Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station

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Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station
Royal Navy Red Ensign 1750 to 1799.gif
Red Ensign of the last station commander
Active1743–1772
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeStation
Part ofRoyal Navy
Garrison/HQNelson's Dockyard

The Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station [1][2] was a major naval command of the British Royal Navy headquartered at English Harbour, Antigua, West Indies.[3] from 1743[4] to 1772 when it was replaced by the Leeward Islands Station.

The station was commanded by the Commander-in-Chief, Barbadoes and Leeward Islands.

History

The Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station was established as an independent station in 1743, with naval bases at Antigua and Barbados, which were vital for refitting and supplying British ships with water and supplies and Antigua served as the headquarters of first the Commander in Chief Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station which was the British navy's important base in the Eastern Caribbean area during the Napoleonic Wars The three most strategically important islands the British utilized on the Leeward Islands Station were Antigua, Barbados and St. Lucia and these were the islands they used as naval bases.[5] The Station, was formed in October 1743 [6] as a separate command to the older Jamaica Station[4] to contribute to a permanent British naval presence in the area to protect Britain's sugar producing islands and its convoys. During the Seven Years' War a number of large scale naval actions were conducted by the Royal Navy from this Caribbean base, one of its major engagements was the Battle of the Saintes. The station was in existence from 1743 to 1772 when a change in area command resulted in it being replaced by the Leeward Islands Station.

In Command

Components

Naval Facilities

Unit From To Ref
Antigua Dockyard 1725 1882
Barbados Dockyard 1718 1905
Royal Naval Sick and Hurt Quarters Barbados 1740 1761 [7]
Royal Naval Hospital Barbados 1761 1882
Royal Naval Hospital, Antigua 1763 1825

References

  1. Harrison, Simon. "Commander-in-Chief at Barbados & the Leeward Islands". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 1 October 2018. Commission and Warrant Books, 1744 to 1773, ADM 6/17-20, National Archives UK
  2. Richmond, Herbert W. (Herbert William) (1920). "Squadrons in the Plantations:B. Barbados and Leewards Islands Stationed Ships". The Navy in the war of 1739-48. Cambridge, England: Cambridge : The University Press. p. 243.
  3. Ward, Geoff. "Nowhere is Perfect: British Naval Centres on the Leeward Islands Station during the Eighteenth Century" (PDF). fieldresearchcentre.weebly.com. University of the West Indies, pp.1, 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Sanderson, Michael. "English naval strategy and maritime trade in the Caribbean, 1793 to 1802 Original November 1968" (PDF). kcl.ac.uk. Kings College London, University of London, pp. 5, 18 November 2016. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  5. Ward p.1
  6. Brietowe Sanderson., Michael W. (November 1968). "Thesis: English naval strategy and maritime trade in the Caribbrean, 1793 - 1802" (PDF). core.ac.uk. Kings College London. p. 5. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  7. Convertito, Coriann. "The Health of British Seamen in the West Indies, 1770 - 1806: Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Maritime History" (PDF). semanticscholar.org. University of Exeter. p. 223. Retrieved 6 August 2019.

Bibliography

  1. Brietowe Sanderson., Michael W. (November 1968). "Thesis: English naval strategy and maritime trade in the Caribbrean, 1793 - 1802" (PDF). core.ac.uk. Kings College London. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  2. Harrison, Simon. "Commander-in-Chief at Barbados & the Leeward Islands". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 1 October 2018. Commission and Warrant Books, 1744 to 1773, ADM 6/17-20, National Archives UK
  3. Richmond, Herbert W. (Herbert William) (1920). "Squadrons in the Plantations:B. Barbados and Leewards Islands Stationed Ships". The Navy in the war of 1739-48. Cambridge, England: Cambridge : The University Press.
  4. Sanderson, Michael. (2016). "English naval strategy and maritime trade in the Caribbean, 1793 to 1802 Original November 1968" (PDF). kcl.ac.uk. Kings College London, University of London, Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  5. Ward, Geoff. (2011). "Nowhere is Perfect: British Naval Centres on the Leeward Islands Station during the Eighteenth Century" (PDF). fieldresearchcentre.weebly.com. University of the West Indies, Retrieved 17 November 2016.