9th Cruiser Squadron

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9th Cruiser Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1912
Disbanded1940
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Commanders
In CommandRear/Vice/Admiral Commanding, 9th Cruiser Squadron

The 9th Cruiser Squadron or Ninth Cruiser Squadron was a formation of Cruisers of the Royal Navy, it was formed and disbanded two times from 1912 to 1919 and again from 1939 to 1940.

It was commanded by the Rear-Admiral or Vice-Admiral Commanding, 9th Cruiser Squadron.

History

The 9th Cruiser Squadron was first formed in 1912 assigned to the Third Fleet.[1] In August 1914 it was attached to the Channel Fleet. In September 1914 it was reassigned to Gibraltar command then later the Cape of Good Hope Station the squadron was disbanded in January 1919.[2]

The squadron was reformed from July 1939 to June 1940, it was first attached to the Reserve Fleet then it was assigned to the South Atlantic Station[3] before being disbanded.[4]

The Royal Navy's cruiser squadrons were usually shared between fleets and stations. Consisting from five to six ships in wartime and in peacetime as low as two to three ships. From 1914 until 1924/25 they were designated as Light Cruiser Squadrons then after 1925 reassigned as Cruiser Squadrons.[5]

In Command

  1. Rear-Admiral John M. de Robeck September, 1914 - February, 1915
  2. Rear-Admiral Sir A. Gordon H. W. Moore, February 1915 -August 1915
  3. Rear-Admiral Sydney R. Fremantle, August, 1916 – December, 1916
  4. Rear-Admiral Thomas D. L. Sheppard, 8 December 1916 – January, 1919
  5. Rear-Admiral Allan Poland, July 1939-April 1940
  6. Commodore 2nd Class Cyril G. B. Coltart, January, 1940 – June, 1940

References

  1. Friedman, Norman (2012). British Cruisers of the Victorian Era. Barnsley, England: Seaforth Publishing. p. 279. ISBN 9781473853126.
  2. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918: 6. LIST OF SQUADRONS AND FLOTILLAS 1914-1918". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 27 October 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  3. Grove, Eric (2002). German Capital Ships and Raiders in World War II: From Graf Spee to Bismarck, 1931-1941. Hove, East Sussex, England: Psychology Press. p. 7. ISBN 9780714652085.
  4. Watson. 2015.
  5. Watson. 2015.