–509. ISBN 9780140297249.
  6. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  7. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  8. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  9. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  10. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  11. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  12. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  13. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  14. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  15. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  16. Townsend, George Henry (1877). The Manual of Dates: A Dictionary of Reference to All the Most Important Events in the History of Mankind to be Found in Authentic Records. London, England: Frederick Warne. p. 16.
  17. Nicolas, Sir Nicholas Harris (1847). A History of the Royal Navy: 1327-1422. London: R. Bentley. pp. 524–534.
  18. Townsend, George Henry (1877). The Manual of Dates: A Dictionary of Reference to All the Most Important Events in the History of Mankind to be Found in Authentic Records. London, England: Frederick Warne. p. 16.
  19. Rodger pp. 504-509.
  20. Michael K. Jones and Malcolm G. Underwood, The King's Mother: Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby', 23.
  21. Harris pp.524-534.
  22. Harris pp.524-534.
  23. Harris pp.524-534.

Bibliography

  1. Clark, New Jersey, USA: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 9781886363793.
  2. Clowes, Sir William Laird (1897). The Royal Navy, a History from the Earliest Times to the Present (I ed.). London: Sampson Low Marston and Company.
  3. Corbett, Julian Stafford (1917). "The Navy of Elizabeth". Drake and the Tudor navy, with a history of the rise of England as a maritime power. London, England: London : Longmans, Green.
  4. Davies, J. D. (2008). "Convoys, Cruisers and Station Ships". Pepys Navy, Ships, Men and Warfare 1649 to 1689. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781848320147
  5. Fortescue, Sir John; Plummer, Charles (1999). The Governance of England, Otherwise Called, The Difference Between an Absolute and a Limited Monarchy.
  6. Godolphin, John (1661). Synēgoros thalassios, A view of the admiral jurisdiction wherein the most material points concerning that jurisdiction are fairly and submissively discussed : as also divers of the laws, customes, rights, and privileges of the high admiralty of England by ancient records, and other arguments of law asserted : whereunto is added by way of appendix an extract of the ancient laws of Oleron / by John Godolphin ... University of Michigan, An Arbour, MI, USA: W. Godbid for Edmund Paxton and John Sherley.
  7. Harris, Sir Nicholas. (1847). A History of the Royal Navy: 1327-1422. London: R. Bentley
  8. Joyce, Patrick Weston (1910). "The Geraldine Rebellion - Concise History of Ireland". www.libraryireland.com. National Library of Ireland.
  9. KEYMER, E. W.L.; REED, ADRIAN; GRAINGER, J. D.; WELCH, JOHN C.; LEE, C. D.; OWEN, HUGH (January 1996). "NOTES:Richard Swanley (c 1592-1650), Admiral of the Fleet on the Irish Coast". The Mariner's Mirror. 82 (4): 461–476. doi:10.1080/00253359.1996.10656619.
  10. Laughton, John Knox. "Swanley Richard". Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900. Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 55.
  11. Le Fevre, Peter (January 1982). "SIR GEORGE AYSCUE, COMMONWEALTH AND RESTORATION ADMIRAL". The Mariner's Mirror. 68 (2): 189–202. doi:10.1080/00253359.1982.10655858.
  12. Lenihan, Pádraig (2000). Conquest and Resistance: War in Seventeenth-Century Ireland. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill Publishing. ISBN 9789004117433.
  13. Lundy, Darryl (19 September 2018). "Person Page: James Butler, 9th Earl of Ormonde". www.thepeerage.com. The Peerage. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  14. Manganiello, Stephen C. (2004). "Appendix:The Navy". The Concise Encyclopedia of the Revolutions and Wars of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1639-1660. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810851009.
  15. Meredith, Jon (2009). "THE ENGLISH NAVY IN AN IRISH WAR: CAPTAIN GEORGE ROOKE'S SQUADRON AND THE JACOBITE WAR IN IRELAND, SUMMER 1689". The Mariner's Mirror. 95 (2): 179–193. doi:10.1080/00253359.2009.10657095.
  16. Michael K. Jones and Malcolm G. Underwood, The King's Mother: Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby', 23.
  17. Murphy, Elaine (2012). Ireland and the War at Sea, 1641-1653. Woodbridge, England: Boydell & Brewer Ltd. ISBN 9780861933181.
  18. Rodger, N.A.M. (2006). "Appendix III: Fleets". The command of the ocean : a naval history of Britain 1649-1815 (1st ed.). London, England: Penguin. ISBN 9780141026909.
  19. Rodger, N.A.M. (1997). "Appendix V Admirals and Officials". The safeguard of the sea : a naval history of Britain. Vol 1., 660-1649. London, England: Penguin. ISBN 9780140297249.
  20. Townsend, George Henry (1877). The Manual of Dates: A Dictionary of Reference to All the Most Important Events in the History of Mankind to be Found in Authentic Records. London, England: Frederick Warne.
  21. Yonge, Charles Duke (1863). The History of the British Navy: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time. London, England: Richard Bentley.