Admiralty Torpedo Experimental Establishment

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Torpedo Experimental Establishment
Board of Admiralty Flag 20th Century.png
Agency overview
Formed1942
Preceding
  • Royal Gun Factory, Woolwich
Dissolved1959
JurisdictionUnited Kingdom
HeadquartersGreenock, Scotland
Agency executive
  • Superintendent, Torpedo Experiment and Design

The Admiralty Torpedo Experimental Establishment was a former research department of the British Admiralty from 1943 to 1959. It was responsible for the design, development and production of torpedoes for the Royal Navy. In 1959 its work and staff merged with the Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment. The department was administered by the Superintendent, Torpedo Experiment and Design.[1]

History

Research into the development of torpedoes first occurred during the end of the 19th century. Initially this took place at the Royal Gun Factory, Woolwich. Further research work was then undertaken at the Royal Naval Torpedo Factory, Greenock, Scotland with additional torpedo experimentation being undertaken by a private contractor, the Whitehead Torpedo Company based in Weymouth, Dorset.[2]

In 1937, the Admiralty acquired another factory at Alexandria, Scotland, to boost production. With the advent of World War Two the Whitehead Company barely maintained the production outputs required of them. In 1942 the Admiralty decided to set up an additional department at their factory. Collectively these centers of research and development became known as the Torpedo Experimental Establishment. It continued to operate until 1959 when it was closed. Its work was continued by the newly created Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment (AUWE) based at Portland, Devon, England.[3][4]

The establishment was administered the Superintendent, Torpedo Experiment and Design.[5]

In Command

Superintendent, Torpedo Experiment and Design

Included:[6][7][8]

  1. 1942-1950, Captain F. T. de. M. Morgan. (also Superintendent Royal Naval Torpedo Factory, Greenock)
  2. 1951-1958, Captain H. Turner. (also Superintendent Royal Naval Torpedo Factory, Alexandria)
  3. 1958-1959, Captain G. O. Symonds.[9]

References

  1. Archives, National (1930–1960). "Admiralty: Royal Navy Torpedo Factory and Torpedo Experimental Establishment: Reports and Technical Notes". Richmond, London, England: The National Archives. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  2. National Archives UK
  3. National Archives UK
  4. Commons, House of (8 July 1959). "Torpedo Experimental Establishment, Greenock (Hansard, 8 July 1959)". api.parliament.uk. Hansard. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  5. National Archives UK
  6. Great Britain, Admiralty (October 1945). The Navy List. London, England: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 2301.
  7. Great Britain, Admiralty (July 1946). The Navy List. London, England: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 1829.
  8. Great Britain, Admiralty (April 1956). The Navy List. London, England: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 1312.
  9. Harding, Richard (2002). The Royal Navy 1930-1990: Innovation and Defense. Cambridge, England: Routledge. p. 114. ISBN 9781135753719.

Sources

  1. Archives, National (1930–1960). "Admiralty: Royal Navy Torpedo Factory and Torpedo Experimental Establishment: Reports and Technical Notes". Richmond, London, England: The National Archives.
  2. Commons, House of (1959). "Torpedo Experimental Establishment, Greenock (Hansard, 8 July 1959)". api.parliament.uk. Hansard.
  3. Great Britain, Admiralty (1945). The Navy List. London, England: H.M. Stationery Office.
  4. Great Britain, Admiralty (1946). The Navy List. London, England: H.M. Stationery Office.
  5. Great Britain, Admiralty (1956). The Navy List. London, England: H.M. Stationery Office.
  6. Harding, Richard (2002). The Royal Navy 1930-1990: Innovation and Defense. Cambridge, England: Routledge. ISBN 9781135753719.