Archangel

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Archangel
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1916-1919
CountryFlag of Russia 1914 to 1917.png Russian Empire (1914-1917)‎
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 1918to 1937.png Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1918-1937)
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeStation
Part ofWhite Sea Station
Garrison/HQArchangel, Russian Empire

Archangel [1] was a naval base and command of the British Royal Navy created in 1916 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy administered its worldwide responsibilities. It was defined so by the Department of Admiralty to identify the area jurisdiction of the Senior Naval Officer, Archangel and existed until 1919. The stations headquarters were at Archangel, in the Russian Empire.

For command purposes the Royal Navy was divided into a number of regional, area or local stations, fleets or or other formations, each normally under flag officer or senior naval officer.[2]

History

Port of Archangel in July 1919

The Royal Navy had established a naval station at Archangel in June 1916 under the command of Commodore Thomas Webster Kemp till October 1916 when Kemp was appointed Senior Naval Officer, White Sea. On 8 August 1918 Commodore Richard Hyde was made S.N.O Archangel precipitating the arrival on 30 October 1918 of Rear-Admiral John F. E. Green who then assumed command for the White Sea Station [3] Rear-Admiral Green assisted by his Flag Lieutenant Cuthbert F. B. Bowlby.[4] In 1919 he was replaced by Commodore Richard Hyde as Senior Naval Officer, White Sea and also Senior Naval Officer, Archangel.[5] In 1920 Rear-Admiral Green he was reassigned to the staff of Admiral Sir John de Robeck for duties in the Black Sea Area the station then fell into abeyance.[6]

In Command

Senior Naval Officer, Archangel

Senior Naval Officer, Archangel
Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
1 Commodore, Second Class Commodore 2nd class command flag RN from 1864.png Thomas Webster Kemp 10 June, 1916 – 27 April, 1917 became S.N.O. White Sea.[7]
2 Rear-Admiral Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Thomas Webster Kemp 27 April, 1917 – 8 August, 1918 promoted during post.[8]
3 Commodore, Second Class Commodore 2nd class command flag RN from 1864.png Richard Hyde 8 August 1918 – 1 December 1919 [9]

Logistical Support

Principal Naval Transport Officer, Archangel

Principal Naval Transport Officer, Archangel
Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
1 Commodore, Second Class Commodore 2nd class command flag RN from 1864.png George Parker Bevan ? – November, 1917 [10]

Components of the Station

Naval Formations

References

  1. Admiralty, Great Britain (October 1919). "Flag Officers in Commission". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office. p. 698.
  2. "Records of Stations and Fleets". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Kew, Surrey, England.: National Archives UK. 1702–1969. Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  3. "Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder". The Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder. Shipbuilder Press. 63: 620. October 1956.
  4. Admiralty, Great Britain (October 1919). "Flag Officers in Commission". Navy List. London England: HM Stationery Office. p. 698.
  5. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (23 August 2018). "Archangel - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  6. "Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder". The Shipbuilder and Marine Engine-Builder. Shipbuilder Press. 63: 620. October 1956.
  7. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (23 August 2018). "Archangel - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  8. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (23 August 2018). "Archangel - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  9. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (23 August 2018). "Archangel - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  10. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (23 August 2018). "Archangel - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 October 2018.