Destroyers (British Pacific Fleet)

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Destroyers (British Pacific Fleet)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
ActiveJanuary 1945
DisbandedApril 1946
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSea Command
RoleFleet Protection
Size6 Destroyer Flotillas
Part ofBritish Pacific Fleet
Garrison/HQManus Island, Australia, then Hong Kong.
Commanders
In CommandRear-Admiral (Destroyers) British Pacific Fleet
FirstRear-Admiral, John Hereward Edelsten.
LastRear-Admiral Ernest Russell Archer.

Destroyers (British Pacific Fleet) was a sea command of the Royal Navy set up in January, 1945 to provide collective oversight over destroyer flotillas allocated to the British Pacific Fleet, it was under the command of Rear-Admiral (Destroyers) British Pacific Fleet until April, 1946.

History

The British Pacific Fleet was the result of a desire on the part of Winston Churchill for there to be a major British naval presence in the final stages of the maritime war against Japan.[1] It meant the creation of a battle fleet centred around a large force of aircraft carriers which could be maintained at sea for long periods of time similar to those common to USN carrier forces.[2]

As a result a large fleet train of ships and bases had to be created from scratch, extending from Australia northwards. The job of protecting these carrier forces from enemy submarines was destroyer flotillas.[3] The BPF did not reach its planned strength by August 1945-many ships were still on passage from the UK.[4] It was run down rapidly in the six months after VJ Day.[5]

In Command

Rear-Admiral (Destroyers) British Pacific Fleet

Naval Formations under this Command

Unit From To Notes/Ref
4th Destroyer Flotilla 1944 1945 [RAN, RN & RNZN ships].
7th Destroyer Flotilla 1944 1945/1946 [N class].[8]
19th Destroyer Flotilla ditto ditto [Battle class].[9]
24th Destroyer Flotilla ditto ditto [T class].[10]
25th Destroyer Flotilla ditto ditto [U class].[11]
27th Destroyer Flotilla ditto ditto [W class].[12]

References

  1. Watson, Dr Graham (19 September 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  2. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.
  3. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.
  4. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.
  5. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.
  6. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945: - E - Edelsten, [Sir] John Hereward". www.unithistories.com. Metherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  7. Houterman, Hans; Koppes, Jeroen. "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - A - Archer, [Sir] Ernest Russell". www.unithistories.com. Netherlands: Houterman and Koppes. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  8. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.
  9. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.
  10. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.
  11. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.
  12. Watson (2015). Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945.