Gunnery and Torpedo Division

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Gunnery and Torpedo Division
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active(1918-1920)
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeDivision
Part ofAdmiralty Naval Staff
(1918—1920)
Garrison/HQAdmiralty
Whitehall
London, Great Britain

The Gunnery and Torpedo Division [1] was the former directorate of the Admiralty Naval Staff responsible for weapons policy making, development and assessing weapon requirements [2] from June, 1918 until September, 1920.

History

The Gunnery and Torpedo Division was established on 27 June 1918 [3] it evolved out of the Directorate of Artillery and Torpedoes of the Naval Ordnance Department of the Admiralty and was staff division of the Admiralty Naval Staff department.

The division was responsible for devising and implementing general system of gunnery and torpedo exercises of the Fleet, in addition to the gunnery and torpedo training of all officers and men, whilst in liaison with the Director of Training. Among its other functions was the training of all personnel in the use of new or existing tactical weapons. It also had to anticipate and plan contingency for any changes in material, in order facilitate new training program's.[4] The division was also responsible for the formulation of requirements of technical gunnery training and for training in the use of gunnery weapons, smoke, gas and counter measures carried out at the training establishments.[5] It was also primarily responsible for assessing and advising on all naval weapons requirements.

It existed for only two years until April 1920 when it was split into two separate divisions a Gunnery Division and the other the Torpedo Division.

Director of Naval Artillery and Torpedoes

Included:[6]

Assistant Director of Naval Artillery and Torpedoes

Included:[7]

Directors duties

As of June 1918:[8]

  • Principles and methods of conducting Gunnery and Torpedo practices, including preparation of reports and returns on results, as directed from time to time.
  • The use of all Naval Ordnance & Torpedo materiel afloat and ashore, including the expenditure to be allowed for practice & the allowances of Service Ammunition of each type.
  • The general direction in which Naval Ordnance, torpedoes, and control equipments require to be developed, in regard to the employment of the weapons in War.
  • The most suitable gun and torpedo armament, and protection of all types of vessels & the types and numbers of each type of Projectiles to be carried.
  • The Gunnery and Torpedo training of all officers and men, and Gunnery and Torpedo Text-books connected therewith, in conjunction with the Director of Training, advising Second Sea Lord as necessary.
  • The D.N.A. & T. will be at liberty to communicate direct with Flag Officers on Gunnery and Torpedo questions of a nature which does not involve Board decision

References

  1. Brooks, John (2 August 2004). Dreadnought Gunnery and the Battle of Jutland: The Question of Fire Control. Routledge. p. 169. ISBN 9781135765545.
  2. Friedman, Norman (24 January 2011). British Cruisers: Two World Wars and After. Seaforth Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 9781848320789.
  3. Marder, Arthur J. (13 June 2014). From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: Volume V Victory and Aftermath January 1918-June 1919. Seaforth Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 9781848322035.
  4. Archives, The National. "Naval Staff Divisions - Part of "Instructions for Naval Staff". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives, 1917-1921 ADM 116/1803. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  5. Archives, The National. "Naval Staff Divisions - Part of "Instructions for Naval Staff". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives, 1917-1921 ADM 116/1803. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  6. Mackie, Colin (January 2020). "Royal Navy Senior Appointments" (PDF). gulabin.com. C. Mackie. p. 49. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  7. "British Military lists: Navy Lists,1913 to 1921, 1944-1945". The National Library of Scotland. p. 582. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  8. Archives, The National. "Naval Staff Divisions - Reorganisation, Enclosure to Office Memorandum No. 190 of 27 June, 1918". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1917-1921, ADM 116/1803. Retrieved 9 February 2020.