HM Naval Service

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HM Naval Service
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1546-active
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchMinistry of Defence Tri Service Seal.png
British Armed Forces
TypeNaval Service
Sea Maritime Service
RoleNaval
expeditionary
amphibious warfare
Size180 Ships
Part ofBritish Armed Forces
Garrison/HQMinistry of Defence Whitehall
London, UK
Nickname(s)Senior Service
ComponentsRoyal Navy
Royal Marines
Naval Careers Service
Royal Fleet Auxiliary
Marine Services.
Commanders
Head of
HM Naval Service
First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
CurrentAdmiral
Tony Radakin
Joint-Deputy Head
of HM Naval Service
Second Sea Lord and Deputy Chief of Naval Staff
CurrentAdmiral: Vice-Admiral
Nicholas William Hine
Joint-Deputy Head
of HM Naval Service
Fleet Commander
CurrentVice-Admiral
Jerry Paul Kyd

HM Naval Service or formally His or Her Majesty's Naval Service, is the United Kingdom's primary naval warfare and maritime force as part of the British Armed Forces. It consists of five service, operational and support branches that includes the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines, the Naval Careers Service, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and Marine Services.

History

Her Majesty's Naval Service, also known as the Senior Service is the United Kingdom's naval warfare and maritime service. It consists of three components including the Royal Navy, Royal Marines and the Naval Careers Service. These are in turn supported by two other components the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and Serco Marine Services. The term Naval Service should be distinguished from the UK Naval Services, which consist of the HM Naval Service and the Merchant Navy. The Naval Service as a whole falls under the command of the Navy Board, which is headed by the First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff. This position is currently held by Admiral Sir Phillip Jones (appointed April 2016). The Defence Council delegates administration of the Naval Service to the Admiralty Board, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence. The Naval Service is dominated by the Royal Navy, and operates primarily from three bases in the United Kingdom where commissioned ships are based; Portsmouth, Clyde and Devonport, the last being the largest operational naval base in Western Europe. As of 2016, there are over 180 vessels in service with the various branches of the Naval Service and supporting organisations, including; 77 commissioned ships of the Royal Navy, 33 landing craft of the Royal Marines, 63 auxiliary vessels of Marine Services and 9 auxiliary ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. The total displacement of HM Naval Service and the Royal Fleet Auxiliary is approximately 826,300 tonnes.

Ministry of Defence Oversight

MOD Governance and oversight of HM Naval Service as part of the British Armed Forces is administered by the following:

  1. Defence Council
  2. Defence Board

Service Boards

The Admiralty Board is a sub committee of the British Defence Council, the Navy Board is a sub committee of the Admiralty Board responsible for the day to day administration of HM Naval Service.

  1. Admiralty Board
  2. Navy Board

Service Commands

Navy Command is one of three service commands of the Ministry of Defence. It is the current headquarters body of HM Naval Service, and its major organisational grouping. It is both a Military Command, that controls and directs by the First Sea Lord at the Ministry of Defence in London, through Navy Command Headquarters at Portsmouth the Fleet Commander and a Support Command through the Second Sea Lord and Deputy Chief of Naval Staff as a financial, and personnel organisational grouping.

  1. Navy Command

Senior Leadership

HM Naval Service Senior Leadership group is as follows:

  1. Secretary of State for Defence
  2. Minister of State for the Armed Forces
  3. First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
  4. Second Sea Lord and Deputy Chief of Naval Staff
  5. Fleet Commander
  6. Commandant General Royal Marines
  7. Commander, Allied Maritime Command
  8. Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces
  9. Warrant Officer of the Naval Service
  10. Corps Regimental Sergeant Major

Senior Officers Operational

  1. Commander Operations
  2. Commander UK Amphibious Forces
  3. Commandant General Royal Marines
  4. Commander UK Maritime Forces
  5. Rear-Admiral, Fleet Air Arm – head of the (Aviation Branch)
  6. Rear Admiral, Submarines
  7. Rear-Admiral, Surface Ships

Senior Officers Support

  1. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Aviation and Carriers)
  2. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Capability)
  3. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Personnel)
  4. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Policy)
  5. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Ships)
  6. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Submarines)
  7. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Support)
  8. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Training)
  9. Chaplain of the Fleet – head of the ([[Chaplaincy Branch]])
  10. Chief of Material (Fleet)
  11. Chief Naval Engineer Officer – head of the (Engineering Branch)
  12. Chief Naval Logistics Officer – head of the (Logistics Branch)
  13. Commodore, Naval Staff
  14. Commodore, Regional Forces
  15. Commodore Royal Fleet Auxiliary
  16. Controller of the Navy
  17. Flag Officer, Training and Recruitment
  18. Flag Officer, Reserves – head of (Royal Naval Reserve)
  19. Flag Officer, Scotland and Northern Ireland
  20. Flag Officer Sea Training
  21. Head of Royal Navy Communications
  22. Medical Director-General (Naval) – head of the (Medical Branch)
  23. Naval Secretary (Naval Secretariat)

Current Service Branches

The Naval Service is made up of five services that work in tandem with the branches.[1]

  1. Surface Fleet
  2. Submarine Service
  3. Fleet Air Arm
  4. Royal Marines
  5. Royal Fleet Auxiliary

Current Branches

HM Naval service has nine specialist branches, each performing a vital role.[2]

  1. Aviation Branch
  2. Executive Branch
  3. Engineering Branch
  4. Chaplaincy Branch
  5. Logistics Branch
  6. Royal Marines Band Service
  7. Royal Naval Reserve
  8. Warfare Branch
  9. Medical Branch
  10. Royal Marines Reserve

Former Services

  1. Fleet Reserve (c. 1700-1960)
  2. Naval Medical Service (1805-1917)
  3. Royal Corps of Naval Constructors (1883-1987)
  4. Royal Naval Auxiliary Service (1963-1994)
  5. Royal Naval Minewatching Service (1952-1962)
  6. Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (1903-1958)
  7. Women's Royal Naval Service (1917-1919, 1939-1993)

Former Branches

  1. Accountant Branch
  2. Artisan Branch
  3. Naval Instructor Branch
  4. Paymaster Branch
  5. Supply and Secretariat Branch
  6. Transport Branch

References

  1. "Royal Navy Careers: Explore the 5 Services of the Royal Navy". www.royalnavy.mod.uk. Ministry of Defence, Royal Navy. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  2. "Royal Navy: Explore Careers in the Nine Branches". www.royalnavy.mod.uk. Ministry of Defence, Royal Navy. Retrieved 14 January 2020.