Hong Kong

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HM Naval Base, Hong Kong
HMS Tamar
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1842-1997
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeNaval Base
Rolesubcommand
Part ofEast Indies and China Station (1842-1865)
China Station (1865-1941)
Far East Station (1946-1962)
Far East Fleet (1962-1971)
British Forces Overseas Hong Kong (1971-1997)
Garrison/HQRN Base, Hong Kong
Colony of Hong Kong
Commanders
FirstCaptain Matthew S. Nolloth.
LastCaptain Andrew K. Steele.

Hong Kong [1] was a base and naval command of the British Royal Navy established in 1842 it consisted of naval formations attached to the station who were in turn provided with logistical support from shore establishments. It was deactivated in 1997 following the return of Hong Kong to the Peoples Republic of China.

Command of the station was usually vested in a Commodore initially titled as Senior Naval Officer, Hong Kong then later called Captain-in-Charge, Hong Kong.

History

Hong Kong was a base and naval command as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its world-wide responsibilities. Among the first buildings to be constructed on the Hong Kong Island in 1841, were naval and military hospitals, on the site which later became Wellington Barracks, just east of the naval yard. The first Royal Navy Hospital at Wanchai, in use from 1873 to 1941. Between 1941 and 1945 Hong Kong was under Japanese occupation. The station was a subcommand of the East Indies and China Station from 1831 to 1865 then the China Station from 1865 to 1941, the Far East Station from 1946 to 1962 then the Far East Fleet 1962 to 1971 and finally British Forces Overseas Hong Kong until 1997.

Naval HQ

Assorted Royal Navy/Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessels at HMS Tamar, Hong Kong Naval Base. Hong Kong. 1968.

Commodore-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1861-1891

Included:[2]

  1. Captain Matthew S. Nolloth, 16 July, 1861 –21 March, 1866
  2. Commodore, Second Class Oliver J. Jones, 21 March, 1866 – 13 September, 1870
  3. Commodore, Second Class Francis H. Shortt, 13 September, 1870 – August 1873
  4. Commodore, Second Class John E. Parish, August 1873 – 1 March 1876
  5. Commodore, Second Class George W. Watson, 1 March, 1876 – 2 May, 1881
  6. Commodore, Second Class William H. Cuming, 2 May, 1881 – 12 February, 1884
  7. Commodore, Second Class George D. Morant, 12 February, 1884 – 12 February, 1887
  8. Commodore, Second Class William H. Maxwell, 12 February, 1887
  9. Commodore, Second Class Edmund J. Church, 27 December, 1888 – 1891

Rear-Admiral-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1891-1893)

  1. Rear-Admiral Henry St. L. Bury Palliser, 29 December, 1891 – 31 August, 1893

Commodore-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1893-1896)

Included:[3]

  1. Commodore, Second Class George T. H. Boyes, 20 June, 1893 – 8 July, 1896

Rear-Admiral-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1896-1899)

  1. Rear-Admiral Swinton C. Holland, 8 July, 1896 – 7 March, 1899

Commodore-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1899-1902)

Included:[4]

  1. Commodore, Second Class Francis Powell, 5 January, 1899 – 10 February, 1902

Rear-Admiral-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1902-1904)

  1. Rear-Admiral Charles G. Robinson, 10 February, 1902 – 1 January, 1904

Commodore-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1904-1907)

Included:[5]

  1. Commodore, Second Class Charles G. Dicken, 1 January, 1904 – 11 November, 1905
  2. Commodore, Second Class Hugh P. Williams, 17 July, 1905 – 5 March, 1907

Rear-Admiral-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1907-1908)

  1. Rear-Admiral Robert H. S. Stokes, 5 March, 1907 – 18 August, 1908

Commodore-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1908-1912)

Included:[6]

  1. Commodore, Second Class Herbert Lyon, 18 August, 1908 – 19 August, 1910
  2. Commodore, Second Class Cresswell J. Eyres, 14 April, 1910 – 26 April, 1912

Rear-Admiral-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1912-1916)

  1. Rear-Admiral Robert H. Anstruther, 26 April, 1912 – 18 May, 1916

Commodore-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1916-1939)

Included:[7]

  1. Commodore Second Class Henry G. G. Sandeman, 18 May, 1916 – 4 March, 1918
  2. Commodore, Second Class Victor G. Gurner, 4 Mar, 1918 – 1 April, 1920
  3. Commodore, Second Class William Bowden-Smith, 1 April, 1920 – 20 April, 1922
  4. Commodore, Second Class Henry E. Grace, 28 April, 1922 – 15 October, 1924
  5. Commodore, Second Class Anselan J. B. Stirling, 15 October, 1924 – December, 1926
  6. Commodore, Second Class John L. Pearson, 22 October, 1926 – December, 1928
  7. Captain Richard A. S. Hill, December, 1928 – 8 November, 1930
  8. Commodore, Second Class Arthur T. Walker, October, 1930 – August, 1932
  9. Commodore, Second Class Edward McC. W. Lawrie, 8 July, 1932 – 5 May, 1933
  10. Commodore, Second Class Hugh R. Marrack, 5 May, 1933 – 14 July, 1933
  11. Commodore, Second Class Frank Elliott, 14 July, 1933 – April, 1935
  12. Commodore, Second Class Cyril Gordon Sedgwick, 2 March, 1935 – 3 April, 1937
  13. Commodore Second Class Edward B. C. Dicken, 3 April, 1937 – April, 1939

Commodore-in-Charge, Naval Establishments, Hong Kong (1939-1940)

  1. Commodore, Second Class Arthur M. Peters, April, 1939 – November, 1940.[8]
  2. Commodore, Second Class Alfred Creighton Collinson, November, 1940 – November, 1941.[9]

Commodore-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1945-1975)

Included:[10][11]

  1. Commodore Second Class Douglas Henry Everett: August 1945-June 1947
  2. Captain Charles Livingston Robertson: June 1947-June 1949 (also Cdre-Supt, HM Dockyard Hong Kong).[12]
  3. Commodore Second Class Leslie Newton Brownfield: June 1949-July 1951, (ditto).[13]
  4. Commodore Second Class Harold Godfrey. Dickinson: July 1951-July 1953. (also Cdre-Supt, Hong Kong).[14]
  5. Captain Anthony H. Thorold: July 1953-June 1955, (also Cdre-Supt, Hong Kong).
  6. Commodore John Harold Unwin: June 1955-March 1957.[15]
  7. Commodore G. David A. Gregory: March 1957-April 1960
  8. Commodore Adrian R.L. Butler: April 1960-October 1962
  9. Commodore George O.Symonds: November 1962-February 1965
  10. Commodore Frank D. Holford: February 1965-January 1967
  11. Commodore Thomas H.P. Wilson: January 1967-October 1968
  12. Commodore Philip R.C. Higham: October 1968-July 1970
  13. Commodore Roger E.S. Wykes-Sneyd: July 1970-August 1972
  14. Commodore John K. Stevens: August 1972-August 1973
  15. Commodore John A.G. Evans: August 1973-October 1975

Captain-in-Charge, Hong Kong (1975-1996)

Included:[16]

  1. Captain Richard L. Garnons-Williams: October 1975-March 1978
  2. Captain Robert W. Moland: March 1978-June 1980
  3. Captain Andrew A. Waugh: June 1980-June 1982
  4. Captain Frederick A. Collins: June 1982-March 1985
  5. Captain Christopher W. Gotto: March 1985-July 1987
  6. Captain Peter Dalrymple-Smith: July 1987-January 1990
  7. Captain Michael C. Gordon Lennox: January 1990 – 1992
  8. Captain Thomas L.M. Sunter: 1992-1994
  9. Captain Peter J. Melson: 1994-1995
  10. Captain Andrew K. Steele: 1995-1996

Components

At various times it encompassed naval formations and other ships not attached to other fleets. In addition to shore establishments including, barracks, dockyards, depots, hospitals, refitting and re-supply bases, naval bases or victualling yards. Those components that were part of this station are shown below.

Naval Formations

Unit From To Ref
5th Cruiser Squadron 1948 1960
8th Destroyer Flotilla 1925 1939
21st Destroyer Flotilla 1939 1941
6th Patrol Craft Squadron 1970 1997
6th Mine Countermeasure Squadron 1969 1997
4th Submarine Flotilla 1969 1997
Hong Kong Squadron 1969 1971

Naval Establishments

Shore Establishments From To Ref
Hong Kong Naval Yard 1859 1997
Kowloon Naval Yard 1858 1959
Royal Naval Hospital, Hong Kong 1949 1959
Royal Naval Hospital, Wanchai 1873 1941

References

  1. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (18 December 2019). "Hong Kong - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. England: Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  2. Mackie, Colin. (January 2020).Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865. Fleets and Overseas Stations. pp.128-193..
  3. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (18 December 2019). "Hong Kong - The Dreadnought Project.
  4. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (18 December 2019). "Hong Kong - The Dreadnought Project.
  5. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (18 December 2019). "Hong Kong - The Dreadnought Project.
  6. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (18 December 2019). "Hong Kong - The Dreadnought Project.
  7. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (18 December 2019). "Hong Kong - The Dreadnought Project.
  8. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - P - Peters, [Sir] Arthur Malcolm". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes.
  9. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - C - Collinson, Alfred Creighton". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and and Koppes. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  10. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (18 December 2019). "Hong Kong - The Dreadnought Project.
  11. Mackie, Colin. (January 2020).Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865. Fleets and Overseas Stations. pp.128-193..
  12. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - R - Robertson, Charles Livingston". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands.: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  13. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - B - Brownfield, Leslie Newton". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  14. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - D - Dickinson, Harold Godfrey". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  15. RN_officersU - UNWIN Harold John. www.unithistories.com. Houterman and Koppes. 2 March 2020. Netherlands}}
  16. Mackie, Colin. (January 2020).Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865. Fleets and Overseas Stations. pp.128-193..