Ascension

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Ascension
HMS Ascension
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1815–1922
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeStation
Part ofWest Coast of Africa Station
(1819-1831),(1841-1857)
Cape of Good Hope and West Coast of Africa Station
(1857-1865), (1867-1903)
Cape of Good Hope Station
(1903-1919)
Africa Station
(1920-1922)
Garrison/HQRN Base, Ascension
Georgetown
Ascension Island

Ascension was a naval command of the British Royal Navy its headquarters were on Ascension Island, in the South Atlantic. The station was commanded by the Commandant, Ascension. [1]

History

Map showing location of Ascension Island

In 1815 the Royal navy established a naval garrison on Ascension Island at the end of the Napoleonic Wars. By 1821 a Victualling Station was established. [2] In 1823 the Royal Marines assumed command of the station.[3] During the nineteenth century, the Royal Navy used the station for its ships involved in anti-slave trade operations.[4] Ascension Island was under direct control of the Board of Admiralty until 1923.[5]

The naval base and shore establishment was known as “HMS Ascension”.[6] It was in operation from 1816 to 1923.[7]


In Command

Naval Officer, Ascension

Royal Navy

  1. James Kearney White, (1815-1816)
  2. William Roberts, (1816-1817)
  3. Robert Campbell, (1819-1823)
  4. James Thorn, (1817-1819)

Commandant, Ascension

Royal Marines

  1. Edward Nicolls, (1823-1828)
  2. William Bate, (1828-1838)
  3. Hugh Evans, (1838-1839)
  4. Roger Sawrey Tinklar, (1839-1840)
  5. J. Wade September. (1840-1840)
  6. W. Lee December, (1840-1841)
  7. H. Bennett, (1841)
  8. W. Lee, (1841-1842)
  9. Thomas Peard Dwyer, (1842-1844)
  10. T. C. C. Moore, (January-May 1844)
  11. J. Fraser, (May-October 1844)
  12. Arthur Fleming Morrel, (1844-1847)
  13. Frederick Hutton, (1847-1851)
  14. William Hewgill Kitchen, (1851-1855)
  15. George Alexander Seymour, (1855-1858)
  16. William Farquharson Burnett, (1858-1861)
  17. Frederick Lamport Barnard, (1861-1864)
  18. Joseph Grant Bickford, (March-June 1864)
  19. F. Hammond, (1864-1866)
  20. Walter James Hunt-Grubbe, (1866-1867)
  21. Arthur Wilmshurst, (1867-1868)
  22. R. W. Evans, (1869)
  23. E. F. Kirby, (1869-1872)
  24. John Brazier Creagh, (1872-1874)
  25. J. W. East, (1874- 1877)
  26. H. B. Phillimore, (1877-1878)
  27. Arthur George Robertson Roe, (1878-1882)
  28. George Parsons, (1882-1886)
  29. Richard Henry Napier, (1886-1890)
  30. R. Evans, (1890-1893)
  31. J. G. Jones, (1893-1896)
  32. J. E. Blaxland May, (1896-1899)
  33. C. N. A. Pochard, (1899-1902)
  34. Robert K. McAlpine, (1902-1905)
  35. R. H. Morgan, (1905-1908)
  36. J. Dunstan, (1908-1910)
  37. G. Carpenter, (1910-1913)
  38. H. C. Bennett, (1913-1919)
  39. H. G. Grant, (1919-1920)
  40. C. A. Tennyson, (1920-1922)

Components under this Command

Naval Forces

Unit From To Ref
Preventative Squadron 1819 1869 previously called the West Africa Squadron

Naval Establishments & Facilities

Unit From To Ref
Ascension Dockyard 1816 1922
Ascension Coaling Station 1870 1914
Royal Naval Hospital, Ascension 1831 1922
Victualling Yard, Ascension 1818 1922

References

  1. Admiralty, Great Britain (December 1919). "Other Senior Naval Officers or Officers in Charge at Ports Abroad". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office. p. 700.
  2. "History – Ascension Island Government". ascension-island.gov.ac. Ascension Islands Government. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  3. Admiralty, Great Britain (December 1919). "Other Senior Naval Officers or Officers in Charge at Ports Abroad". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office. p. 700.
  4. Tossini, J. Vitor (27 July 2018). "Ascension Island and Britain's presence in the South Atlantic". ukdefencejournal.org.uk. UK Defence Journal. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  5. Blethen Levy, Dianne A. (2017). "Saint Helena, Ascension, Tristan da Cunha. The Maritime Heritage Project. Sea Captains, Ships, Merchant Marines, Merchandise, Migrations". www.maritimeheritage.org. California United States: Maritime Heritage. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  6. "History – Ascension Island Government". ascension-island.gov.ac. Ascension Islands Government. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  7. "Naval Shore Establishments". nmrn.org.uk. Portsmouth England: National Museum Royal Navy. 2018. Retrieved 19 October 2018.