Deputy Chief of Naval Staff

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Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Ensign of the Royal Navy
Nicholas William Hine.png
Incumbent
Nicholas William Hine

since 26 April 2019
Department of Admiralty (1917-1964)
Navy Department (1964-1968)
Navy Command, Ministry of Defence (2012-present)
AbbreviationDCNS
Member ofBoard of Admiralty (1917-1964)
Admiralty Board, Navy Board (1964-present)
Reports toFirst Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
NominatorFirst Lord of the Admiralty (1917-1964)
Secretary of State for Defence
AppointerFirst Lord of the Admiralty (1917-1964)
Prime Minister
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed
(typically 1–3 years)
Formation1917-1968, 2012-current
First holderVice-Admiral (Acting) Henry Oliver

The Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff (D.C.N.S.) is a senior appointment [1] in the Royal Navy currently jointly held by the Second Sea Lord, usually a three-star rank and had a NATO ranking code of OF-8 but has previously been held by an acting two-star ranked officer and a four-star ranked officer.

History

The position was originally established in 1917 on the Board of Admiralty. It essentially replaced the position of Chief of the Admiralty War Staff.[2]

The first incumbent was Vice-Admiral (Acting) Henry Oliver, the Chief of the Admiralty War Staff, who was appointed Deputy Chief of Naval Staff on 31 May 1917.[3] The duties of the Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff, were shared with the First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff and with the Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff.[4]

In September 1917 the new post of Deputy First Sea Lord was created to meet the demand of wartime operational requirements: the Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff then reported to the Deputy First Sea Lord until 1919 when that post was abolished. The Deputy Chief Naval Staff then resumed his previous role and reported to the First Sea Lord until 1941 when this post was renamed Vice Chief of the Naval Staff due to restructuring within the British Armed Forces; this continued until 1946.

After the Second World War the title was changed back and continued until 1968 when it was abolished by the Department of Admiralty.

In 2012 the office was revived once more and the current Deputy Chief of Naval Staff became both a member of the Admiralty Board and a member of the Navy Board of the Ministry of Defence.

Duties

As of 1917.[5][6][7]

  1. Relieve the (C.N.S.) of all the routine matters dealt with by sections under his immediate direction.
  2. Fleet Movements.
  3. All operations in the North Sea, the White Sea, the Baltic, and the Dover Area, except British coastal measures for the protection of trade.
  4. Offensive measures in the Mediterranean and abroad generally.
  5. The protection of trade in the North Sea, except the coastal trade on the East Coast of Great Britain. North Sea trade includes the Dutch trade, trade between Scandinavian countries and Great Britain, and Baltic trade, but not convoy from Lerwick, Southward.
  6. All questions relating to foreign stations, except protection of trade against submarine and mine attack.
  7. Policy of blockade and all questions relating thereto and to contraband of war.
  8. Organisation, movements and protection of troop transports and other vessels against attack by surface vessels; Atlantic convoys other than troop convoys being under the Assistant Chief of Naval Staff.

NOTE: - Programmes of arrivals and departures of such vessels must be made out in co-operation with A.C.N.S., who is responsible for providing the anti-submarine escort in dangerous areas such as mining. This remained in place until 1939

As of 1939[8]

  1. Operations of War: All large Questions of Naval Policy and Maritime Warfare.
  2. Fighting and Sea-going Efficiency of the Fleet and its Organisation.
  3. Distribution and Movements of all Ships in Commission and in Reserve.
  4. Superintendence of the Naval Staff and the Hydrographic Department.
  5. Administering Naval communications.
  6. Superintendence of the Assistant Chief of Naval Staff
  7. Superintendence of the Naval Intelligence Division until 1941 title is renamed Vice Chief of Naval Staff until 1946 post changes back to original name and continues with superintendence of junior naval staff until 1968.

As of 2014 [9]

  1. (D. C. N. S.) has full command of all deployable Fleet units including the Royal Marines.
  2. (D. C. N. S.) is responsible for providing ships, submarines, aircraft and Royal Marine units ready in all respects for any operations that the UK Government requires.
  3. (D. C. N. S.) is responsible for the delivery of the Naval Service’s current and future personnel, equipment and infrastructure.

As of 2020 [10]

  1. (D. C. N. S.) is responsible for the delivery of the Naval Service’s current and future personnel, equipment and infrastructure.

Office Holders

  1. Vice-Admiral Sir Henry F.Oliver: — July 1917-January 1918
  2. Rear-Admiral Sir Sydney R. Fremantle: — January 1918-May 1919
  3. Rear-Admiral Sir James A.Fergusson: — May-August 1919
  4. Vice-Admiral Sir Osmond de B. Brock: — August 1919-November 1921
  5. Vice-Admiral Sir Roger J. B. Keyes, Bt. — November 1921-May 1925
  6. Vice-Admiral Sir Frederick L. Field: — May 1925-May 1928
  7. Vice-Admiral Sir William W. Fisher: — May 1928-June 1930
  8. Admiral Sir Frederic C. Dreyer: — June 1930-January 1933
  9. Vice-Admiral Sir Charles J. C. Little: — January 1933-October 1935
  10. Vice-Admiral Sir William M. James: — October 1935-October 1938
  11. Vice-Admiral Sir Andrew B. Cunningham: — October 1938-May 1939
  12. Vice-Admiral Sir Tom S. V. Phillips: — June 1939-October 1941
  13. Rear-Admiral Robert D. Oliver: — April 1946-April 1947
  14. Vice-Admiral Edward M. Evans-Lombe: — December 1950-January 1953
  15. Rear-Admiral Geoffrey Barnard: January — 1953-April 1954
  16. Vice-Admiral Sir Eric G.A. Clifford: — April 1954-October 1957
  17. Vice Admiral Sir Manley Power — October 1957–February 1959
  18. Admiral Sir Laurence Durlacher — February 1959–January 1962
  19. Vice Admiral Sir Peter William Gretton — January 1962–January 1963
  20. Vice-Admiral Sir Frank H.E. Hopkins: — January 1963-March 1966
  21. Vice-Admiral H.Richard B. Janvrin: — March 1966-October 1968
  22. Vice-Admiral Sir Philip Jones: — November 2012-April 2016
  23. Vice-Admiral Sir Jonathan Woodcock KCB OBE: — April 2016–March 2018
  24. Vice-Admiral Tony Radakin: — March 2018–April 2019
  25. Vice-Admiral Nicholas William Hine: — April 2019−present

Current Subordinate Line Staff

Included:[11]

  1. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Aviation and Carriers)
  2. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Capability)
  3. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Personnel)
  4. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Submarines) and Flag Officer, Scotland and Northern Ireland
  5. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Ships) and Chief Naval Engineer Officer (CNEO)
  6. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Ship Acquisition)
  7. Chaplain of the Fleet
  8. Director Naval Support

Former Subordinate Line Staff

Included:[12][13]

  1. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff
  2. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Air)
  3. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Home)
  4. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Support)
  5. Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Training)
  6. Chief of Naval Air Service
  7. Director of Naval Intelligence
  8. Director Operations Division
  9. Director Operations Division (Home)
  10. Director of Plans Division
  11. Director of Signals Division
  12. Director of the Signals Section

References

  1. "The Secretary of State announces new Senior Appointments in the Armed Services". www.gov.uk. Ministry of Defence, 29 January 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  2. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Deputy Chief of Naval Staff". dreadnoughtproject.org. Dreadnought Project, 1 September 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  3. Oliver Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. p. 319.
  4. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Deputy Chief of Naval Staff". dreadnoughtproject.org. Dreadnought Project, 1 September 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  5. "War Staff Duties." Jellicoe Papers. British Library. Add. MS. 48992. ff. 94-95.
  6. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Deputy Chief of Naval Staff". dreadnoughtproject.org. Dreadnought Project, 1 September 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  7. "Deputy Chief of Naval Staff - The Dreadnought Project,"War Staff Duties." Jellicoe Papers. British Library. Add. MS. 48992. ff. 94-95". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Dreadnought Project. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  8. "Deputy Chief of Naval Staff - The Dreadnought Project,"War Staff Duties." Jellicoe Papers. British Library. Add. MS. 48992. ff. 94-95". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Dreadnought Project. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  9. "Navy Command senior, as of March 2014". gov.uk. MOD, Updated 29 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2020.
  10. Office, Cabinet (2020). "Civil Service Yearbook:United Kingdom Ministers, Departments and Executive Agencies Ministry of Defence (MoD) Navy Command Navy Personnel and Capability". www.civilserviceyearbook.com. HM Government. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  11. The Civil Service Yearbook Online 2020.
  12. Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, 1914-1918". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  13. Watson, Dr Graham (19 September 2015). "Royal Navy Orgnisation in World War 2, 1939-1945". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 8 February 2020.