Australia Division

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Australia Division
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1848-1859
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeDivision
Part ofEast Indies Station
Garrison/HQRN Base, Sydney, Australia

The Australia Division was a naval formation of constituent ships assigned to the East Indies Station, that was established in 1848. It was based at Sydney, Australia until 1858. In 1859 the an independent naval command was established by the British Admiralty, the Australia Station this formation was then renamed the Australian Squadron.[1]

History

In the years following the establishment of the British Colony New South Wales in 1788, Royal Navy ships stationed in Australian waters formed part of the East Indies Squadron and came under the command of the East Indies Station. From the 1820's, a ship was sent annually to New South Wales, and occasionally to New Zealand.[1] In 1848, an Australian Division of the East Indies Station was established, its role was to protect protect the Australian colonies and the Western Pacific area until 1858.[1]

In 1859 the British Admiralty decided to establish an independent command, the Australia Station, under the command of a Commodore who was assigned as Commander-in-Chief, Australia Station.[2] The Australian Squadron was then created to which British naval ships serving on the Australia Station were assigned.[3] The changes were partially in recognition of the fact that a large part of the East Indies Station had been detached to Australian waters, and also reflecting growing concern for the strategic situation in the western Pacific in general.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lawrence, David Russell (2014). The Naturalist and His 'beautiful Islands': Charles Morris Woodford in the Western Pacific. Canberra, Australia.: ANU Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-925022-02-5.
  2. Dennis, Peter; Grey, Jeffrey; Morris, Ewan; Prior, Robin (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2nd ed.). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2
  3. Dennis, Peter; Grey, Jeffrey; Morris, Ewan; Prior, Robin (2008). The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2nd ed.). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-19-551784-2