8th Cruiser Squadron

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8th Cruiser Squadron Cruiser Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1914
Disbanded1942
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Commanders
In CommandRear/Vice/Admiral Commanding, 8th Cruiser Squadron

The 8th Cruiser Squadron or Eighth Cruiser Squadron was a formation of Cruisers of the Royal Navy, it was formed and disbanded two times from July to August, 1914 and finally May 1924 to July 1942.

It was commanded by the Rear-Admiral or Vice-Admiral Commanding, 8th Cruiser Squadron.

History

The 8th Cruiser Squadron was a temporary naval unit attached to the Third Fleet. The then Admiral of Patrols, Rear-Admiral J. M. de Robeck, assumed command on 26 July 1914, (for Test Mobilisation), however the squadron was never officially constituted. De Robeck was then given command of the 9th Cruiser Squadron also known as Cruiser Force I on 4 August 1914.[1]

In 1924/25 the 8th Light Cruiser Squadron was re-designated 8th Cruiser Squadron and was attached to the North America and West Indies Station under direct command of the Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies until 1942.[2]

The Royal Navy's cruiser squadrons were usually distributed to both fleets and stations. They contained a maximum of five to six ships but down as low as two to three ships. From 1914 until 1924/25 they were usually designated as Light Cruiser Squadrons after 1925 they were re-designated Cruiser Squadrons.[3]

In Command

  1. Rear-Admiral John M. de Robeck, 26 July 1914
  2. Vice-Admiral Sir James Fergusson, May 1924 – June 1926
  3. Vice-Admiral Sir Walter Cowan, June 1926 – July 1928
  4. Vice-Admiral Sir Cyril Fuller, May 1930 – April 1932
  5. Vice-Admiral Sir Vernon Haggard, May 1930 – April 1932
  6. Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Plunkett, April 1932 – November 1934
  7. Vice-Admiral Sir Matthew Best, November 1934 – May 1937
  8. Vice-Admiral Sir Sidney Meyrick, May 1937 – April 1940
  9. Vice-Admiral Charles Kennedy-Purvis, April 1940 – April 1942
  10. Vice-Admiral Alban Curteis, April 1942 – July 1942

References

  1. Tucker, Spencer; Wood, Laura Matysek; Murphy, Justin D. (1999). The European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia. Oxford, England: Taylor & Francis. p. 116. ISBN 9780815333517.
  2. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1919-1939". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 2 September 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  3. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914: May 1912-July 1914". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 8 August 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2021.