Commander-in-Chief, South America Station

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Office of the
Commander-in-Chief, South America Station
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Reports toFirst Naval Lord (1808-1838)
First Sea Lord (1919-1921)
NominatorFirst Lord of the Admiralty
AppointerFirst Lord of the Admiralty
Term lengthnot fixed
usually 1-4 years
Formation1808
First holderRear-Admiral of the Blue: William Sidney Smith.
Final holderRear-Admiral: Allen Thomas Hunt.
Abolished1921
SuccessionCommander-in-Chief, North America, West Indies and Newfoundland

The Commander-in-Chief, South America Station was a senior British Royal Navy appointment first from 1808 to 1837 and then again from 1919 to 1921. The office holder was responsible for the command of the South America Station.

History

The office was first established on 25 January 1808 with the first incumbent being Rear-Admiral of the Blue William Sidney Smith. The final incumbent of the first creation of this post was Vice-Admiral of the Blue Graham Eden Hamond from 1834 to 1838 after which the office was abolished. Eighty one years later this office was revived for a second time on 9 March 1919 and lasted until 1921, during this post World War One period. The only holder of this post was Rear-Admiral Allen Thomas Hunt.

Office Holders

Included

Commander-in-Chief, South America Station
Rank Flag Name Term
1 Rear-Admiral of the Blue Rear Admiral of the Blue Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png William Sidney Smith 25 January 1808 – 17 May 1809.[1]
2 Vice-Admiral of the White Vice Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png Michael de Courcy 18 May 1809 – 1812.[2]
3 Vice-Admiral of the White Vice Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png Manley Dixon 1812 – 1816.[3]
4 Commodore Distinction Flag Commodore distinction Red squadron 1806 to 1826.jpg William Bowles 1816 – 17 May 1819.[4]
5 Commodore Distinction Flag Commodore distinction Red squadron 1806 to 1826.jpg Thomas Hardy 18 May 1819 – 16 November 1823.[5]
6 Rear-Admiral of the White Rear Admiral of the White Squadron command flag 1805 to 1864.png George Eyre 16 November 1823 – 1826.[6]
7 Rear-Admiral of the Red Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Robert Waller Otway 1826 – 9 January 1829.[7]
8 Rear-Admiral of the Red Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Thomas Baker 9 January 1829 – January 1833.[8]
9 Rear-Admiral of the Red Rear Admiral of the Red Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Sir Michael Seymour January 1833 – 9 July 1834.[9]
10 Vice-Admiral of the Blue Vice Admiral of the Blue Squadron command flag 1702 to 1864.png Graham Eden Hamond 9 July 1834 – 17 May 1838.[10]
11 Rear-Admiral Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Allen Thomas Hunt 9 March 1919 – 1921.[11]

References

  1. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  2. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  3. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  4. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  5. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  6. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  7. "Court Martial". The United Service Journal and Naval and Military Magazine. London, England: Henry Colburn: 504. 1829. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  8. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  9. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  10. Ortiz-Sotelo, Jorge. (1998). Appendix Two Commanding Officers of British Naval Forces in the Pacific Commanders in Chief of the South America Station 1819-1837. p.295.
  11. Harley and Lovell.