Black Sea and Caspian Squadron

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Black Sea and Caspian Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
ActiveDecember 1918
DisbandedSeptember 1919
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Part ofMediterranean Station
Flag ShipHMS Emperor of India
Commanders
FirstRear-Admiral Sir Michael Culme-Seymour
LastRear-Admiral Sir Michael Culme-Seymour

The Black Sea and Caspian Squadron [1] also known as the Black Sea and Marmora Force and the Black Sea and Marmora Division [2] was naval formation of the British Mediterranean Fleet from 1918 to 1919.

History

On 19 December 1918 the Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean Station instructed Rear-Admiral Michael Culme-Seymour then commanding British Aegean Squadron that he was to be re-assigned to a new command appointment. On 1 January he transferred his current command to Commodore Maurice Fitzmaurice and assumed authority for the Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Sea of Azov and Sea of Marmora.[3]. The squadron was involved in Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War during later part of world war one. In January 1919 Rear Admiral Seymour was promoted to Vice-Admiral appointed Second-in-Command, Mediterranean Station the squadron was then disbanded. The squadrons flagship was HMS Emperor of India.[4]

A component of the squadron was the British Caspian Flotilla.

In Command

Rear-Admiral Commanding, Black Sea and Sea of Marmora

Post holders included:

Rear-Admiral Commanding, Black Sea and Sea of Marmora
Rank Flag Name Term
1 Rear-Admiral Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Michael Culme-Seymour 1 January – October 1919 [5]

Components

As of December 1918 included:[6]

# units notes
3 Battleships
7 Cruisers
3 Sea Plane Carriers
7 Monitors
8 Destroyers from 5th Destroyer Flotilla
6 Sloops
1 British Caspian Flotilla

Bases and Shore Establishments

Unit From To Ref
Constantinople 1918 1919

References

  1. Halpern, Paul (2016). The Mediterranean Fleet, 1919–1929. Cambridge England: Routledge. p. 19. ISBN 9781317024163.
  2. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (5 September 2018). "H.M.S. Heliotrope (1915) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  3. Halpern, Paul (2016). The Mediterranean Fleet, 1919–1929. Cambridge England: Routledge. p. 19. ISBN 9781317024163.
  4. Admiralty, Great Britain (October 1919). "Flag Officers in Commission". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office. p. 697.
  5. Admiralty, Great Britain (October 1919). "Flag Officers in Commission". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office. p. 697.
  6. Watson, Dr Graham (27 October 2015). "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918: Mediterranean Fleet". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith. Retrieved 6 June 2020.