Battle of Boroughbridge
|Battle of Boroughbridge|
|Part of Despenser War|
|Royal Forces||Baronial Forces|
|Commanders and leaders|
Sir Andrew Harclay|
Sir John Peche
Earl Thomas of LancasterTemplate:Surrendered|
Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford
Baron Roger Clifford
|c. 4,000||c. 1,000|
|Casualties and losses|
The Battle of Boroughbridge was fought on 16 March 1322 in England between a group of rebellious barons and King Edward II, near Boroughbridge, north-west of York. The culmination of a long period of antagonism between the King and Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, his most powerful subject, it resulted in Lancaster's defeat and execution. This allowed Edward to re-establish royal authority, and hold on to power for another five years.
Not in itself a part of the Wars of Scottish Independence, the battle is significant for its employment of tactics learned in the Scottish wars in a domestic, English conflict. Both the extensive use of foot soldiers rather than cavalry, and the heavy impact caused by the longbow, represented significant steps in military developments.