British Armed Forces
|British Armed Forces|
|HM's British Armed Forces|
|Branch|| Royal Navy|
Royal Air Force
|Part of||Ministry of Defence|
|Commander-in-Chief, British Armed Forces||HM Queen Elizabeth II|
|Commander of the British Armed Forces (de facto)||Rt. Hon. Boris Johnson MP|
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
|Secretary of State for Defence||Rt. Hon. Ben Wallace MP|
|Chief of the Defence Staff||General Sir Nick Carter|
The British Armed Forces, also known as HM's British Armed Forces, are the military services responsible for the defence of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, its overseas territories and the Crown dependencies. They also promote Britain's wider interests, support international peacekeeping efforts and provide humanitarian aid. Currently the armed forces consist of 275,660 military personnel and has an annual budget of $55.1 Billion USD (2019).
The Act of Union (1707) unified the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland to created the Kingdom of Great Britain (later succeeded by the United Kingdom), the former English Armed Forces (927-1707) and Scottish Armed Forces (1306-1707) were amalgamated to create the British Armed Forces. Since then the armed forces have seen action in a number of major wars involving the world's great powers, including the Seven Years' War, the Napoleonic Wars, the Crimean War, the First World War, and the Second World War. Repeatedly emerging victorious from conflicts has allowed Britain to establish itself as one of the world's leading military and economic powers. The United Kingdom tested its first nuclear weapon in Operation Hurricane in 1952. As of 2019, Britain is one of the five recognised Nuclear Powers. It has around 225 nuclear warheads. The United Kingdom's nuclear arsenal is controlled by the Royal Navy.
Today, the British Armed Forces consist of the:
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom and part of the British Armed Force. It was founded in 1707 it succeeded the earlier English Army (1660-1707). As of 2019, the British Army comprises just over 79,300 trained regular personnel and just over 27,200 trained reserve personnel.
HM Naval Service is the primary naval force of the United Kingdom. It is the oldest part of the British armed forces dating from 1545 and is known as the "Senior Service". It consists of five operational and support branches including the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines, the Naval Careers Service, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and the Marine Services.
Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force, is the primary aviation force of the United Kingdom and youngest component of the British Armed forces founded in 1917. It is a technologically sophisticated air force with a diverse operational fleet consisting of both fixed-wing and rotary aircraft. The British Armed Forces include standing forces, Regular Reserve, Volunteer Reserve.
|1||Total Military Budget||$55.1 Billion USD pa.|
|1||Total Military Personnel||275,660|
|3||Special Mission Aircraft||28|
|1||Total Land Equipment||832|
|1||Total Ships Combat & Support||102|
|3||Guided Missile Destroyers||6|
|5||Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarines||4|
|6||Nuclear Attack Submarines||6|
|8||Mine Warfare Ships||13|
|9||Aviation Training Ships||1|
|11||Landing Dock Ships||3|
|12||Multi Role Ships||1|
|13||Fleet Replenishment Ships||1|
|1||Total Nuclear/Missile Weapons||225|
|2||Submarine Launched Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiles||225|
|1||Total Cruise Missiles||214|
|2||Tomahawk Land Attack Cruise Missiles||65|
|3||Harpoon Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles||65|
|4||Scalp Air Launched Cruise Missiles||84|
|1||Major Ports & Terminals||16|
|1||Merchant Navy Ships||1570|
|3||Railway Network||16,454 km|
|4||Road Network||394,428 km|
- "2020 United Kingdom Military Strength". globalfirepower.com. Global Fire Power. 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.