Africa Station

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Africa Station
HMS Amphion (1936-38)
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1920-1939
CountryUnited Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchRoyal Navy
TypeStation
Part ofDepartment of Admiralty
Garrison/HQHM Naval Base, Simonstown
Cape Province
Union of South Africa

The Africa Station was a major naval command area of the Royal Navy established in 1920 as one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities. It was defined so by the Department of Admiralty to identify the area jurisdiction of the Commander-in-Chief, Africa Station. It was active until 1939 when it was superseded by the South Atlantic Station.

History

For strategic reasons the Royal Navy was distributed around the world, separated into various fleets or squadrons and operating from a number of regional stations, also known as commands. The Africa Station was formed as a result of an area of change of command replacing the former Cape of Good Hope Station and West Africa Station. In 1939 a further change of area command resulted in it being abolished and replaced by the South Atlantic Station.

In Command

Commander-in-Chief, Africa Station

Components under this Command

Naval Forces

# Units Active
1. 6th Light Cruiser Squadron 1919-1925.[1]
2. 6th Cruiser Squadron 1925-1939.[2]
3. South African Division 1913–1939.
4. South American Division 1920–1939.
5. Sloops 1925-1939.[3]

Naval Bases & Ports

# Station Active
1. Ascension 1920-1939
2. Durban 1920
2. Simonstown 1920-1939

Naval Shore Establishments

# Name Active
1. Ascension Dockyard 1814 – 1922
2. Simonstown Dockyard 1914 – 1957
3. Royal Naval Hospital, Ascension 1831 – 1922
4. Royal Naval Armaments Depot, Simonstown ?
5. Royal Naval Hospital, Simonstown 1813-1957
6. Royal Naval Ordnance Depot, Simonstown 1900-1920
7. Royal Navy Torpedo Depot, Simonstown ?
8. Victualling Yard, Simonstown 1814 – 1940

References

  1. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1919-1939: Cruiser Deployment 1919-1939". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 2 September 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  2. Watson (2015).
  3. Watson (2015).