East Africa and Zanzibar
|East Africa and Zanzibar Command|
|Country|| Colony of Aden (1941-1942)|
British Kenya (1942)
|H.M.Naval Base||Aden, (1941-1942)|
Kilindini, Mombassa, (1942)
|First||Rear-Admiral Arthur Duncan Read|
|Last||Rear-Admiral Charles Gage Stuart|
The command was controlled and directed by an officer called Naval Officer-in-Charge, East Africa and Zanzibar, then later Flag Officer, East Africa and Zanzibar who was headquartered at the Royal Navy base HMS Sheba at Aden, British Yemen.
The Royal Navy was active in East African waters from as early as the 1850s. Elements of the Royal Navy from the East Indies were involved in suppressing the slave trade in the 1860s. In 1873 the Admiralty established an East Coast of Africa Station as a naval command of the Royal Navy located at Zanzibar. It was a sub-command of the East Indies Station then later Cape of Good Hope Station.
During the First World War, the Commander-in-Chief at the Cape, Admiral King-Hall, expended much effort to destroy the elusive German light cruiser Königsberg. In 1919 the East Coast of Africa Station was deactivated.
During the Second World War an East African command was reformed in January 1941 and was called East Africa and Zanzibar however this command was headquartered at the British naval base at Aden, Yemen known as HMS Sheba. It was under the control and direction of the Flag Officer, East Africa and Zanzibar until 2 September, 1942.
On 3 September, 1942 the Flag Officer, East Africa and Zanzibar moved to Kilindini, Mombassa, Kenya. The former East Africa and Zanzibar command was renamed to East Africa as was his title to Flag Officer, East Africa.
|Naval Officer-in-Charge, East Africa and Zanzibar|
|1||Commander||A Ferguson||29 January, 1941 - 5 May 1942.|||
Flag Officer-in-Charge, East Africa (May 1942)
Flag Officer, East Africa and Zanzibar (May-Sep 1942)
- Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - Stuart, Charles Gage". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 1 March 2021.
Flag Officer East Africa & Zanzibar [HMS Sheba] - Flag Officer East Africa [HMS Tana]
- Houterman and Koppes.
- Admiralty, British. (February 1942) The Navy List Bi Monthly. Flag Officers in Commission. H.M.S.O. London. England. p.1110.