5th Battle Squadron
|5th Battle Squadron|
|In Command||Vice-Admiral-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron|
|First||Vice-Admiral Sir Cecil Burney|
|Last||Vice-Admiral Sir Arthur Cavenagh Leveson|
The 5th Battle Squadron or Fifth Battle Squadron was a formation of Battle Ships of the Royal Navy, it was formed in 1912 and disbanded in 1919. It was commanded by the Vice-Admiral Commanding, 5th Battle Squadron.
In August 1914, the 5th Battle Squadron was based at Portland, and consisted of a number of pre-dreadnought battleships. Following the loss of HMS Bulwark in 1914, HMS Lord Nelson and Agamemnon were transferred from the 6th Battle Squadron. With the commissioning of the five fast battleships of the Queen Elizabeth class, the remaining pre-dreadnoughts were sent to the Mediterranean. HMS Queen Elizabeth herself was delayed in joining the squadron, instead taking part in the Dardanelles Campaign until May 1915.
In 1916, the 5th Battle Squadron—under the command of Rear Admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas was temporarily transferred to David Beatty's Battle Cruiser Fleet. On 31 May, four ships of the Squadron served with distinction in the battle of Jutland. In the clash with the German I Scouting Group under Admiral Franz von Hipper, the 5th Battle Squadron "fired with extraordinary rapidity and accuracy" (according to Reinhard Scheer), damaging the battlecruisers SMS Lützow and Seydlitz and a number of other German warships.
Three of the Queen Elizabeth's received hits from German warships during the engagement, yet they all returned home, though Warspite—whose steering was jammed—was targeted by the German line, taking 15 hits and coming close to foundering. After the battle, HMS Queen Elizabeth—which had missed the battle due to being in dock—rejoined the squadron.
Vice-Admiral-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron (1913-1919)
|Vice-Admiral-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron|
|1||Vice-Admiral||Sir Cecil Burney||5 December 1913 - 14 August 1914||also VAdm Commd, Channel Fleet.|
|2||Vice-Admiral||Sir Lewis Bayly||20 December 1914 - 17 January 1915||ditto.|
|3||Vice-Admiral||Sir Alexander Edward Bethell||17 January 1915 - 25 August 1915||ditto.|
|4||Vice-Admiral||Sir Hugh Evan-Thomas||25 August 1915 - 1 October 1918||.|
|5||Vice-Admiral||Sir Arthur Cavenagh Leveson||1 October, 1918 - 7 April, 1919||.|
Rear-Admiral, Second-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron (1913-1914, 1919)
|Rear-Admiral, Second-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron|
|1||Rear-Admiral||Bernard Currey||18 November 1913 - 14 February 1915||.|
|2||Rear-Admiral||Cecil Fiennes Thursby||29 July, - 14 August 1914||.|
|3||Rear-Admiral||Lewis Clinton-Baker||1 April 1919 - 7 April 1919||.|
- Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (10 January 2019). "Fifth Battle Squadron (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. England: Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
- Dittmar, F.J & Colledge J.J., British Warships 1914-1919 Ian Allan, London. 1972; ISBN 0-7110-0380-7