Deputy Secretary at War

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United Kingdom
Office of the Deputy Secretary at War
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom from 1837 to 1952.png
Royal Arms as used by His Majesty's Government
War Office
StyleThe Right Honourable
(Formal prefix)
Deputy Secretary at War
SeatWestminster, London
AppointerThe British Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthNo fixed term
Formation1719-1857
First holderRichard Arnold
Final holderBenjamin Hawes

The Deputy Secretary at War, was a senior War Office position first established from 1719 as a deputy to the Secretary at War. In 1857 his office was renamed the Permanent Under Secretary of State for War.[1]

History

In September 1672 payment was made for two clerks to the Secretary at War as from 29 March 1672 and this expense and the provision of a messenger to attend his office were incorporated in the Army Establishment of the following year.” This number remained constant until the beginning of the next century, but then under pressure of increasing business resulting from the War of the Spanish Succession additional clerks were appointed. Of these one or two were designated Chief Clerk later called First Clerk from these the office of Deputy Secretary at War would evolve.[2]

In 1719 the post of Deputy Secretary at War was created for the Chief Clerk Richard Arnold who held the office of Deputy Secretary-at-War from 1719 to 1746. He was replaced by Edward Lloyd he served as Deputy Secretary at War until 1755. Over the next twenty years the office was rapidly filled and then vacated. In 1775 Matthew Lewis was appointed and remained in office for the next twenty eight years, whilst holding the joint title of First Clerk at the War Office. In 1827 the office was held briefly with that of the with that of the Military Secretary to the Commander-in-Chief of the Forces until 1828.[3]

In 1857 the offices of Clerk of the Ordnance and Military Under Secretary of State for War were abolished, and the Deputy Secretary-at-War became Permanent Under Secretary of State for War.[4]

Office Holders

Incomplete list of holders includes:

Name Entered office Left office
Richard Arnold[5] 1719 1746
Edward Lloyd[6] 1746 1755
Anthony Chamier[7] 1772 1775
Matthew Lewis[8] 1775 1806
William Merry[9] 1810 1826
Major-General Sir Herbert Taylor[10] 1827 1827
Lawrence Sullivan[11] 1827 1839
Benjamin Hawes 1851 1857

Footnotes

  1. Roper, Dr Michael (1998). The records of the War Office and related departments, 1660-1964. London: Public Record Office. pp. 17–22. ISBN 1873162456.
  2. Roper. p. 17-22.
  3. Roper. p. 17-22.
  4. Roper, pp.97-98.
  5. Roper. p. 17-22.
  6. Roper. p. 17-22.
  7. "CHAMIER, Anthony (1725-80), of Epsom, Surr. | History of Parliament Online". www.histparl.ac.uk. The History of Parliament Trust. 1964–2019. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  8. Roper. p. 17-22.
  9. Cook, Chris; Stevens, John (2016). British Historical Facts, 1760-1830. Berlin, Germany: Springer. p. 35. ISBN 9781137064653.
  10. "Private correspondence with Major General Sir Herbert Taylor". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Kew, London: National Archives UK. 1825–1828. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  11. Cook and Stevenson. p.35.

Bibliography

  1. "Private correspondence with Major General Sir Herbert Taylor". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Kew, London: National Archives UK. 1825–1828. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  2. Roper, Dr Michael (1998). The records of the War Office and related departments, 1660-1964. London: Public Record Office. ISBN 1873162456.