|Country||Republic of India|
|Allegiance||Republic of India|
|Branch||Indian Armed Forces|
|In Command||Commander-in-Chief, Indian Navy (1950-1955)|
Chief of Naval Staff (India) (1955-current)
The history of the Indian Navy can be traced back to 1612 when Captain Best encountered and defeated the Portuguese. This encounter, as also the trouble caused by the pirates, forced the British East India Company to maintain a small fleet at Swally, near Surat (Gujarat). The First Squadron of fighting ships arrived on 5 September 1612 establishing the East India Company's Marine. In 1686 the East India Company's Marine was named the Bombay Marine In 1829 the Bombay Marine was renamed the Bombay Marine Corps In 1830 the corps became Indian Navy , the name was changed again, HM's Indian Navy in 1858, In 1863 HM's Indian Navy became the Bombay and Bengal Marine, In 1871 the former marine force was renamed to the Indian Defence Force briefly until 1877), when the name was changed to HM's Indian Marine. In 1892 the Indian Marine became Royal Indian Marine. It was finally named the Royal Indian Navy in 1934. Following Indian independence in 1947 the Royal Indian Navy continued until 26 January 1950 with the Dominion of India was constituted as a Republic and the word Royal was dropped becoming the Indian Navy.
In 2010, the Indian Navy had 58,350 personnel, around 170 ships and 180 aircraft. It is the world's fourth largest navy in terms of personnel. Currently, the Indian Navy has one aircraft carrier. Two more are being built and will enter service by 2012 and 2015. The carrier that the Indian Navy currently uses is called INS Viraat. INS Viraat was bought by India from the United Kingdom in 1986.