5th Cruiser Squadron

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5th Cruiser Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1907
Disbanded1960
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Commanders
In CommandRear/Vice/Admiral Commanding, 5th Cruiser Squadron

The 5th Cruiser Squadron or Fifth Cruiser Squadron was a formation of Cruisers of the Royal Navy, it was formed and disbanded two times from 1907 to 1914 and 1939 to 1960. It was commanded by the Rear-Admiral or Vice-Admiral Commanding, 2nd Cruiser Squadron.

History

The squadron was first established in 1907, it was attached to the Nore Division in home waters between March 1908 and February 1909 the squadron was assigned to the Home Fleet. It was then allocated to the Atlantic Fleet in April 1909 until April 1912. From May 1912 to July 1914 it was seconded to the 2nd Fleet .It was disbanded just before the start of World War I.[1]

The squadron reformed in April 1939, and then it came under the Commander-in-Chief, China Station until 1942. The squadron was then reassigned to the Eastern Fleet until October 1944. It was then attached to the East Indies Fleet.[2] It continued to serve in the Far East Fleet, with its admiral also wearing the flag of Second-in-Command of the Fleet, until the late 1950s-early 1960s.

After the outbreak of the Korean War in June 1950, William Andrewes was promoted to Vice-Admiral on 1 December 1950. On 17 December 1950 Andrewes was appointed commander of the 5th Cruiser Squadron and Flag Officer, Second-in-Command, Far East Fleet, flying his flag in the light cruiser HMS Belfast. He commanded British and Commonwealth Naval Forces with the carrier HMS Theseus as his flagship. He had two aircraft carriers available at any one time which he worked in eighteen-day cycles, and then Task Force 95 (comprising all Blockade and Escort ships in Korean waters, affiliated with the United Nations Command) in 1951.

In Command

Included:[3]

  1. Rear-Admiral George A. Callaghan, 5 April, 1907 – 26 November, 1908
  2. Rear-Admiral Frederick T. Hamilton, 16 February, 1909 – 16 February 1911
  3. Rear-Admiral Cecil Burney, 16 February, 1911 – 19 December, 1911
  4. Rear-Admiral F. C. Doveton Sturdee, 19 December, 1911 – December, 1912
  5. Rear-Admiral Archibald P. Stoddart, 9 May, 1914[24] – 8 May, 1915
  6. Rear-Admiral Arthur J. L. Murray, 14 April, 1939
  7. Rear-Admiral Harold T. C. Walker, 1 May, 1944 – 4 December, 1944
  8. Rear-Admiral Arthur D. Read, January, 1945 – 2 March, 1945
  9. Vice-Admiral Wilfrid R. Patterson, 2 March, 1945 – 12 July, 1946
  10. Vice-Admiral William Andrewes, 17 December 1950 – 1951
  11. Rear-Admiral Alan K. Scott-Moncrieff: April 1951 – September 1952
  12. Rear-Admiral Eric G.A. Clifford: September 1952 – November 1953
  13. Rear-Admiral Gerald V. Gladstone: November 1953 – February 1955
  14. Rear-Admiral Robert F. Elkins: February 1955 – June 1956
  15. Rear-Admiral W. Kaye Edden: June 1956 – August 1957
  16. Vice-Admiral Laurence G. Durlacher: August 1957 – December 1958
  17. Vice-Admiral Varyl C. Begg: December 1958 – July 1960

References

  1. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployments 1900-1914". www.naval-history.net. Graham Smith, 8 August 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  2. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945: Overseas Commands and Fleets". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 19 September 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2021.
  3. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (28 September 2021). "Fifth Cruiser Squadron (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 1 November 2021.