British Adriatic Force

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British Adriatic Force
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1917-1919
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeForce
Part ofMediterranean Station (1917-1919)
Garrison/HQTaranto
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Commodore Sir Howard Kelly

The British Adriatic Force was established in August 1917 when the former British Adriatic Squadron was downgraded to the status of a naval force. It was a subcommand of the Mediterranean Station during World War I based at Taranto from 1915–19.

Command of the force was vested in the Commodore Commanding, British Adriatic Force.

History

In May 1915 Italy entered the war aligning itself with allied powers against the central powers however due to a lack of cooperation and coordination with French Naval Command by the Italians the British decided to enforce an allied agreement by establishing a British Adriatic Squadron to be based at Taranto.[1] Between July and September 1917 a new reporting structure within Mediterranean Command took place following coordination between other allied powers. Britain's scope of geographic responsibility to include new sub commands would encompass the Adriatic Sea, Aegean Sea, Coast of Egypt, Gibraltar and the waters around Malta.[2]. Following command changes in the distribution of naval units allocated to the Adriatic Squadron in August 1917 the squadron was downgraded and renamed British Adriatic Force.[3] The force continued to operate until 1919 when it was disbanded,

In Command

See main article:Commodore Commanding, British Adriatic Force

Composition of the Force by Date

Included:[4]

September 1917
Unit/s No Notes/Ref
Battleships 1 [5]
Cruisers 6 [6]
Monitors 2 [7]
Submarines 3 [8]
12 ships
April 1918
Unit/s No Notes/Ref
Battleships 1 [9]
8th Light Cruiser Squadron 4 [10]
Monitors 2 [11]
Sea Plane Carriers 1 [12]
Submarines 6 [13]
14 ships
December 1918
Unit/s No Notes/Ref
Battleships 1 [14]
8th Light Cruiser Squadron 6 [15]
Monitors 2 [16]
12th Sloop Flotilla 2 [17]
11 ships

Footnotes

  1. Sondhaus, Lawrence (2014). The Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 268. ISBN 9781107036901.
  2. Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, World War One 1914-1918:THE MEDITERRANEAN". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  3. Sondhaus, Lawrence (2014). The Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 268. ISBN 9781107036901.
  4. Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Organisation of the Royal Navy 1914 to 1918". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
  5. Watson.
  6. Watson.
  7. Watson.
  8. Watson.
  9. Watson.
  10. Watson.
  11. Watson.
  12. Watson.
  13. Watson.
  14. Watson.
  15. Watson.
  16. Watson.
  17. Watson.

Bibliography

  • Halpern, Paul G. (2004). The Battle of the Otranto Straits: Controlling the Gateway to the Adriatic in World War I. Bloomington, Indiana USA: Indiana University Press. ISBN 025311019X.
  • Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (2015). "Adriatic Squadron (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell.
  • Marder, Arthur J. (2014). "2:Offensive in the Adriatic". From the Dreadnought to Scapa Flow[electronic resource] (revised ed.). Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 1473841887.
  • Sondhaus, Lawrence (2014). The Great War at Sea: A Naval History of the First World War. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107036901.
  • Watson, Dr Graham (2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, World War One 1914-1918:THE MEDITERRANEAN". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith.