Downs Squadron

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Downs Squadron
Royal Navy Blue Ensign 1801 to 1864.gif
Ensign of the last Downs Squadron
Active1623–1834
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Squadron
Part ofDowns Station (1623-1834)
Channel Station (1746-1803)
Garrison/HQDeal Dockyard, Kent, England
Commanders
FirstRear-Admiral
Sir John Penington
LastVice-Admiral of the White
Thomas Foley

The Downs Squadron [1]was a naval formation of constituent ships of the English Navy Royal then later the British Royal Navy assigned to the Downs Station from 1626 to 1823 The squadron was commanded by Commander-in-Chief, the Downs[2] or Admiral Commanding at the Downs[3] headquartered at based at Deal Dockyard.


History

The Downs was the name naval area of sea during the 17th to 19th centuries. It served as permanent base for the Royal Navy operating out of Deal.[4] for warships patrolling the North Sea during the age of sail. The command generally covered an area in the southern North Sea near the English Channel off the east Kent coast it is primarily known in naval history for its engagement at the Battle of the Downs that took place in 1639. From 1803 until 1807 it was part of the North Sea Fleet.[5] The squadron lasted until 1823, when due to a change in area command it was absorbed into the Nore Station.

In Command

Composition of the Squadron

Downs Squadron
Date Ships of the Line Fourth-Rate Frigates Sloops Brigs Other Ships Total
May 1804 [6]
5
1
4
4
6
9
29

Footnotes

  1. Syrett, David; Jr, William N. Still (1998). The Royal Navy in European Waters During the American Revolutionary War. Columbia, South Carolina, United States.: University of South Carolina Press. pp. 108–110. ISBN 9781570032387.
  2. Papers, Relative to Correspondence between Sir Home Popham and the Admiralty, between 1 January 1787 and 31st December 1792. Oxford University. 1808. p. 198.
  3. Charnock, John (1794). Biographia Navalis; or, Impartial memoirs of the lives of officers of the navy of Great Britain from 1660 (Volume 1 ed.). pp. 29–31.
  4. Robson, Martin (2005). The Battle of Trafalgar. Conway Maritime Press. pp. 29, 36, 158. ISBN 0-85177-979-4.
  5. Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, United States.: Stackpole Books. p. 22. ISBN 9780811732758.
  6. Rodger, N.A.M. (2004). "Fleets:May 1804 Invasion Threat". The command of the ocean : a naval history of Britain 1649-1815. London: Allen Lane. pp. 615–617. ISBN 9780713994117.

Bibliography

  1. Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania, United States.: Stackpole Books. ISBN 9780811732758.
  2. Charnock, John (1794). Biographia Navalis; or, Impartial memoirs of the lives of officers of the navy of Great Britain from 1660 (Volume 1 ed.).
  3. Papers, Relative to Correspondence between Sir Home Popham and the Admiralty, between 1 January 1787 and 31st December 1792. Oxford University. 1808.
  4. Robson, Martin (2005). The Battle of Trafalgar. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-979-4.
  5. Syrett, David; Jr, William N. Still (1998). The Royal Navy in European Waters During the American Revolutionary War. Columbia, South Carolina, United States.: University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 9781570032387.