Admiralty Departments

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Admiralty Departments were distinct and component parts of the Department of Admiralty that were superintended by the various offices of the Sea Lords responsible for them and were primarily administrative and logistical support bodies from 1320 to 1964.[1]

The departments are listed chronologically from date of creation until abolition and includes a section on departments still needing term length clarification.

History

The Admiralty Departments were distinct and component parts of the Department of Admiralty that were superintended by the various offices of theSea Lords responsible for them and were primarily administrative and logistical support bodies. The departments role was to provide the men, ships, aircraft and supplies to carry out the approved policy of the Board of Admiralty and conveyed to them in the 20th century by the Admiralty Naval Staff. They existed from 1320 to 1964. In April 1964 the Department of Admiralty along with the Air Ministry and War Office are merged into the Ministry of Defence where it becomes the navy-department-mod some of these departments continued with the new Navy Department, whilst others were either renamed or abolished not long after the merger.

Admiralty Department's 15th Century

  1. Office of the Clerk of the King's Ships (1320-1545)
  2. High Court of Admiralty (1360–1875)
  3. Office of the Vice-Admiral of England (1399-1707)
  4. Office of the Judge of the High Court of Admiralty (1483-1875)

Admiralty Department's 16th Century

  1. Office of the Clerk of the King's Ships (1320-1545)
  2. High Court of Admiralty (1360–1875)
  3. Office of the Vice-Admiral of England (1399-1707)
  4. Office of the Judge of the High Court of Admiralty (1483-1875)
  5. Impress Service (1597-1814)

Admiralty Department's 17th Century

  1. High Court of the Admiralty (1360–1875)
  2. Office of the Vice-Admiral of England (1399-1707)
  3. Office of the Judge of the High Court of Admiralty (1483-1875)
  4. Vice-Admiralty Courts (1536-1890)
  5. Impress Service (1597-1814)
  6. Admiralty Secretariat, (1690-1932)
  7. Office of the Judge Advocate of the Fleet (1663-2008)
  8. Marine Office (1664-1755) renamed the Marine Department
  9. Head Messengers Office (1666-1870)
  10. Office of the Deputy Judge Advocate of the Fleet (1668-2008)
  11. Royal Observatory Greenwich (1675-1998)
  12. Porters Office (1676-1870)
  13. Victualling Office, (1683-1832)
  14. Transport Office, (1686-1717), (1796-1816)
  15. Office of the Solicitor for the Affairs of the Admiralty and Navy (1692-1964)
  16. Greenwich Hospital Department (1692-1869)
  17. Necessary Woman's Office (1694-1832)
  18. Watchmens Office (1694-1832)
  19. Messengers Office (1694-1806)
  20. Register Office (1696–1715)
  21. Counsel for the Affairs of the Admiralty and Navy (1696-1832)
  22. House Keepers Office (1697-1800)
  23. Sixpenny Office (1696–1832)

Admiralty Department's 18th Century

  1. High Court of the Admiralty (1360–1875)
  2. Office of the Vice-Admiral of England (1399-1707)
  3. Office of the Judge of the High Court of Admiralty (1483-1875)
  4. Vice-Admiralty Courts (1536-1890)
  5. Office of the Comptroller of the Navy (1561-1832)
  6. Office of the Judge Advocate of the Fleet (1660-2008)
  7. Office of the Admiralty Advocate (1661-1885)
  8. Marine Office (1664-1755) renamed the Marine Department
  9. Head Messengers Office (1666-1870)
  10. Office of the Deputy Judge Advocate of the Fleet (1668-1870)
  11. Counsel to the Admiralty (1673-1995)
  12. Royal Observatory Greenwich (1675-1998)
  13. Porters Office (1676-1870)
  14. Victualling Office, (1683-1832)
  15. Transport Office, (1686-1717), (1796-1816)
  16. Admiralty Secretariat, (1660-1860)
  17. Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty (1692-1964)
  18. Greenwich Hospital Department (1692-1869)
  19. Necessary Woman's Office (1694-1865)
  20. Watchmens Office (1694-1832)
  21. Messengers Office (1694-1806)
  22. Register Office (1696–1715)
  23. Counsel for the Affairs of the Admiralty and Navy (1696-1832)
  24. House Keepers Office (1697-1800)
  25. Sixpenny Office (1696–1832)
  26. Gardner's Office (1700-1827)
  27. Marine Pay Office (1702-1754)
  28. Office of the Private Secretary to the Lord High Admiral (1702-1707).
  29. Office of the Assistant Secretary to the Admiralty (1702-1782)
  30. Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty and Navy (1703-1828)
  31. Office of the Charity for Sea Officers’ Widows (1732-1836)
  32. Royal Naval Academy (1733-1837)
  33. Clerk of the Journals Office (1738-1741)
  34. Marine Department (1755-1809)
  35. Marine Pay Department (1755-1831)
  36. Prisoner of War Department, (1755-1796) part of Sick and Hurt Office
  37. Royal Marine Office (1755-1964)
  38. Translators Office (1755-1869)
  39. Nautical Almanac Office (1765-present)
  40. Office of the Poor Knights of Windsor (1771-1833)
  41. Office of the Second Secretary to the Admiralty (1782-1857)
  42. Extra Messengers Office (1795-1806).
  43. Naval Works Department (1796-1815) superseded by the Department of the Surveyor of Buildings.
  44. Hydrographic Office (1796-1831)
  45. Prisoner of War Department, (1796-1817) part of Transport Office
  46. Sea Fencible's Department (1798-1813)

Admiralty Department's 19th Century

  1. High Court of the Admiralty (1360–1875)
  2. Office of the Judge of the High Court of Admiralty (1483-1875)
  3. Vice-Admiralty Courts (1536-1890)
  4. Office of the Comptroller of the Navy (1561-1832)
  5. Impress Service (1597-1814)
  6. Office of the Surveyor of the Navy (1611-1832)
  7. Office of the Judge Advocate of the Fleet (1660-2008)
  8. Admiralty Secretariat, (1660-1860)
  9. Office of the Admiralty Advocate (1661-1885)
  10. Marine Office (1664-1755) renamed the Marine Department
  11. Head Messengers Office (1666-1870)
  12. Office of the Deputy Judge Advocate of the Fleet (1668-1870)
  13. Counsel to the Admiralty (1673-1995)
  14. Porters Office (1676-1870)
  15. Office of the Assistant Clerk of the Acts and Secretary to the Navy Board, (1680-1832)
  16. Transport Office (1686-1817)
  17. Register Office (1696–1715)
  18. Royal Observatory Greenwich (1675-1998)
  19. Victualling Office, (1683-1832)
  20. Transport Office, (1686-1717), (1796-1816)
  21. Secretary's Department, (1860-1877)
  22. Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty (1692-1964)
  23. Greenwich Hospital Department (1692-1869)
  24. Necessary Woman's Office (1694-1865)
  25. Watchmens Office (1694-1832)
  26. Messengers Office (1694-1806)
  27. Counsel for the Affairs of the Admiralty and Navy (1696-1832)
  28. House Keepers Office (1697-1800)
  29. Sixpenny Office (1696–1832)
  30. Gardner's Office (1700-1827)
  31. Office of the Assistant Secretary to the Admiralty 1702-1782)
  32. Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty and Navy (1703-1828)
  33. Office of the Charity for Sea Officers’ Widows (1732-1836)
  34. Royal Naval Academy (1733-1837)
  35. Marine Department (1755-1809)
  36. Marine Pay Department (1755-1831)
  37. Translators Office (1755-1869)
  38. Nautical Almanac Office (1765-present)
  39. Office of the Poor Knights of Windsor (1771-1833)
  40. Office of the Second Secretary to the Admiralty (1782-1857)
  41. Extra Messengers Office (1795-1806).
  42. Naval Works Department (1796-1815) superseded by the Civil Architect and Engineer of the Navy.
  43. Hydrographic Office (1796-1831)
  44. Sea Fencible's Department (1798-1813)
  45. Private Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty (1800-1910)
  46. Department of the Comptroller of Victualling and Transport Services (1800-1832)
  47. Private Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty (1801-1910)
  48. Board Room Messengers Office (1806-1868).
  49. Office of the Keeper of the Records (1809-1816)
  50. Admiralty Record Office (1809-1964)
  51. School of Naval Architecture (1811-1832) closed but then reopened under new name in 1864
  52. Royal Corps of Naval Constructors (1811-present)
  53. Transport Branch, (1817-1832)
  54. Prisoner of War Department, (1817-1832) part of Transport Branch
  55. Royal Observatory Cape of Good Hope (1820-1971)
  56. Packet Service (1823-1862)
  57. Royal Marines Office (1825-1964)
  58. Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty (1828-1870)
  59. Department of the Storekeeper-General of the Navy (1829-1869)
  60. Hydrographic Department (1831-1955)
  61. Department of the Physician General of the Navy (1832-1843)
  62. Department of the Surveyor of Buildings (1832-1843) became Architectural and Engineering Works Department
  63. Dockyard Branch, (1832-1860)
  64. Victualling Department (1869-1964)
  65. Department of the Storekeeper-General of the Navy (1832-1932)
  66. Department of the Comptroller of Victualling and Transport Services (1832-1869)
  67. Counsel to the Admiralty (1832-1964)
  68. Office of the Military Knights of Windsor (1833-present)
  69. Prize and Wills Department (1834-1940) part of Accountant Generals department
  70. Architectural and Engineering Works Department (1837-1919)
  71. Steam Department (1837-1869) became Department of the Comptroller of the Steam Machinery
  72. Readers Office (1841-1870).
  73. Department of the Inspector-General of Naval Hospitals and Fleets (1841-1843)
  74. Compass Branch (1842-1917)
  75. Royal Dockyard School (1843-1971)
  76. Medical Department of the Navy (1844-1917)
  77. Department of the Comptroller of the Steam Machinery (1846-1850) became Steam Branch
  78. Central School of Mathematics and Naval Construction (1848-1853)
  79. Steam Branch (1850-1859) became Department of the Engineer-in-Chief of the Navy
  80. Hydrographic and Harbour Department (1856-1862)
  81. Coast Guard Office (1856-1923)
  82. Naval Pay Branch (1857-1939)
  83. Department of the Engineer-in-Chief of the Navy (1860-1869) became Department of the Engineer-in-Chief
  84. Department of the Engineer-in-Chief (1869-1964)
  85. Department of the Chief Constructor of the Navy (1860-1875)
  86. Admiralty Librarian (1862-1870)
  87. Hydrographic Department (1862-1964)
  88. Department of the Director of Transports (1862-1903)
  89. Digest Writers Office (1863-1870).
  90. Royal Naval College, Dartmouth (1863-present)
  91. Index Writers Office (1863-1870).
  92. Royal School of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (1864-1967)
  93. Office of the Admiralty Chemist (1867-1870)
  94. Admiralty Secretariat (Department of the Permanent Secretary) (1869-1964)
  95. Department of the Controller of the Navy (1869-1910)
  96. Naval Stores Department (1869-1966)
  97. Contract and Purchase Department (1869-1964)
  98. Department of the Permanent Secretary (1869-1877, 1882-1964)
  99. Chemical Department (1870-1956)
  100. Victualling Department (1870-1970)
  101. Department of the Surveyor of Dockyards, (1872-1885)
  102. Admiralty Experiment Works (1872-1977)
  103. Royal Naval College, Greenwich (1873-1998)
  104. Judicial Department (1875-present)
  105. Department of the Director of Naval Construction (1875-1966)
  106. Office of the Admiral-Superintendent of Naval Reserves (1875-1903)
  107. Naval Department (1877-1882)
  108. Department of the Permanent Secretary (1882-1964)
  109. Royal Naval Engineering College (1880-1995)
  110. Department of the Director of Dockyards, (1885-1957)
  111. Dockyard Expense Account's Department, (1886-1957)
  112. Naval Intelligence Department (1887-1912)
  113. Department of the Engineer-in-Chief (1889-1936)
  114. Naval Ordnance Stores Department (1891-1918)

Admiralty Department's 20th Century

  1. Office of the Judge Advocate of the Fleet (1660-2008)
  2. Office of the Deputy Judge Advocate of the Fleet (1668-1870)
  3. Office of the Counsel to the Admiralty (1673-1995)
  4. Royal Observatory Greenwich (1675-1998)
  5. Admiralty Secretariat (Department of the Permanent Secretary), (1690-1932)
  6. Office of the Solicitor to the Admiralty (1692-1964)
  7. Greenwich Hospital Department (1692-1869)
  8. Private Office of the First Lord of the Admiralty (1800-1910)
  9. Admiralty Record Office (1809-1964)
  10. Royal Corps of Naval Constructors (1811-present)
  11. Royal Observatory Cape of Good Hope (1820-1971)
  12. Royal Marines Office (1825-1964)
  13. Nautical Almanac Office (1832-1998)
  14. Victualling Department (1832-1964)
  15. Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy (1832-1932)
  16. Office of the Military Knights of Windsor (1833-present)
  17. Architectural and Engineering Works Department (1837-1919)
  18. Compass Branch (1842-1911)
  19. Royal Dockyard School (1843-1971)
  20. Medical Department of the Navy (1844-1917)
  21. Office of the Chaplain of the Fleet (1859-present)
  22. Hydrographic Department (1862-1994)
  23. Transport Department (1862-1917)
  24. Royal Naval College Dartmouth (1863-present)
  25. Royal School of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (1864-1967)
  26. Department of the Controller of the Navy (1869-1913)
  27. Department of the Controller (1913-1917)
  28. Department of the Director of Naval Stores (1869-1966)
  29. Contract and Purchase Department (1869-1964)
  30. Department of the Permanent Secretary (1869-1877, 1882-1964)
  31. Chemical Department (1870-1956)
  32. Admiralty Experiment Works (1872-1977)
  33. Royal Naval College Greenwich (1873-1998)
  34. Judicial Department (1875-present)
  35. Department of the Director of Naval Construction (1875-1966)
  36. Office of the Admiral-Superintendent of Naval Reserves (1875-1903)
  37. Royal Naval Engineering College (1880-1995)
  38. Royal Naval Engineering College, Keyham (1880-1940)
  39. Department of the Director of Dockyards, (1885-1957)
  40. Dockyard Expense Accounts Department, (1886-1957)
  41. Naval Intelligence Department (1887-1912)
  42. Department of the Engineer-in-Chief (1889-1936)
  43. Naval Ordnance Stores Department (1891-1918)
  44. Royal Naval War College, (1900-1914)
  45. Admiralty Fuel Experimental Station, (1902-1966)
  46. Office of the Admiral Commanding Coastguard and Reserves (1903-1923)
  47. Office of the Director of Naval Education (1903-1914)
  48. Office of the Naval Assistant to the First Sea Lord
  49. Office of the Naval Assistant to the Second Sea Lord (1909-1957)
  50. Air Department (1910-1920)
  51. Admiralty Compass Observatory (1911-1971)
  52. Admiralty Civilian Shore Wireless Service (1912-1965)
  53. Navigation Department (1912-1945)
  54. Department of the Director of Naval Equipment (1912-1964) active till 1985
  55. Department of the Director of Naval Construction (1913-1958) became subsidiary of Ship Department as Naval Construction Division.
  56. Department of Naval Education (1914-1951)
  57. Mine Department (1915-1919)
  58. Board of Invention and Research (1915-1918)
  59. Admiralty Experimental Station (1915-1921)
  60. Experimental Department (1917-1941)
  61. Royal Naval Cordite Factory (1916-1983)
  62. Department of the Deputy Controller for Armament Production (1917)
  63. Department of the Deputy Controller for Auxiliary Shipbuilding (1917-)
  64. Department of the Deputy Controller Dockyards and Shipbuilding (1917-?)
  65. Department of the Medical Director-General of the Navy, (1917-2002)
  66. Department of Aircraft Equipment, (1917-1971)
  67. Shipyard Labour Department (1917-?)
  68. Materials and Priority Department (1917-?)
  69. Statistics Department (1917-?)
  70. Compass Department (1917-1971) former Compass Branch
  71. Department of the Director of Torpedoes and Mining
  72. Supply and Secretariat Branch (1918-1944) became Department of the Director-General Supply and Secretariat Branch.
  73. Department of the Director of Armament Supply (1918-1919) (1940-1965)
  74. Armament Supply Department (1920-1940)
  75. Department of the Director of Naval Recruiting (1918-1982)
  76. Scientific Research and Experiment Department (1918-1946) Department of the Director of Experiments and Research
  77. Department of the Director Electrical Engineering (1918-1951)
  78. Department of the Paymaster Director General (1918-1944)
  79. Department of the Director of Experiments and Research (1918-1920)
  80. Civil Engineer in Chiefs Department, (1919-1960)
  81. Mine Design Department (1919-1939)
  82. Admiralty Engineering Laboratory (1920-1977)
  83. Scientific Research and Experiment Department (1920-1946)
  84. Naval Ordnance Inspection Department, (1922-1984)
  85. ASDIC Research and Development Unit (1927-1940)
  86. Admiralty Technical Records Section, (1929-1947)
  87. Department of the Director of Manning (1932-1973) dual hatted as Deputy Chief of Naval Personnel (Personnel Services) (1943-1959)
  88. Department of the Director of Personnel Services (1932-1959) became Personnel Services and Officer Appointments Department
  89. Admiralty Experimental Diving Unit, (1933-1984)
  90. Royal Navy Torpedo Factory, (1935-1960)
  91. Central Metallurgical Laboratory (1936-1956)
  92. Coordination of Valve Development Department, (1938-1972)
  93. Salvage Department (1939- 1953)
  94. Department of the Deputy Controller of the Navy (1939-1958)
  95. Admiralty Civilian Shore Wireless Service (1939-1965)
  96. Admiralty Anti-Submarine Experimental Establishment, (1940-1947)
  97. Royal Naval Engineering College, Manadon (1940-1995)
  98. Admiralty Signal Establishment (1941-1948)
  99. Department of Miscellaneous Weapons Development (1941-1945)
  100. Office of the Senior Psychologist (1941-1981)
  101. Directorate of Naval Operational Studies (1942-1944) became Department of Naval Operational Research.
  102. Admiralty Advisory Panel on Underwater Explosion Research, (1942-1969)
  103. Admiralty Gunnery Establishment, (1943-1959)
  104. Admiralty Underwater Explosion Research Establishment, (1943-1946)
  105. Admiralty Torpedo Experimental Establishment, (1943-1959)
  106. Coastal Forces Materiel Department (1943-1945)
  107. Airfields and Carrier Requirements Department (1943-1948)
  108. Admiralty Naval Aircraft Materials Laboratory (1943-1966)
  109. Naval Training Department (1944-1951)
  110. Department of the Director-General Supply and Secretariat Branch (1944-1959)
  111. Department of the Director of Physical Training and Sports 1945-
  112. Admiralty Craft Experimental Establishment, (1945-1950)
  113. Service Conditions Department (1945-1952)
  114. Welfare Services Department (1945-1952)
  115. Office of the Extra Naval Assistant to the Second Sea Lord (1945-1954)
  116. Office of the Superintendent De-Magnetisation (1945-1946)
  117. Department of the Director of Boom Defences (1945-1953)
  118. Department of the Director of Naval Air Radio (1945-1946)
  119. Department of the Chief of Naval Information (1945-1958)
  120. Department of Naval Operational Research (1945-1946) became Directorate of Operational Research.
  121. Women's Royal Naval Service Headquarters (1945-1958)
  122. Radio Equipment Department (1945-1958)
  123. Small Vessels Pool (1945-1946)
  124. Department of the Director of Wreck Dispersal (1945-1946)
  125. Naval Weather Service Department (1945-1949) became Department of the Director Naval Weather Service.
  126. Movements Department (1945-1958)
  127. Staff Fourth Sea Lords Officer (Mail) (1945-1946)
  128. Department of the Director of Aircraft Maintenance and Repair (1945-1958)
  129. Air Equipment Department (1945-1948) became Air Equipment and Naval Photography Department.
  130. Directorate of Operational Research (1946-1964)
  131. Admiralty Development Establishment (1946-1964)
  132. Department of the Director of Underwater Weapons (1946-1953) became Department of the Director of Under Water Weapons Materiel.
  133. Royal Naval Scientific Service (1946-1964)
  134. Admiralty Naval Construction Research Establishment, (1946-1978)
  135. Admiralty Mining Establishment, (1946-1951)
  136. Craft and Amphibious Materiel Department (1946-1948)
  137. Yarrow Admiralty Research Department, (1946-1972)
  138. Naval Electrical Department (1946-1958)
  139. Admiralty Materials Laboratory (1947-1953)
  140. Admiralty Underwater Detection Establishment, (1947-1960)
  141. Admiralty Centre for Scientific Information and Liaison, (1947-1956)
  142. Admiralty Underwater Weapons Launching Establishment (1947-1959)
  143. Torpedo Experimental Establishment (1947-1959)
  144. Admiralty Signal and Radar Establishment, (1948-1959)
  145. Royal Naval Medical School (1948-1969)
  146. Air Equipment and Naval Photography Department (1948-1958)
  147. Department of the Director Naval Weather Service (1949-1965)
  148. Amphibious Warfare Headquarters (1950-1958)
  149. Naval Education Service (1951-1978)
  150. Department of the Deputy Chief of Naval Personnel (Training) (1951-1959)
  151. Royal Naval Minewatching Service (1951-1958)
  152. Department of Aeronautical and Engineering Research (1951-1954) part of Royal Naval Scientific Service
  153. Department of the Director of Boom Defence and Marine Salvage (1953-1956)
  154. Department of Physical Research (1953-1958) part of Royal Naval Scientific Service
  155. Department of Director of Welfare and Service Conditions (1953-2003) (created from two departments Service Conditions Department and Welfare Services (1959-1962)
  156. Admiralty Naval Aircraft Materials Laboratory (1953-1977)
  157. Department of the Director of Underwater Weapons Materiel's (1953-1958)
  158. Office of the Superintendent Production Services (1954-1956) part of Royal Naval Scientific Service
  159. Department of Operational Research (1954-1958) part of Royal Naval Scientific Service
  160. Department of Research Programmes and Planning (1955-1958) part of Royal Naval Scientific Service
  161. Department of Engineering and Materiel Research (1955-1958) part of Royal Naval Scientific Service
  162. Office of the Commodore Contract Built Ships (1957-1978)
  163. Office of the Commodore, Naval Drafting (1957-1988)
  164. Department of Dockyards and Fleet Maintenance (1958-1964) became Department of Dockyards and Maintenance
  165. Naval Construction Division, (1959-1964)
  166. Admiralty Surface Weapons Establishment, (1959-1984)
  167. Directorate-General Training (1959-1969)
  168. Admiralty Underwater Weapons Establishment (1959-1984)
  169. Department of Dockyards and Maintenance (1964-1968)
  170. Department of the Chief Scientist (Navy) (1964-1984)
  171. Admiralty Marine Engineering Establishment, (1966-1976)
  172. Institute of Naval Medicine (1969-present)

Admiralty Departments needing date/s clarification

  1. Combined Operations Personnel (1945- )
  2. Combined Operations Material Department 1945
  3. Anti-Submarine Materiel Department (1945- )
  4. Combined Operations Headquarters command shore based to be moved
  5. Admiralty Regional Offices (1945-1958)
  6. Sea Transport Department (1945-1958)
  7. Department of the Director Merchant Shipbuilding and Repair (1946-1958)
  8. Historical Section (1948-1962)
  9. Office of the Superintendent Production Personnel 1951 staff deputy controller
  10. Civil Catering Department (1952-1958)
  11. Directorate of Officer Appointments (1957-1958) Deputy Chief of Naval Personnel (Officers)
  12. Office of the Head of Fleet Work Study (1957-1958)
  13. Office of the Senior Roman Catholic Chaplain (1956-1958) part of Chaplain of the Fleet
  14. Office of the Senior Chaplain Church of Scotland and Free Churches (1956-1958) part of Chaplain of the Fleet
  15. Office of the Superintendent Production Pool (1958 - )
  16. Department of Dockyards and Maintainence (1958- ) name change from Department of Dockyards
  17. Admiralty Computing Service

References

  1. Hamilton, C. I. (2011). The Making of the Modern Admiralty: British Naval Policy-Making, 1805–1927. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 154. ISBN 9781139496544.

Bibliography

  1. Hamilton, C. I. (2011). The Making of the Modern Admiralty: British Naval Policy-Making, 1805–1927. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781139496544.