Fifth Sea Lord

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Office of the Fifth Sea Lord
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Ensign of the Royal Navy
Department of the Admiralty
Member ofBoard of Admiralty
Reports toFirst Sea Lord
NominatorFirst Lord of the Admiralty
AppointerPrime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed (typically 1–3 years)
Inaugural holderRear Admiral Sir Godfrey Paine
Formation1917-1965

The Fifth Sea Lord was formerly one of the Sea Lords and members [1] of the Board of Admiralty that controlled the Royal Navy. The post's incumbent had responsibility for naval aviation.

History

In 1805, for the first time, specific functions were assigned to each of the 'Naval' Lords, who were described as 'Professional' Lords, leaving to the 'Civil' Lords the routine business of signing documents.[2] During World War I it was one of four additional Sea Lords created during the war to manage the Navy. The only officer to hold the title during World War I was Commodore Godfrey Paine. Commodore Paine simultaneously held the title of Director of Naval Aviation. After the Air Force Bill received the Royal Assent in November 1917, the Air Council was created on 3 January 1918 which included Paine.[3]

The post of Fifth Sea Lord then lapsed until 1938 when the Admiralty regained responsibility for naval aviation: the post was reestablished and was the Chief of Naval Air Services, responsible for preparation and management of all of the Royal Navy's aircraft and air personnel.[4] From 1957 to 1965 the post was held jointly as the Fifth Sea Lord and Deputy Chief of Naval Staff. The post was abolished in 1965.[5]

The modern equivalent of the Chief of Naval Air Services is today titled Rear Admiral, Fleet Air Arm, and is a dual-hatted post (held by a Navy official in conjunction with another unrelated post).[6]

Office Holders

Included:[7]

  1. Rear-Admiral Sir Godfrey Paine, 1917
  2. Admiral The Hon. Sir Alexander Ramsay, 1938–1939
  3. Vice-Admiral Sir Guy Royle]], 1939–1941
  4. Rear-Admiral Sir Lumley Lyster, 1941–1942
  5. Vice-Admiral Sir Denis Boyd, 1943–1945
  6. Rear-Admiral Sir Thomas Troubridge, 1945–1946
  7. Admiral Sir Philip Louis Vian, 1946–1948
  8. Vice-Admiral Sir George Creasy, 1948–1949
  9. Vice-Admiral Sir Maurice Mansergh, 1949–1951
  10. Vice-Admiral Sir Edmund Anstice, 1951–1954
  11. Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Bingley, 1954–1956
  12. Vice-Admiral Sir Manley Power, 1957–1959
  13. Admiral Sir Laurence Durlacher, 1959–1962
  14. Vice-Admiral Sir Peter Gretton, 1962–1963
  15. Vice-Admiral Sir Frank Hopkins, 1963–1965

Departments and Divisions under this office

As of 1917[8]

As of 1939 [9]

As of 1941 [9]

As of 1957[10][11]

As of 1962 [12]

See also

Footnotes

  1. Marder, Arthur J. (31 March 2014). "From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: Volume IV 1917, Year of Crisis". Seaforth Publishing, p.219, Mar 31, 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  2. "Sainty, JC, Lord High Admiral and Commissioners of the Admiralty 1660-1870', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4: Admiralty Officials 1660-1870 (1975), pp. 18-31". Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  3. Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation
  4. Division with ADM National Archives
  5. Whitaker's Almanack 1965
  6. Fleet Air Arm Officers' Association
  7. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Fifth Sea Lord - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell,3 November 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  8. Abbatiello, John (2 May 2006). "Anti-Submarine Warfare in World War I: British Naval Aviation and the Defeat of the U-Boats". Routledge, p.8, May 2, 2006. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 19 September 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  10. "Structure of the Service Fleet Air Arm Organization and the Work of Home Air Command" (PDF). flightglobal.com. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  11. "Naval Air Organization" (PDF). flightglobal.com. ght International Magazine, 20 April 1951, p.483. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  12. Huntley, Cdr F. C. "All Hands, The Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin, No 541" (PDF). navy.mil. United States Navy, February 1962. Retrieved 29 October 2019.

Bibliography

  1. Abbatiello, John (2 May 2006). "Anti-Submarine Warfare in World War I: British Naval Aviation and the Defeat of the U-Boats". Routledge, May 2, 2006. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  2. Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation.
  3. Fleet Air Arm Officers' Association.
  4. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Fifth Sea Lord - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell,3 November 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  5. Huntley, Cdr F. C. "All Hands, The Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin, No 541" (PDF). navy.mil. United States Navy, February 1962. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  6. Marder, Arthur J. (31 March 2014). "From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow: Volume IV 1917, Year of Crisis". Seaforth Publishing, 31 March, 2014. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
  7. Naval Air Organization" (PDF). flightglobal.com. ght International Magazine, 20 April 1951, Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  8. Sainty, JC, Lord High Admiral and Commissioners of the Admiralty 1660-1870', Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 4: Admiralty Officials 1660-1870 (1975), Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  9. Structure of the Service Fleet Air Arm Organization and the Work of Home Air Command" (PDF). flightglobal.com. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
  10. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 19 September 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2019.