Adriatic Squadron

From Naval History Archive
(Redirected from British Adriatic Squadron)
Jump to navigationJump to search
Adriatic Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1915-1917
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeSquadron
Part ofMediterranean Station (1915-1917)
Garrison/HQTaranto
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Rear-Admiral Sir Cecil F. Thursby

The Adriatic Squadron and later known as the British Adriatic Force, was a subcommand of the Mediterranean Fleet during World War I based at Taranto from 1915 to 1917.

History

In May 1915 Italy entered the war aligning itself with allied powers against the central powers however due to a lack of cooperation and coordination with French Naval Command by the Italians the British decided to enforce an allied agreement by establishing a British Adriatic Squadron to be based at Taranto.[1] Between July and September 1917 a new reporting structure within Mediterranean Command took place following coordination between other allied powers. Britain's scope of geographic responsibility to include new sub commands would encompass the Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, Coast of Egypt, Gibraltar and the waters around Malta.[2]. Following command changes in August 1917 the squadron was downgraded to that of a naval force and renamed British Adriatic Force.[3]

The naval formation was commanded by the Rear-Admiral Commanding, British Adriatic Squadron.

In Command

See Main Article: Rear-Admiral Commanding, British Adriatic Squadron.

Composition of Squadron by Date

Included:[4]

June 1915
Unit/s No Notes/Ref
Battleships 4 [5]
Cruisers 3 [6]
10 ships
September 1915
Unit/s No Notes/Ref
Battleships 5 [7]
Cruisers 7 [8]
Submarines 3 [9]
10 ships
January 1916
Unit/s No Notes/Ref
Battleships 3 [10]
Cruisers 5 [11]
Submarines 5 [12]
13 ships
May 1916
Unit/s No Notes/Ref
Battleships 5 [13]
Cruisers 5 [14]
Submarines 10 [15]
20 ships
January 1917
Unit/s No Notes/Ref
Battleships 4 [16]
Cruisers 4 [17]
Destroyers 4 [18]
Submarines 2 [19]
14 ships

Footnotes

  1. Sondhaus, Lawrence (2014). The Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 268. ISBN 9781107036901.
  2. Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, World War One 1914-1918:THE MEDITERRANEAN". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  3. Sondhaus, Lawrence (2014). The Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 268. ISBN 9781107036901.
  4. Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Organisation of the Royal Navy 1914 to 1918". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  5. Watson.
  6. Watson.
  7. Watson.
  8. Watson.
  9. Watson.
  10. Watson.
  11. Watson.
  12. Watson.
  13. Watson.
  14. Watson.
  15. Watson.
  16. Watson.
  17. Watson.
  18. Watson.
  19. Watson.

Bibliography

  • Halpern, Paul G. (2004). The Battle of the Otranto Straits: Controlling the Gateway to the Adriatic in World War I. Bloomington, Indiana USA: Indiana University Press. ISBN 025311019X.
  • Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (2015). "Adriatic Squadron (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell.
  • Marder, Arthur J. (2014). "2:Offensive in the Adriatic". From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow[electronic resource] (revised ed.). Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 1473841887.
  • Sondhaus, Lawrence (2014). The Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107036901.
  • Watson, Dr Graham (2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, World War One 1914-1918:THE MEDITERRANEAN". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith.