Chief Minister of England

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Office of the Chief Minister of England
Coat of Arms Government of the Kingdom of England 1702 to 1707.png
Coat of Arms Government of the Kingdom of England 1702 to 1707
Department of the Admiralty
Member ofBoard of Admiralty
Reports toFirst Sea Lord
NominatorFirst Lord of the Admiralty
AppointerMonarch
Subject to formal approval by the Queen-in-Council
Term lengthNot Fixed
Inaugural holderÆthelstan Half-King
Formation940-1707

The office of Chief Minister of England was established in 940. The office holder was Head of Government of the Kingdom of England until May 1707 when it was superseded by the Chief Minister of Great Britain.

History

The office of Chief Minister of England was originally created in 940. The office holder presided over the English Government until May 1707 following the Act of Union between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland thus creating the Kingdom of Great Britain. This office was then superseded by the Chief Minister of Great Britain. In 1721 the office was renamed Prime Minister of Great Britain. The position of chief minister was given to the various personages at the pleasure of the monarch, usually with said monarch's permission, prior to the government under Robert Walpole as Prime Minister in 1721. The "chief ministership", while usually held by a single person was sometimes held jointly.

Office Holders

  1. 940–957: Athelstan Half-King.
  2. 946–955: Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury.
  3. 959–978: Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury.
  4. 1022–1051: Godwin, Earl of Wessex.
  5. 1053–1066: Harold, Earl of Wessex.
  6. 1068–1080: Odo, Earl of Kent.
  7. 1070–1089: Lanfranc, Archbishop of Canterbury.
  8. 1094–1100: Ranulf Flambard, Bishop of Durham.
  9. 1100–1139: Roger, Bishop of Salisbury.
  10. 1155–1162: Thomas à Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury.
  11. 1189–1199: William de Longchamp.
  12. 1214–1219: William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke; Regent of England.
  13. 1219–1232: Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent, Regent of England.
  14. 1263–1265: Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.
  15. 1274–1292: Robert Burnell, Bishop of Bath and Wells.
  16. 1309–1311: Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall.
  17. 1327–1330: Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, Regent of England.
  18. 1327–1330: Queen Isabella of France, Regent of England, (de facto).
  19. 1327–1330: Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, Regent of England, (de jure).
  20. 1330–1340: John de Stratford, Archbishop of Canterbury.
  21. 1367–1371: William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester.
  22. 1389–1391: William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester.
  23. 1413–1417: Henry Beaufort, Cardinal, Bishop of Winchester.
  24. 1422–1435: John, Duke of Bedford, Regent of England.
  25. 1422–1437: Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, Regent of England.
  26. 1424–1427: Henry Beaufort, Cardinal, Bishop of Winchester.
  27. 1432–1447: Henry Beaufort, Cardinal, Bishop of Winchester.
  28. 1447–1450: William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk
  29. 1454-1455: Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York
  30. 14551456: Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, Protector (Regent of England) for King Henry VI
  31. 1470–1471: Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.
  32. 1475–1483: Thomas Rotherham, Archbishop of York.
  33. 1483 April-June: Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester.
  34. 1485–1505: Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby.
  35. 1505–1509: Sir Richard Empson and Edmund Dudley, (jointly).
  36. 1514–1529: Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York.
  37. 1529–1532: Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex.
  38. 1540–1546: Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk.
  39. 1547–1549: Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset.
  40. 1549–1553 John Dudley, 1st Earl of Warwick (later 1st Duke of Northumberland from 1551).
  41. 1553–1555: Stephen Gardiner, Bishop of Winchester.
  42. 1555–1558: Cardinal Reginald Pole, Archbishop of Canterbury.
  43. 1558–1572: William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester.
  44. 1572–1598: William Cecil, 1st Baron (Lord) Burghley.
  45. 1599–1603: Thomas Sackville, 1st Baron Buckhurst.
  46. 1603-1612: Robert Cecil, Baron Cecil, (then from 1605 1st Earl of Salisbury).
  47. 1612-1614: Henry Howard, 1st Earl of Northampton.
  48. 1614-1615: Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset.
  49. 1617-1621: Francis Bacon, Baron Verulam.
  50. 1621-1628: George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham.
  51. 1628-1634/35: Richard Weston, Baron Weston, (then from 1633 1st Earl of Portland).
  52. 1640-1641: Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford.
  53. 1641-1642: Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey.
  54. 1642-1646: Prince Rupert, Count Palatine of the Rhine.
  55. 1660-1667: Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon.
  56. 1667-1674: Thomas Clifford, 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh and Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington and George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury and John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale (jointly known as the CABAL)
  57. 1674-1679: Thomas Osborne, 1st Marquess of Carmathen. (later 1st Duke of Leeds)
  58. 1679, April-November, Sir William Temple, 1st Baronet (as chair of the Privy Council of England).
  59. 1679-1687: Laurence Hyde, 1st Earl of Rochester and Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin and Robert Spencer, 2nd Earl of Sunderland, (jointly).
  60. 1689-1690: Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds and George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, (jointly).
  61. 1690-1695: Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds.
  62. 1702-1707: Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin and John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, (jointly).

Footnotes