Great Officers of State of England

From Naval History Archive
(Redirected from Great Officers of State)
Jump to navigationJump to search
The Great Seal of Elizabeth I, 1586-1603 (SC 13/N3). Every monarch has an individual seal - a symbol of status and authority as Head of State. Courtesy of the National Archives of the United Kingdom ©

The Great Officers of State of England were traditional ministers of The Monarch of England who either inherit their positions or were appointed by the monarch they operated as members of the English Government.They formally in Royal Council of England that later evolved in to the Privy Council of England an executive committee of government. Historically they were so influential that their powers had to be resumed by the Crown or dissipated.[1]

Historical Overview

Government in all the medieval monarchies generally comprised the king's companions, later becoming the Royal Household, from which the officers of state arose, initially having household and government duties. Later some of these officers split into two, in the Great Officer of the State and in the Royal Household, or were superseded by new officers or absorbed by existing officers. Many of the officers became hereditary and thus removed from practical operation of either the state or the household.[2]

Great Officers of State of England

These ten great offices had their origin amongst the domestic positions in the household of the Norman kings. As the government of England developed and Parliament took on more of the functions of the Crown, some of these domestic positions became Offices of the State, while others, such as the Master of the Horse, remained as positions within the Royal Household.[3]

The Great Officers of State of England, in order of seniority, are:[4]

  1. Lord High Steward of England, (1154–1421).
  2. Lord High Chancellor of England, (1066–1707).
  3. Lord High Treasurer of England, (1126-1707).
  4. Lord President of the Council of England, (1530-1707).
  5. Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England, (1042-1707).
  6. Lord Privy Seal of England, (1307-1707).
  7. Lord Great Chamberlain of England, (1126-1707).
  8. Lord High Constable of England, (1139-1707)
  9. Marshal of England,(1130-1672, Earl Marshal of England, (1672-1707).
  10. High Admiral of England, (1360-1513), Lord Admiral of England, (1513-1610), Lord High Admiral of England, (1610-1707).

Members of

Included:[5]

  1. Royal Council of England, (1066-1215)
  2. Great Council of England, (1215-1485)
  3. Privy Council of England, (1485-1707)

Footnotes

  1. Archives, The National (2019). "Great Offices of State". www.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  2. National Archives UK
  3. National Archives UK
  4. National Archives UK
  5. National Archives UK

Bibliography

  1. Archives, The National (2019). "Great Offices of State". www.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 18 June 2019.

Attribution

Image of the Great Seal of Queen Elizabeth I is courtesy of the National Archives of the United Kingdom available under Open Government Licence OGL v.3.0. Source: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/resources/elizabeth-monarchy/the-great-seal-of-elizabeth-i/