Deputy Secretary to the Admiralty

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Great Britain
Office of the Deputy Secretary to the Admiralty
Coat-of-Arms-of-Great-Britain-1714-to-1801.png
Royal Arms as used by His Majesty's Government
Department of Admiralty
StyleThe Right Honourable
(Formal prefix)
Secretary to the Marine
Member ofBritish Cabinet
Board of Admiralty
SeatWestminster, London
AppointerThe British Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation1705-1783
First holderDeputy Secretary, John Fawler
Final holderDeputy Secretary, John Ibbetson

The office of Deputy Secretary to the Admiralty was the senior civil servant at the Department of Admiralty, of Great Britain the department of state responsible for the administration of the Royal Navy. He controlled and directed the Admiralty Secretariat as part of the Secretaries Department[1] that was later known as the Department of the Permanent Secretary. Although he was not a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, he was as a member of the Board of Admiralty, and did attend all meetings. The post existed from 1705 to 1783 when the office was renamed Second Secretary to the Admiralty.

History

The office originally evolved from the Assistants appointed to the Secretary to the Admiralty (later called the First Secretary) who were initially only intermittently appointed, being sometimes designated "assistant or joint secretary" and sometimes "deputy secretary". Appointments became regular from 1756, and the title of the office was established as Second Secretary to the Admiralty on 13 January 1783.[2] In the 19th century, it increasingly became the case that the First Secretary of the Admiralty was a member of the Government, while the Second Secretary was a civil servant, and the titles of the offices were changed to reflect this in 1869, the First Secretary becoming the Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty and the Second Secretary the Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty. When the Department of Admiralty was abolished in 1964 and its functions unified within a new Ministry of Defence where it became the Navy Department, the Permanent Secretary to the Admiralty became formally known as the Permanent Under Secretary of State for the Navy.

Office Holders

Included:[3]

  • John Fawler, 15 November 1705 to 11 November 1714
  • Thomas Corbett, 25 June 1728 to 13 October 1742
  • Robert Osborne, 17 November 1744 to 1 August 1746
  • John Cleveland, 4 August 1746 to 1 May 1751
  • John Milnes, 15 June 1756 to 16 October 1759
  • Philip Stephens, 16 October 1759 to 18 June 1763.
  • Charles Fearne, 28 June 1764 to 10 November 1766.
  • Sir George Jackson, 11 November 1766 to 12 June 1782.
  • John Ibbetson, from 12 June 1782 to 13 January 1783.

Footnotes

  1. Moore, Richard (2001). The Royal Navy and Nuclear Weapons. Psychology Press. p. 17. ISBN 9780714651958.
  2. Haydn, Joseph; Ockerby, Horace (1890). The Book of Dignities; containing Lists of the Official Personages of the British Empire, Civil, Diplomatic, Heraldic, Judicial, Ecclesiastical, Municipal, Naval, and Military, From the Earliest Periods to the Present Time. London: W. H. Allen & Co. p. 187. Retrieved 23 February 2014.
  3. Sainty, J. C. (1975). "Deputy Secretary 1705-83 British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. University of London. p. 28. Retrieved 3 January 2019.

Bibliography

  1. Haydn, Joseph; Ockerby, Horace (1890). The Book of Dignities; containing Lists of the Official Personages of the British Empire, Civil, Diplomatic, Heraldic, Judicial, Ecclesiastical, Municipal, Naval, and Military, From the Earliest Periods to the Present Time. London: W. H. Allen & Co.
  2. Moore, Richard (2001). The Royal Navy and Nuclear Weapons. Psychology Press. ISBN 9780714651958.
  3. Sainty, J. C. (1975). "Deputy Secretary 1705-83 British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. University of London.

Further Reading

  • Rodger, N.A.M. (1979). The Admiralty. Lavenham: Terence Dalton Ltd, Suffolk, England, ISBN 0900963948.
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