First Secretary to the Admiralty
Office of the First Secretary to the Admiralty
Royal Arms as used by His Majesty's Government 1837 to 1952
|Department of Admiralty|
|Style||The Right Honourable|
First Secretary to the Board of Admiralty and
Secretary to the Marine
|Member of||British Cabinet|
Board of Admiralty
|Appointer||The British Monarch|
on advice of the Prime Minister
|Term length||No fixed term|
|First holder||Secretary, Sir Philip Stephens|
|Final holder||Secretary, William Edward Baxter|
The First Secretary to the Admiralty was a junior minister of state position on the Board of Admiralty and civil officer of the British Royal Navy. It was usually filled by a Member of Parliament although he attended Board of Admiralty meetings informally he was not made a full member of that Board until 1929. He usually served as the deputy to the First Lord of the Admiralty in Parliament. He was mainly responsible for all Naval Accounts, Estimates, Expenditure, Finance and Spending proposals from 1763 until 1871, when his title was altered to Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty.
The origin of this office evolved out holding various secretaries appointed temporarily to the Lords Admiral, Admiralty and Navy Committees and Commissions. In July 1660 the post of Secretary to the Admiralty was formally established. In 1755 the Secretary to the Admiralty was given additional responsibilities and an additional title of Secretary of the Marine as a consequence of the creation of the Corps of the Royal Marines to administer the Marine Department a civilian secretariat responsible corresponding and coordinating the administrative and logistical concerns Royal Marine divisions at Chatham, Portsmouth and Plymouth. On 18 June 1763 the title of Secretary to the Admiralty was renamed to that of First Secretary to the Admiralty, additionally his former joint title was restyled as First Secretary of the Marine until 1809 when his role and functions were transferred to the new Marine Pay Department. In 1871 his title was altered again to Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty.
- Responsible for all naval finance generally.
- Responsible for the preparation of all naval estimates
- Responsible for parliamentary business in relation to the Department of Admiralty.
- Sir Philip Stephens, 18 June 1763 – 3 March 1795
- Evan Nepean, 3 March 1795 – 21 January 1804
- William Marsden, 24 January 1804 – 24 June 1807
- Hon. William Wellesley Pole, 24 June 1807 – 12 October 1809
- John Wilson Croker, 12 October 1809 – 2 May 1827
- Notes: The Board of Admiralty was suspended and replaced by a Lord High Admirals Council from 1827 to 1828.
- Hon. George Elliot, 1828–1834
- George Robert Dawson, 1834–1835
- Charles Wood, 1835–1839
- Richard More O'Ferrall, 1839–1841
- John Parker, 1841
- Hon. Sidney Herbert, 1841–1845
- Hon. Henry Lowry-Corry, 1845–1846
- Henry George Ward, 1846–1849
- John Parker, 1849–1852
- Augustus Stafford, 1852
- Ralph Bernal Osborne, 1853–1858
- Hon. Henry Lowry-Corry, 1858–1859
- Lord Clarence Paget, 1859–1866
- Hon. Thomas Baring, 1866
- Lord Henry Lennox, 1866–1868
- William Edward Baxter, 1868–1871
Departments under the Office
- Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy
- Department of the Director of Contracts
- Contract and Purchase Department
- Archives, National (1688–1983). "Records of Royal Marines". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
- Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: Terence Dalton Ltd, Suffolk, England, ISBN 0900963948.
- REDIRECT Template:The Admiralty (1707-1799)