Channel Squadron (Navy Royal)
Flag of the Navy Royal 1485 to 1603
|Country||Kingdom of England|
|Role||Cruising, and Patroling|
|Part of||Royal Navy|
|Garrison/HQ||Portsmouth, Hampshire, England|
Plymouth, Devon, England
|First||Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Howard|
|Last||Rear-Admiral, Sir Robert Mansell|
|Vice-Admiral, Sir William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham|
Vice-Admiral Sir Francis Drake
The Channel Squadron  also referred to as the Western Squadron  (1512-1601) was a series of temporary naval formations first formed in under the Navy Royal during the sixteenth century, then later the Parliamentary Navy in the mid-17th century and again at the start of the 18th century as part of the Royal Navy.
The squadron was usually commanded by the Vice-Admiral in the Channel.
Initially the English Navy had organized its fleet into sub-commands namely squadrons from at least 1205. and certainly during the 16th century. A channel squadron was operating out of Portsmouth from around 1523. By 1560 The Navy Royal had four functioning squadrons one in the Channel (Western), and the Irish Sea, Narrow Seas (Eastern) and another in the North Sea.. During the Spanish Armada campaign a detached Western squadron was reassigned from the main English Fleet and sent to Plymouth under the command of Vice-Admiral Sir Francis Drake. From 1509 until 1603 Vice-Admirals commanding particular fleets or squadrons were styled so as to denote he they were junior to the Lord Admiral of England these flag officers were formally appointed by the crown.
Vice-Admiral in the Channel
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