Harwich

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HM Naval Base, Harwich
HMS Ganges (1923-1939) HMS Badger (1939-1946)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1340-1992
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Base
Part ofNore Station
R.N.BaseHarwich, England.

Harwich was an historical and important naval base and local command of the Royal Navy as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities.

History

During the Hundred Years' War, Harwich was an important assembly point for the Navy; in June 1340 King Edward III set sail for France from the mouth of the Orwell with a fleet of 200 ships, engaging the French fleet off the coast of Flanders in the Battle of Sluys. In 1405 a fort was built on the promontory at the north-easternmost part of the town. Over the following century the fort fell into disrepair, but during the Commonwealth period, the government took out a 99-year lease on the parcel of land on which the fort had stood in order to establish a naval dockyard there.

During the First World War a flotilla, the Harwich Force,light cruisers and destroyers under Commodore Tyrwhitt, and for British submarines was based at the port.[1] In November 1918 the German U-boat fleet surrendered to the Royal Navy in the harbour. During the Second World War parts of Harwich were again requisitioned for naval use as one of main East Coast minesweeping and destroyer bases located at HMS Badger a shore establishment until 1946. The Royal Naval Auxiliary Service maintained a headquarters on its site until 1992.

Naval HQ

Included:[2]

Senior Naval Officer, Harwich (1914-18)

  1. Commodore, Second Class George C. Cayley, 3 September, 1914 – 31 March, 1918
  2. Captain Cecil S. Hickley, 1 April, 1918 – 1 March, 1919 (and in charge of Shotley Training Establishment)
  3. Captain Cecil S. Hickley, 1 March, 1919 – 29 July, 1919
  4. Captain Herbert Algernon Adam, 15 August, 1919 – 31 December, 1919
  5. Captain Francis G. St. John, 1 January, 1920 – 1 March, 1921
  6. Captain Ernest Wigram, 1 March, 1921 – 1 March, 1923

Captain in Charge, Harwich (1923-29)

  1. Captain Robin C. Dalglish, 1 March, 1923 – 15 May, 1925 (and in command of Shotley Training Establishment)
  2. Captain Percy L. H. Noble, 15 May, 1925 – 2 May, 1927 (and in command of Shotley Training Establishment)
  3. Captain Wilbraham T. R. Ford, 2 May, 1927 – 8 May, 1929 (and in command of Shotley Training Establishment)

Flag Officer in Command, Harwich (1929-31)

  1. Rear-Admiral Francis M. Austin, 8 May, 1929 – 11 May, 1931 (and in command of Shotley Training Establishment)

Captain in Charge, Harwich (1931-38)

  1. Captain Everard J. Hardman-Jones, 11 May, 1931 – 23 February, 1933
  2. Captain Hugh H. Rogers, 23 February, 1933 – 23 August, 1935
  3. Captain Charles O. Alexander, 23 August, 1935 – 27 August, 1937
  4. Captain Eric R. Corson, 26 August, 1937 (and in command of Shotley Training Establishment)

Naval Officer in Charge, Harwich (1938)

  1. Captain (retired) Philip Hordern, 28 September, 1938 – 7 October, 1938

Flag Officer in Command, Harwich (1940-45)

  1. Rear-Admiral Francis H. W. Goolden, 22 May, 1940 – 22 July, 1940
  2. Rear-Admiral Francis H. W. Goolden, 20 January, 1941 – 18 March, 1942
  3. Rear-Admiral Hugh H. Rogers, 14 February, 1942 – 23 March, 1944
  4. Rear-Admiral Harold Tom Baillie-Grohman, (retd VAdm), 23 March, 1944 – 10 September, 1944.[3]
  5. Rear-Admiral Fischer Burges Watson, 10 September, 1944 - 31 July, 1945.[4]

Naval Officer in Charge, Harwich (1945-46)

  1. Captain Eric Reid Corson, 31 July, 1945 – 15 January, 1946.

References

  1. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (15 October 2018). "Harwich - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  2. Harley and Lovell.
  3. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945  --  B". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  4. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - W". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 11 March 2021.