First Secretary to the Admiralty

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United Kingdom
Office of the First Secretary to the Admiralty
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom from 1837 to 1952.png
Royal Arms as used by His Majesty's Government 1837 to 1952
Department of Admiralty
StyleThe Right Honourable
(Formal prefix)
First Secretary to the Board of Admiralty and
Secretary to the Marine
Member ofBritish Cabinet
Board of Admiralty
SeatWestminster, London
AppointerThe British Monarch
British Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation1763-1871
First holderSecretary, Sir Philip Stephens
Final holderSecretary, William Edward Baxter

The First Secretary to the Admiralty was a junior minister of state position on the Board of Admiralty and civil officer of the British Royal Navy. It was usually filled by a Member of Parliament although he attended Board of Admiralty meetings informally he was not made a full member of that Board until 1929. He usually served as the deputy to the First Lord of the Admiralty in Parliament. He was mainly responsible for all Naval Accounts, Estimates, Expenditure, Finance and Spending proposals from 1763 until 1871, when his title was altered to Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty.

History

The origin of this office evolved out holding various secretaries appointed temporarily to the Lords Admiral, Admiralty and Navy Committees and Commissions. In July 1660 the post of Secretary to the Admiralty was formally established. In 1755 the Secretary to the Admiralty was given additional responsibilities and an additional title of Secretary of the Marine as a consequence of the creation of the Corps of the Royal Marines to administer the Marine Department a civilian secretariat responsible corresponding and coordinating the administrative and logistical concerns Royal Marine divisions at Chatham, Portsmouth and Plymouth. On 18 June 1763 the title of Secretary to the Admiralty was renamed to that of First Secretary to the Admiralty, additionally his former joint title was restyled as First Secretary of the Marine until 1809 when his role and functions were transferred to the new Marine Pay Department. In 1871 his title was altered again to Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty.

Duties

  1. Responsible for all naval finance generally.
  2. Responsible for the preparation of all naval estimates
  3. Responsible for parliamentary business in relation to the Department of Admiralty.

Office Holders

Included:[1][2]

Notes: The Board of Admiralty was suspended and replaced by a Lord High Admirals Council from 1827 to 1828.

Departments under the Office

  1. Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy
  2. Department of the Director of Contracts
  3. Contract and Purchase Department

Footnotes

  1. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: T. Dalton. p. 69. ISBN 0900963948.
  2. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: T. Dalton. p. 91. ISBN 0900963948.

Bibliography

  1. Archives, National (1688–1983). "Records of Royal Marines". nationalarchives.gov.uk. London, England: The National Archives. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  2. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: Terence Dalton Ltd, Suffolk, England, ISBN 0900963948.
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