Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches

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Office of the
Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Department of Admiralty
AbbreviationC. in C. W.A.
Reports toFirst Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff
NominatorFirst Lord of the Admiralty
Term lengthnot fixed
usually 1-4 years
PrecursorCommander-in-Chief, Coast of Ireland (1917-1919)
Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth Station (1745-1939)
Formation1919, 1939
First holderAdmiral Reginald Godfrey Otway Tupper
Final holderAdmiral Max Kennedy Horton
Abolished1922, 1945

The Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches was a senior British Royal Navy appointment first from 1916 to 1922, [1] and again from 1939 to 1945.

The office holder was responsible for control and direction of the Western Approaches Station during the interwar period, then Western Approaches Command during World War Two.


n 1919 the Coast of Ireland Station was renamed the Western Approaches Station at the same time the title of the commanding flag officer Commander-in-Chief, Coast of Ireland was altered to Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches. The Western Approaches Station remained active until 1922 when it was deactivated.[2][3] On the outbreak of world war two in September 1939 the Plymouth Station was renamed Western Approaches Command and subsequently the title of Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth Station was changed to Commander-in-Chief the Western Approaches until August, 1945

Office Holders


Commander-in-Chief, Western Approaches
Rank Flag Name Term
1 Admiral Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Reginald Godfrey Otway Tupper 1 April, 1919 – 1 April, 1921.
2 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Ernest Frederick Augustus Gaunt 1 April, 1921 – 15 March, 1922.
3 Admiral Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Martin Dunbar-Nasmith 9 September, 1939 – 17 February, 1941.
4 Admiral Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Percy Noble 17 February, 1941 – 19 November, 1942.
3 Admiral Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Max Kennedy Horton 19 November, 1942 – 15 August, 1945.


  1. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (12 April 2018). "Coast of Scotland Station - The Dreadnought Project". Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  2. "The Royal Navy in Cork Ireland". Shipwrecks of Cork. 2 August 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  3. Naval Command Changes (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Thursday, 27 March, 1919. Issue 42059, col F, p. 13.
  4. Harley and Lovell. (12 April 2018). Coast of Ireland Station - The Dreadnought Project.