Coast of Scotland Station

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Coast of Scotland Station
HMS Cochrane I
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1913-1916, 1919-1939
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeStation
RoleArea of Responsibility
Part ofAdmiralty
HQ and Naval BaseRosyth Dockyard
Scotland
Commanders
FirstAdmiral Sir Robert S. Lowry
LastVice-Admiral Sir Charles G. Ramsey

The Coast of Scotland also known as the Scottish Command was instituted in 1913.was a naval command area of the British Royal Navy its headquarters were at Rosyth, Scotland Great Britain.[1]

History

The Royal Navy has had major commands in Scotland from at least the 18th century that included the Leith Station. It commanding officer also bore the titles of Commander-in-Chief at Leith and on the Coast of Scotland.

Two major geographic commands existed in 1913. The major difference between them and the three traditional commands of the Nore, Portsmouth and Plymouth is that they were not involved in the tasks of manning and training.[2] Their initial task was to support naval operations in their respective areas through the creation and operation of base and dockyard facilities, they included the Coast of Ireland Station and the Coast of Scotland Station.[3]

The Scottish command - or Rosyth Command as it later became known - was responsible for the development of bases for the Grand Fleet in the Firth of Forth and at Cromarty.[4] Of these the most important was the new dockyard at Rosyth which opened in 1916.[5] The defence of those bases from the submarine and mine threats became more important as the ships of the Grand Fleet moved southwards. From April 1918 Rosyth was the main base of the Grand Fleet.[6]

Head Quarters

Admiral Commanding on the Coast of Scotland (1913-1916)

Subordinate Flag Officers

The senior subordinate flag officers in this command included:[7]

Admiral-Superintendent, Rosyth Dockyard

Flag Officer, Cromarty

Rear-Admiral, Stornoway

Flag Officer, West Coast of Scotland

Commander-in-Chief, Coast of Scotland (1919-1939)

Components

At various times it encompassed naval formations and other ships not attached to other fleets. In addition to shore establishments including, barracks, dockyards, depots, hospitals, refitting and re-supply bases, naval bases or victualling yards. Those components that were part of this station are shown below.

Formations

Unit From To Ref
8th Destroyer Flotilla 1914 1916 [8]
9th Destoyer Flotilla, Tyne 1914 1916 [9]
7th Submarine Flotilla 1916 1916 [10]
9th Submarine Flotilla 1914 1916 [11]
10th Submarine Flotilla 1914 1916 [12]

Naval Shore Establishments

Unit From To Ref
Cromarty 1913 1916 [13]
Rosyth Dockyard 1916, 1919 1916, 1942 [14]
Royal Naval Torpedo Factory, Greenock 1916, 1919 1916, 1942

Naval Sub Commands

Station From To Ref
Cromarty 1915 1940 [15]
Stornoway 1915, 1940 1920, 1941 [16]
West Coast of Scotland Example Example [17]


References

  1. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (5 June 2018). "Coast of Scotland Station - The Dreadnought Project". dreadnoughtproject.org. England: Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  2. Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, 1914–1918". www.naval-history.net. Graham Smith. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  3. Watson. (27 October 2015). Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, 1914–1918.
  4. Watson. (27 October 2015). Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, 1914–1918.
  5. Watson. (27 October 2015). Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, 1914–1918.
  6. Watson. (27 October 2015). Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, 1914–1918.
  7. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  8. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  9. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  10. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  11. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  12. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  13. Seligmann, Matthew S.; Nägler, Frank (2016). The Naval Route to the Abyss: The Anglo-German Naval Race 1895-1914. Cambridge: Routledge. p. 466. ISBN 9781317023265.
  14. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  15. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  16. Watson. (27 October 2015).
  17. Watson. (27 October 2015).