Bordeaux

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Bordeaux
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1918-1919
CountryFlag of France 1794 to 1815 and 1830 to 1958.png France
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeStation
Garrison/HQRN Base, Bordeaux, France

Bordeaux was a naval base and command of the British Royal Navy created in 1918 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy administered its worldwide responsibilities. It was defined so by the Department of Admiralty to identify the area jurisdiction of the Naval Transport Officer in Charge, Bordeaux and existed until 1919.[1]

History

View of the Port of Bordeaux circa 1900 to 1920

The 18th century saw another golden age of Bordeaux. Originally called the Port of the Moon, Bordeaux supplied the majority of Europe with coffee, cocoa, sugar, cotton and indigo, becoming France's busiest port and the second busiest port in the world after London. Towards the end of the Peninsula war on 12 March 1814, the Duke of Wellington sent William Beresford with two divisions and seized Bordeaux encountering little resistance. Bordeaux was largely anti-Bonapartist and the majority supported the Bourbons, so the British troops were treated as liberators.

During World War II, Bordeaux fell under German Occupation. In May and June 1940, Bordeaux was the site of the life-saving actions of the Portuguese consul-general, Aristides de Sousa Mendes, who illegally granted thousands of Portuguese visas, which were needed to pass the Spanish border, to refugees fleeing the German Occupation. From 1941 to 1943, the Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina) established BETASOM, a submarine base at Bordeaux. Italian submarines participated in the Battle of the Atlantic from this base, which was also a major base for German U-boats as headquarters of 12th U-boat Flotilla. The massive, reinforced concrete U-boat pens have proved impractical to demolish and are now partly used as a cultural center for exhibition.

In Command

Naval Transport Officer in Charge, Bordeaux

Naval Transport Officer in Charge, Bordeaux
Rank Insig Name Term
1 Captain RN Captain Rank Insignia.png Herbert Algernon Adam 5 August, 1918 – 2 April, 1919.(retd).[1]

Location

Bordeaux is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde in South Western France.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (21 August 2018). "Bordeaux - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. England: Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 14 July 2020.