Fleet Train (British Pacific Fleet)

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Fleet Train (British Pacific Fleet)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
ActiveOctober 1944
DisbandedOctober 1945
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeFleet Train
RoleSupport Command
Size79 ships (1944), 94 ships (1945)
Part ofBritish Pacific Fleet
Garrison/HQManus Island, Australia, then Hong Kong.
Commanders
FirstRear-Admiral, Douglas Fisher
LastRear-Admiral, Douglas Fisher

Fleet Train (British Pacific Fleet) was a specialist naval formation designated to provide logistical support to the (BPF). It was established in October, 1944, The Fleet Train initially consisted of 79 ships and rising to 94 Ships by September, 1945. Its primary role was to keep the fleet operating for weeks on end, thousands of miles from its base.[1] It was designated Task Force 117 (TF117) by the United States Navy as both American and British forces conducted joint operations in the Pacific war.[2]

The Fleet Train was under the command of the Rear-Admiral Fleet Train, British Pacific Fleet.

History

In other oceans, the Royal Navy had always made us of an extensive system of bases to provide its ships with logistical support. In September 1944 the then Chief of Naval Operations Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King expressed concerns that the U.S. Navy had insufficient logistical support to supply idea of a British Pacific Fleet, which must, therefore, be entirely self-sufficient.[3] The British Pacific Fleet's, Fleet Train was formed on 10 October, 1944.

It was a specialist logistical support formation consisting of 79 ships. The primary function of the fleet train was to keep the BPF operating for considerable length's of time at sea whilst thousands of miles from its base.[4] Vessels included Aircraft Repair Ships, Armament Store Carriers, Armament Store Issuing Ships, Destroyer Depot Ships, Hospital Ships, Naval Store Carrier Distilling Ships, Netlayers, Oilers, Repair Ships, Replenishment Carriers, Tugs and Victualling Store Issue Ships.[5] The Fleet Train was under the command of the Rear-Admiral Fleet Train, British Pacific Fleet. The Fleet Train itself was supported ashore from Melbourne by the Vice-Admiral Q or Vice-Admiral, Quartermaster, British Pacific Fleet.[6]

In early September, 1945 the Rear Admiral Fleet Train moved most of his units to Hong Kong, and their resources were used for rehabilitation as well as continuing to support the fleet on the China Coast and in Japan. on 14 September, 1945 the Rear Admiral Fleet Train was additionally appointed FO Western Area, British Pacific Fleet a new command set up to coordinate the movements of the B.P.F. on the China Coast.[7]

In Command

Rear-Admiral, Fleet Train, British Pacific Fleet

References

  1. Webmaster, NHSA (2 December 2005). "British Pacific Fleet 1944-46". Naval Historical Society of Australia. Naval Historical Society of Australia. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  2. Navy, Royal Australian. "The British Pacific Fleet". www.navy.gov.au. Navy Department Australia. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  3. Hobbs, David (1 January 2013). "The Royal Navy's Pacific Strike Force". usni.org. Annapolis, Maryland, United States.: U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  4. Naval Historical Society of Australia (2 December 2005)
  5. Naval Historical Society of Australia (2 December 2005)
  6. Hobbs, David. (January 2013). =U.S. Naval Institute.
  7. Kindell, Don (14 July 2011). "British Pacific Fleet, Admiralty Diary - Occupation of China Coast 1945". www.naval-history.net. England: Graham Smith. Retrieved 14 February 2020.