China Squadron

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China Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1831-1941
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Part ofEast Indies and China Station
(1831-1865)
China Station
(1865-1941)
Garrison/HQRN Base, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

The China Squadron [1] was a naval formation of constituent ships assigned to the East Indies and China Station that was established in 1831. In 1865 the East Indies and China Station was divided into two independent naval commands, this squadron then became the main formation of the China Station until 1941 when it was abolished.

History

Ships of the British China Squadron in Hong Kong Harbour on 1 January 1935.

In 1831 it the East Indies Station was renamed the East Indies and China Station and a new China Squadron was formally constituted to operate and cover the waters off the coast of mainland China. Whilst the East Indies Squadron covered the waters in the Indian Ocean. In 1865 East Indies and China Station was divided into two independent naval commands, this squadron was then the main formation of the China Station until 1941. In October, 1941 the ships of both the China Squadron and East Indies Squadron were amalgamated to create the Eastern Fleet.

Component Formations

5th Cruiser Squadron 1939 1941
5th Light Cruiser Squadron 1919 1939
8th Destroyer Flotilla 1927 1939
21st Destroyer Flotilla 1939 1939
4th Submarine Flotilla 1919 1941
2nd Minesweeper Flotilla 1939 1941
2nd Motor Torpedo Boat Flotilla 1939 1941
Hong Kong Local Defence Flotilla 1939 1941
West River Flotilla 1914 1941
Upper Yangtse Flotilla 1914 1940
Lower Yangtse Flotilla 1914 1940

References

  1. Kennedy, Greg (2004). British Naval Strategy East of Suez, 1900-2000: Influences and Actions. Oxford, England.: Routledge. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-135-76967-3.