Commander-in-Chief, Baltic Fleet

From Naval History Archive
Jump to navigationJump to search
Office of the Commander-in-Chief, Baltic Fleet
Royal Navy Blue Ensign 1799 to 1801.gif
Department of Admiralty
Reports toFirst Naval Lord
AppointerFirst Lord of the Admiralty
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot fixed
Inaugural holderVice-Admiral
Formation1658-1856

The Commander-in-Chief, Baltic Fleet was a senior Royal Navy appointment from 1658 to 1856, appointments were made on a temporary basis. The office holder commanded the Baltic Fleet.[1]

History

The British Baltic Fleet comprised a series of temporary fleets assembled for various naval campaigns of the Commonwealth and Protectorate Navy from 1658 to 1659, then Royal Navy 1717 until 1856 under the command of a Commander-in-Chief, British Baltic Fleet. The fleet operated from a number of bases including Spithead in Hampshire but also the Nore.[2] During the Crimean War of 1853-1856, the final British Baltic Fleet was the largest assembled since the Napoleonic Wars, and in terms of armament the most powerful naval force the Royal Navy possessed in the mid-19th century.[3]

Office Holders

Commander-in-Chief, Baltic Fleet
No. Rank Name Term Ref
1. Vice-Admiral Sir William Goodsonn 1658-1659 [4]
2. General at Sea Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich 1659 [5]
3. Admiral of the Blue Sir John Norris 1715 [6]
4. Admiral of the White Sir George Byng 1717 [7]
5. Admiral of the Blue Sir John Norris 1718-1725 [8]
6. Vice-Admiral of the Red Sir Charles Wager 1726 [9]
7. Admiral of the Blue Sir John Norris 1727 [10]
8. Admiral of the Blue Sir Hyde Parker 1801 – 1803 [11]
9. Vice-Admiral of the Blue Horatio Nelson 1803 – 1804 [12]
10. Vice-Admiral of the Red James Saumarez, 1st Baron de Saumarez 1808-1812 [13][14]
11. Vice-Admiral of the Blue Charles John Napier Feb–Mar, 1854 [15]
12. Vice-Admiral of the Blue James Whitley Deans Dundas Mar–Aug, 1854 [16]
13. Rear-Admiral of the Blue Richard Saunders Dundas Feb, 1855 – Apr 1856 [17][18][19]

Footnotes

  1. Davey, James (1 December 2009). "Within Hostile Shores: Victualling the Royal Navy in European Waters during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars". International Journal of Maritime History. London, England: Sage Publications Ltd. 21 (2): 241–260. doi:10.1177/084387140902100211.
  2. Lavery, Brian (2015). Nelson's Victory: 250 Years of War and Peace. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. p. 165. ISBN 9781848322325.
  3. Grehan, John; Mace, Martin (2014). "VIII British Battles of the Crimean Wars 1854 to 1855". British Battles of the Crimean Wars 1854-1856: Despatches from the Front. Barnsley, England: Pen and Sword. ISBN 9781473831858.
  4. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail: Fleet lists 1553 to 1821". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  5. Harrison Fleet Lists
  6. Harrison Fleet Lists
  7. Harrison Fleet Lists
  8. Harrison Fleet Lists
  9. Campbell, John; Kent, John (1785). Biographia Nautica: Or, Memoirs of Those Illustrious Seamen, to Whose Intrepidity and Conduct the English are Indebted, for the Victories of Their Fleets, the Increase of Their Dominions, the Extension of Their Commerce, and Their Preeminence on the Ocean. Interspersed with the Most Material Circumstances of Naval History, from the Norman Invasion to the Year 1779. Embellished with Copper-plates. Dublin, Ireland: J. Williams. p. 188.
  10. Harrison Fleet Lists
  11. Harrison Fleet Lists
  12. Harrison Fleet Lists
  13. Hore, Captain Peter (20 May 2015). "James Saumarez". Nelson's Band of Brothers. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781848323568.
  14. Harrison Fleet Lists
  15. Callo and Wilson p. 296.
  16. Lavery p. 165.
  17. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Richard Saunders Dundas (1802-1861)". threedecks.org. S, Harrison. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  18. Melbourne Argus 20 June 1855
  19. "The Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for 1855". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 28 February 2013: 325. Retrieved 1 July 2019.