Cinque Port Fleet

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Cinque Port Fleet
Cinque Ports Flag.png
Active1260 - 1588
AllegianceFlag Kingdom of England.gif Kingdom of England
BranchNavy Royal
TypeDetached Fleet
RoleConvoy Protection, Expeditionary Force, Transportation, Patrol
Garrison/HQDover, England

The Cinque Port Fleet was the a temporary formation of ships supplied to the crown from the Confederation of the Cinque Ports for particular naval expeditions during particular campaigns of the Kingdom of England from 1260 to 1558.

The fleet was commanded by the Admiral of the Fleet of the Cinque Ports also known as the Admiral-in-Chief of the Fleet.[1]

History

The Cinque Port Fleet was a collective of ships owned by the Confederation of the Cinque Ports that was commanded by the Warden of the Cinque Ports later called the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, he was one of the Wardens of the Coast during the middle ages. It was one of two naval forces that could be drawn upon by the Monarch of England during times of crisis during middle ages. The cinque port fleet was not owned by the King therefore he had to avail of the services of the cinque ports in return for payment. However it was regarded as the the primary Royal Fleet of maritime England until at least the beginning of the 15th century.[2] In addition there was a second smaller naval force available to the monarch consisting of ships directly owned by him known as the King’s Ships or the Royal Squadron.[3]

In command

Admiral of the Cinque Port Fleet

Incomplete list of post holders:[4]

  1. 1300, Admiral, Gervase Alard.[5]
  2. 1306, Admiral, Gervase Alard.[6]
  3. 1314. Admiral, Sir William de Creye.[7]
  4. 1316-1317, Admiral, Sir Nicholas Kyriel.[8]
  5. 1322-1323, Admiral, Sir Robert Battayle.[9]
  6. 1332, Admiral, Sir Waresius de Valoignes.[10]
  7. 1333-1335, Admiral, Sir William Clinton.[11]
  8. 1335-1336, Admirals, Sir John Cobham and Sir Peter Bard. (joint).[12]
  9. 1340-1343 Admiral, William Clinton, Earl of Huntingdon.[13]
  10. 1343. Admiral, Sir Walter Manny.[14]

References

  1. Clowes, Sir William Laird (1897). "Military History: 1154 to 1399". The Royal Navy: A History From the Earliest Times to the Present. Vol. I. London: Sampson Low, Marston and Company. p. 218.
  2. O'Neill, Sean (3 April 2002). "Cinque ports mourn the loss of a cherished Lord Warden". The Daily Telegraph Newspaper. London, England. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  3. Rose, Susan (2013). England's Medieval Navy 1066-1509: Ships, Men & Warfare. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. p. 45. ISBN 9781848321373.
  4. Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities: Containing Lists of the Official Personages of the British Empire ... from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time ... Together with the Sovereigns and Rulers of Europe, from the Foundation of Their Respective States; the Peerage of England and Great Britain ... London: Longmans, Brown, Green and Longmans. pp. 152–153.
  5. Haydn. pp.152-153.
  6. Clowes, Sir William Laird (1897). "Military History: 1154 to 1399". The Royal Navy: A History From the Earliest Times to the Present. Vol. I. London: Sampson Low, Marston and Company. p. 213.
  7. Clowes. p.218.
  8. Haydn. pp.152-153.
  9. Clowes. p.224.
  10. Clowes. p.231.
  11. Haydn. pp.152-153.
  12. Haydn. pp.152-153.
  13. Clowes. p.249.
  14. Clowes. p.259.

Bibliography

  1. Clowes, Sir William Laird (1897). The Royal Navy: A History From the Earliest Times to the Present. Vol. I. London: Sampson Low, Marston and Company.
  2. Haydn, Joseph (1851). The Book of Dignities: Containing Lists of the Official Personages of the British Empire ... from the Earliest Periods to the Present Time ... Together with the Sovereigns and Rulers of Europe, from the Foundation of Their Respective States; the Peerage of England and Great Britain ... London: Longmans, Brown, Green and Longmans.
  3. O'Neill, Sean (3 April 2002). "Cinque ports mourn the loss of a cherished Lord Warden". The Daily Telegraph Newspaper. London, England. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  4. Rose, Susan (2013). England's Medieval Navy 1066-1509: Ships, Men & Warfare. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781848321373.