Antigua Dockyard

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HM Dockyard, Antigua
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Part of Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station, Leeward Islands Station
English Harbour in Antigua
TypeNaval Dockyard
Site information
OwnerAdmiralty
OperatorRoyal Navy
Controlled byFlag of the Navy Board 1801 to 1832.jpg Navy Board (1728-1832)
Board of Admiralty Flag 19th to early 20th Century.gif Board of Admiralty (1832-1882)
Site history
In use1728-1882
Installation information
Past
commanders
Resident Commissioner Antigua

Antigua Dockyard [1] or formally H.M. Dockyard, Antigua or Antigua Naval Establishment was a Royal Navy naval dockyard located at English Harbour, Antigua, Leeward Islands in the West Indies. It served as the primary shore establishment for both the Barbadoes and Leeward Islands Station then later the Leeward Islands Station. It was in operation from 1728 to 1882.

History

The first naval establishment at English Harbour, Antigua developed in the 1720's at the initiative of the Antigua Assembly, anxious to provide local facilities for the cruisers which protected their trade. In the 1740's and again in the 1770's the yard was expanded and consolidated, and became the principal British naval base of the Leeward Islands and Western Caribbean area, which it remained throughout the sailing era. The yard closed in 1882 and left abandoned until 1951, but has since been restored and is open to the public as a cultural centre and public marina called Nelson's Dockyard.

Administration of the Dockyard (Navy Board)

From 1546 until 1660 all Royal Naval Dockyards were administered by the Council of the Marine. From 1660 were administered by a resident commissioner who supervised the other senior officers of the yard on behalf of the Navy Board in London. By an Order in Council dated 27 June 1832 it transferred administrative control of the dockyards organisation to the Board of Admiralty, and the role of the Resident Commissioner of the Navy was abolished and replaced by either a Captain Superintendent or Commodore Superintendent or Admiral-Superintendent depending on the size of the naval dockyard.[2][3] In 1971 all remaining flag officer's titled as admiral superintendent were renamed Port Admirals.

Resident Commissioner Antigua

  1. 1779-1783 Captain John Laforey. (also commissioner at Barbados Dockyard)
  2. 1803-1807 Captain Charles Lane, (ditto).[4]
  3. 1810-1819 Captain John Mason Lewis, (ditto).[5]

Master Shipwright, Antigua Dockyard

  1. 1758–1759 – William Sloane.[6]
  2. 1759-1760 – Alexander Fall.[7]
  3. 1760-1765 – Andrew Anderson.[8]
  4. 1770-1779 – Andrew Anderson.[9]
  5. 1779-1781 – Alexander Innes.[10]
  6. 1781-1802 – Daniel Scarwell.[11][12]
  7. 1802-1814 – William Lemmon.[13][14]

Master Attendent Antigua Dockyard

  1. 1780 — Alexander Mackay.[15]
  2. 1802-1803 – Thomas Pitt.[16]
  3. 1803-1814 – Charles Cheshire.[17]

Master Sailmaker, Antigua Dockyard

  1. 1779 – Jonathon Ramsay.[18]


Storekeeper Antigua Dockyard

  1. 1745, Roger Paman.[19]
  2. 1807-1814 – Dan B. Dawes.[20]

Naval Officer, Antigua Dockyard

  1. 1745, Warner Tempest.[21]
  2. 1807-1814 – Dan B. Dawes.[22]

Administration (Board of Admiralty)

Clerk in Charge, Antigua Dockyard

  1. 1832-1850 – Joseph N. Hart.[23]
  2. 1867-1875 – A. Vizard Esq.[24]

References

  1. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  2. Writer.), E. MILES (Nautical; Miles, Lawford (1841). An epitome, historical and statistical, descriptive of the Royal Naval Service of England. By E. M., with the assistance of ... L. Miles ... With ... illustrations, etc. Ackermann & Company. p. 88.
  3. Archives, The National. "Navy Board and Admiralty: Yard Pay Books". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives, 1660 to 1857, ADM 42. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  4. Day, John Frederick. (April 2012). British Admiralty Control and Naval Power in the Indian Ocean (1793-1815) (Volume 1 of 2). Thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Maritime History. University of Exeter. p.133.
  5. Admiralty, Great Britain (December 1814). The Navy List. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 132.
  6. Knight, C. (1932). "CARPENTER" MASTER SHIPWRIGHTS". The Mariners Mirror. London: Society for Nautical Research. 18 (4): 411–422. doi:10.1080/00253359.1932.10655674.
  7. Knight. pp.411-422.
  8. Knight. pp.411-422.
  9. Knight. pp.411-422.
  10. Knight. pp.411-422.
  11. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Master Shipwright at Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  12. Knight. pp.411-422.
  13. Benyon, Paul. "Antigua Dockyard". www.pbenyon.plus.com. P. Benyon. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  14. The Navy List. Dec. 1814. p.132.
  15. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Master Attendant at Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  16. Benyon.
  17. The Navy List. Dec. 1814. p.132.
  18. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Master Sailmaker at Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  19. Collinge, J.M. (1978). "Alphabetical list of officials: K-Z British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. University of London. pp. 116–152. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  20. The Navy List. Dec. 1814. p.132.
  21. Harrison, Simon (2010–2020). "Naval Officer at Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. Cy Harrison. Retrieved 27 March 2021.
  22. The Navy List. Dec. 1814. p.132.
  23. Admiralty, British (January 1850). "Officers of HM Dockyards". The Navy List. London: Joseph Allen. p. 263.
  24. Admiralty, British (December 1875). "Dockyards". The Navy List. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 234.

Bibliography

  1. Admiralty, Great Britain (December 1814). The Navy List. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
  2. Admiralty, British (January 1850). "Officers of HM Dockyards". The Navy List. London: Joseph Allen.
  3. Admiralty, British (December 1875). "Dockyards". The Navy List. London: H.M. Stationery Office.
  4. Benyon, Paul. "Antigua Dockyard". www.pbenyon.plus.com. P. Benyon. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  5. Collinge, J.M. (1978). "Alphabetical list of officials: K-Z British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. University of London. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  6. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  7. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Master Shipwright at Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  8. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Master Attendant at Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  9. Harrison, Simon (2010–2018). "Master Sailmaker at Antigua Dockyard". threedecks.org. S. Harrison. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  10. Knight, C. (1932). "CARPENTER" MASTER SHIPWRIGHTS". The Mariners Mirror. London: Society for Nautical Research. 18 (4): 411–422. doi:10.1080/00253359.1932.10655674.