Aden Area

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Aden Area
HMS Sheba
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1942–1946
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeNaval Station
Part ofEast Indies Station
Garrison/HQAden Naval Base, Aden, Yemen.
Commanders
In CommandCommodore, Aden
FirstCommodore Charles Arthur Aiskew Larcom
LastCommodore Edward Arthur Aylmer.

Aden Area was a naval command of the British Royal Navy originally established on 29 May 1942 at Aden, South Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula.[1] At various times it encompassed a shore base, naval formations and other ships not attached to other formations. The command was vested in a Commodore known as the Commodore, Aden,[2] It existed until July, 1945.

History

In 1839 the Royal Navy carried out an operation called the Aden Expedition led by Captain Henry Smith under orders from the Commander-in-Chief, East Indies in the south east Arabian Peninsula its occupation of Aden was mainly for strategic reasons as Aden provided control of the entrance to the Red Sea a naval base was first established here at the same time.[3]

During World War Two the main naval formation based in Aden was the Red Sea Force.[4] On 16 March 1941 the station was involved in Operation Appearance which was a British landing in British Somaliland against troops of the Italian Army. The naval task group Force D was assembled at Aden Naval Base for the operation. The British and Empire forces from the United Kingdom, British India, Australia and South Africa conducting Appearance made the first successful Allied beach landing of the war and retook the colony.[5]

In Command

Commodore, Aden

References

  1. Admiralty, British, (13 December 1944). Red List Part II. Minor Vessels Abroad. Operations Division. Admiralty Naval Staff. H.M.S.O. London. England. p.40.
  2. Red List Part II.p.40.
  3. Ram, Krishnamurthy Venkat (2009). "Conclusion". Anglo-Ethiopian Relations, 1869 to 1906: A Study of British Policy in Ethiopia. New Dehli, India: Concept Publishing Company. p. 241. ISBN 9788180696244.
  4. Bertke, Donald A.; Kindell, Don; Smith, Gordon (2011). WORLD WAR II SEA WAR: FRANCE FALLS, BRITAIN STANDS ALONE: Day-to-Day Naval Actions from April 1940 through September 1940. Lulu Bertke Publishing. p. 99. ISBN 9781937470005.
  5. Collins. IN., Instructor Lieutenant D.J.E.; Clancey, Patrick; Jewell, Larry. "HyperWar: The Royal Indian Navy (Chapter 4)". www.ibiblio.org. HyperWar Foundation. Retrieved 17 August 2019.