First Naval Lord

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Office of the First Naval Lord
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Department of Admiralty
Member ofBoard of Admiralty
Reports toFirst Lord of the Admiralty
AppointerPrime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed (typically 3–4 years)
FormationSenior Naval Lord (1689–1771)
First Naval Lord (1771–1904)
First Sea Lord (1904-1917)
First Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff (1917–present)
First holderRear-Admiral of the Blue, Augustus Hervey
DeputySecond Naval Lord
(1830–1904)

The First Naval Lord to the Board of Admiralty was established in 1771 when the former Senior Naval Lord's title was reconstituted.[1] He was the most senior serving naval officer on the Board of Admiralty the post existed until 1904 when the office was renamed First Sea Lord.

The office holder was the Chief Naval Adviser to both to the First Lord of the Admiralty and the board itself.

History

On 2 February 1771 the office of Senior Naval Lord was renamed to First Naval Lord. The first post holder was Vice-Admiral Augustus Hervey; he first served under First Lord of the Admiralty John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich. In 1805, for the first time, specific functions were assigned to each of the 'Naval' Lords, who were described as 'Professional' Lords, leaving to the 'Civil' Lords the routine business of signing documents. On the 2 May 1827 the Board of Admiralty once again ceased control of Naval Affairs and was replaced by a Lord High Admirals Council: this lasted until 1828. The title of the First Naval Lord was changed to First Sea Lord on the appointment of Sir Jackie Fisher in 1904.

Office Holders

First Naval Lords
No. Rank Name Term ref
1. Rear-Admiral of the Blue Augustus Hervey 2 February, 1771 – 12 April, 1775 [2][3]
2. Vice-Admiral of the Blue Sir Hugh Palliser 12 April, 1775 – 23 September, 1779 [4][5]
3. Vice-Admiral of the Red Robert Man 23 September, 1779 – 22 September, 1780 [6][7]
4. Vice-Admiral of the White George Darby 22 September, 1780 – 1 April, 1782 [8][9]
5. Admiral of the Blue Sir Robert Harland (1st Baronet of Sproughton) 1 April, 1782 – 30 January, 1783 [10][11]
6. Admiral of the Blue Hugh Pigot 30 January, 1783 – 31 December, 1783 [12][13]
7. Rear-Admiral of the Blue Hon. John Leveson-Gower 31 December, 1783 – 12 August, 1789 [14][15]
8. Admiral of the Blue Sir Samuel Hood 2 August, 1789 – 7 March, 1795 [16][17]
9. Admiral of the Blue Sir Charles Middleton 7 March, 1795 – 20 November, 1795 [18][19]
10. Vice-Admiral of the White Sir James Gambier 20 November, 1795 – 19 February, 1801 [20][21]
11. Rear-Admiral of the Blue Sir Thomas Troubridge 19 February, 1801 – 15 May, 1804 [22][23]
12. Admiral of the Blue Sir James Gambier 15 May, 1804 – 10 February, 1806 [24][25]
13. Rear-Admiral of the White John Markham 10 February, 1806 – 6 April, 1807 [26][27]
14. Admiral of the Blue Sir James Gambier 6 April, 1807 – 9 May, 1808 [28][29]
15. Admiral of the Blue Sir Richard Bickerton 9 May, 1808 – 25 March, 1812 [30][31]
16. Vice-Admiral of the White William Domett 25 March, 1812 – 23 October, 1813 [32][33]
17. Vice-Admiral of the Blue Sir Joseph Yorke 23 October, 1813 – 24 May, 1816 [34][35]
18. Rear-Admiral of the Red Sir Graham Moore 24 May, 1816 – 13 March, 1820 [36][37]
19. Vice-Admiral of the Blue Sir William Johnstone Hope 3 March, 1820 – 2 May, 1827 [38][39]
20. Vice-Admiral of the Red Sir George Cockburn.Bt. G.C.B. 19 September, 1828 – 25 November, 1830. [40]
21. Rear-Admiral of the White Sir Thomas Masterman Hardy. Bt. G.C.B. 25 November, 1830 – 1 August, 1834 [41][42]
22. Rear-Admiral of the Blue Hon. Sir George Heneage Lawrence Dundas 1 August, 1834 – 1 November, 1834 [43][44]
23. Rear-Admiral of the White Sir Charles Adam 1 November, 1834 – 23 December, 1834 [45][46]
24. Vice-Admiral of the Red Sir George Cockburn. Bt. G.C.B. 23 December, 1834 – 25 April, 1835 [47][48]
25. Vice-Admiral of the White Sir Charles Adam 25 April, 1835 – 8 September, 1841 [49][50]
26. Admiral of the Red Sir George Cockburn.Bt. G.C.B. 8 September, 1841 – 13 July, 1846 [51][52][53]
27. Vice-Admiral of the White Sir William Parker 13 July, 1846 – 24 July, 1846 [54][55]
28. Vice-Admiral of the Red Sir Charles Adam 24 July, 1846 – 20 July, 1847 [56]
29. Rear-Admiral of the Red Sir James Whitley Deans Dundas 20 July, 1847 – 13 February, 1852 [57]
30. Rear-Admiral of the Blue Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley 13 February, 1852 – 2 March, 1852 [58][59]
31. Vice-Admiral of the White Hyde Parker 2 March, 1852 – 26 May, 1854 [60][61]
32. Vice-Admiral of the White Hon. Maurice Fitzhardinge Berkeley 26 May 1854-24 November 1857 [62][63]
33. Vice-Admiral of the Blue Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas 24 November, 1857 – 8 March, 1858 [64][65]
34. Vice-Admiral of the Blue Sir William Fanshawe Martin, 4th Baronet 8 March, 1858 – 28 June, 1859 [66][67]
35. Vice Admiral of the White Hon. Sir Richard Saunders Dundas 28 June, 1859 – 15 June, 1861 [68][69]
36. Vice-Admiral of the Red Hon. Sir Frederick Grey 15 June, 1861 – 24 April, 1865 [70][71]
36. Admiral The Hon. Sir Frederick Grey 24 April, 1865 – 13 July, 1866 [72][73]
37. Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Milne 13 July, 1866 – 18 December, 1868 [74]
38. Admiral Sir Sydney Dacres 18 December, 1868 – 27 November, 1872 [75]
39. Admiral Sir Alexander Milne 27 November, 1872 – 7 September, 1876 [76]
40. Admiral Sir Hastings Yelverton 7 September, 1876 – 6 November, 1877 [77]
41. Admiral Sir George Wellesley 6 November, 1877 – 15 September, 1879 [78]
42. Admiral Sir Astley Cooper Key 15 September, 1879 – 1 July, 1885 [79]
43. Admiral Sir Arthur Hood 1 July, 1885 – 15 February, 1886 [80]
44. Admiral Lord John Hay 15 February, 1886 – 9 August, 1886 [81]
45. Admiral Sir Arthur Hood 1 July, 1885 – 24 October, 1889 [82]
46. Admiral Sir Richard Hamilton 24 October, 1889 – 28 September, 1891 [83]
47. Admiral Sir Anthony Hoskins 28 September, 1891 – 1 November, 1893 [84]
49. Admiral of the Fleet Sir Frederick Richards 1 November, 1893 – 14 August, 1899 [85]
50. Admiral of the Fleet Lord Walter Talbot Kerr 14 August, 1899 – 21 October, 1904 [86]

Footnotes

  1. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: T. Dalton. p. 69. ISBN 0900963948.
  2. Rodger. p.69.
  3. Harrsion, Simon (2018). "Lord Augustus John Hervey (1724-1779): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  4. Rodger. p.69.
  5. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir Hugh Palliser (1721-1796): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  6. Rodger. p.69.
  7. Harrsion, Simon. "Robert Man (1721-1783): Appointments:". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  8. Rodger. p.69.
  9. Harrison, Simon (2018). "George Darby (1720-1790): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  10. Rodger. p.69.
  11. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir Robert Harland (1715-1783): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  12. Rodger. p.69.
  13. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Hugh Pigot (1722-1792): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  14. Rodger. p.69.
  15. Harrsion, Simon (2018). "The Hon. John Leveson Gower (1740-1792):Appointments". threedecks.org. S, Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  16. Rodger. p.69.
  17. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir Samuel Hood (1724-1816): Appointments:". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  18. Rodger. p.69.
  19. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Lord Charles Middleton (1726-1813): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  20. Rodger. p.69.
  21. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir James Gambier (1756-1833): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  22. Rodger. p.69.
  23. Palmer, Charles John (1856). The History of Great Yarmouth. Great Yarmouth: L. A. Meall. p. 229.
  24. Rodger. p.69.
  25. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir James Gambier (1756-1833): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  26. Rodger. p.69.
  27. Harrison, Simon (2018). "John Markham: Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrion. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  28. Rodger. p.69.
  29. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir James Gambier (1756-1833): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  30. Rodger. p.69.
  31. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir Richard Hussey Bickerton (1759-1832): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  32. Rodger. p.69.
  33. Harrsion, Simon (2018). "Sir William Domett (1754-1828): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  34. Rodger. p.69.
  35. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir Joseph Sydney Yorke (1768-1831): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  36. Rodger. p.91.
  37. Harrison, Simon. "Sir Graham Moore (1764-1843): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  38. Rodger. p.91.
  39. Marshall, John (1823). "Royal Naval Biography". wikisource.org. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  40. Rodger. p.92.
  41. Rodger. p.92.
  42. Admiralty, Great Britain (20 March 1834). The Navy List. London: John Murray. p. 3.
  43. Rodger. p.92.
  44. Harrison, Simon (2018). "George Dundas: Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  45. Rodger. p.92.
  46. Harrison, Simon (2018). "Sir Charles Adam (1780-1853): Appointments". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  47. Rodger. p.92.
  48. Harrison. Sir George Cockburn. Appointments.
  49. Rodger. p.92.
  50. Harrison. Charles Adam. Appointments.
  51. Rodger. p.92.
  52. Harrison. Charles Adam. Appointments.
  53. O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). "Cockburn, George". A Naval Biographical Dictionary. London: John Murray. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  54. Rodger. p.92.
  55. O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). "Parker, William". A Naval Biographical Dictionary. London: John Murray. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  56. Rodger. p.92.
  57. Rodger. p.92.
  58. Rodger. p.92.
  59. Adam's, Henry (1853). Adams's Parliamentary Hand-Book: a key to the Houses of Lords and Commons. [Edited by Edward Morton.]. London: Henry Adams; Smith, Elder & Company. p. 172.
  60. Rodger. p.92.
  61. "Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal". Henry Colburn. 1854: 462. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  62. Rodger. p.92.
  63. "Colburn's United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal". London: Henry Colburn. 1857: 308. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  64. Rodger. p.92.
  65. "The United Service Magazine". London: H. Colburn. 1858: 617. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  66. Rodger. p.92.
  67. Admiralty, British (1860). "Flag Officers with dates of their Seniority.". the navy list, corrected to the 20th december, 1859. London: John Murray. p. 6.
  68. Rodger. p.92.
  69. Admiralty, British (December 1861). The Navy List. London: John Murray. p. 6.
  70. Rodger. p.92.
  71. Admiralty, British (20 December 1866). The Navy List. London: John Murray. p. 5.
  72. Rodger. p.92.
  73. Admiralty, British (20 December 1866). The Navy List. London: John Murray. p. 5.
  74. Rodger. p.92.
  75. Rodger. p.107.
  76. Rodger. p.107.
  77. Rodger. p.107.
  78. Rodger. p.107.
  79. Rodger. p.107.
  80. Rodger. p.107.
  81. Rodger. p.107.
  82. Rodger. p.107.
  83. Rodger. p.107.
  84. Rodger. p.107.
  85. Rodger. p.107.
  86. Rodger. p.107.

Bibliography

  1. Adam's, Henry (1853). Adams's Parliamentary Hand-Book: a key to the Houses of Lords and Commons. [Edited by Edward Morton.]. London: Henry Adams; Smith, Elder & Company.
  2. Admiralty, Great Britain (20 March 1834). The Navy List. London: John Murray.
  3. Admiralty, British (1860). "Flag Officers with dates of their Seniority.". the navy list, corrected to the 20th december, 1859. London: John Murray.
  4. Admiralty, British (December 1861). The Navy List. London: John Murray.
  5. Admiralty, British (20 December 1866). The Navy List. London: John Murray.
  6. "Colburn's (1854). United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal". Henry Colburn.
  7. "Colburn's (1857). United Service Magazine and Naval and Military Journal". London: Henry Colburn.
  8. Harrison, Simon (2018). Appointments". https://threedecks.org/index/find a person/search. S. Harrison.
  9. Marshall, John (1823). "Royal Naval Biography". wikisource.org. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green.
  10. O'Byrne, William Richard (1849). "Cockburn, George". A Naval Biographical Dictionary. London: John Murray.
  11. Palmer, Charles John (1856). The History of Great Yarmouth. Great Yarmouth: L. A. Meall.
  12. Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: T. Dalton. ISBN 0900963948.
  13. The United Service Magazine". (1858). London: H. Colburn.