5th Battle Squadron

From Naval History Archive
Jump to navigationJump to search
5th Battle Squadron
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1912
Disbanded1919
CountryFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
AllegianceBritish Empire
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeSquadron
Commanders
In CommandVice-Admiral-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron
FirstVice-Admiral Sir Cecil Burney
LastVice-Admiral Sir Arthur Cavenagh Leveson

The 5th Battle Squadron or Fifth Battle Squadron was a formation of Battle Ships of the Royal Navy, it was formed in 1912 and disbanded in 1919. It was commanded by the Vice-Admiral Commanding, 5th Battle Squadron.[1]

History

the RN 5th Battle Squadron at the Firth of Forth Scotland, seen in foreground are HMS Valiant and HMS Malaya by William Lionel Wyllie 1915

In August 1914, the 5th Battle Squadron was based at Portland, and consisted of a number of pre-dreadnought battleships.[2] Following the loss of HMS Bulwark in 1914, HMS Lord Nelson and Agamemnon were transferred from the 6th Battle Squadron. With the commissioning of the five fast battleships of the Queen Elizabeth class, the remaining pre-dreadnoughts were sent to the Mediterranean. HMS Queen Elizabeth herself was delayed in joining the squadron, instead taking part in the Dardanelles Campaign until May 1915.

In 1916, the 5th Battle Squadron—under the command of Rear Admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas was temporarily transferred to David Beatty's Battle Cruiser Fleet. On 31 May, four ships of the Squadron served with distinction in the battle of Jutland. In the clash with the German I Scouting Group under Admiral Franz von Hipper, the 5th Battle Squadron "fired with extraordinary rapidity and accuracy" (according to Reinhard Scheer), damaging the battlecruisers SMS Lützow and Seydlitz and a number of other German warships.

Three of the Queen Elizabeth's received hits from German warships during the engagement, yet they all returned home, though Warspite—whose steering was jammed—was targeted by the German line, taking 15 hits and coming close to foundering. After the battle, HMS Queen Elizabeth—which had missed the battle due to being in dock—rejoined the squadron.

In Command

Vice-Admiral-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron (1913-1919)

Vice-Admiral-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron
Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
1 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Cecil Burney 5 December 1913 - 14 August 1914 also VAdm Commd, Channel Fleet.[1]
2 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Lewis Bayly 20 December 1914 - 17 January 1915 ditto.[1]
3 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Alexander Edward Bethell 17 January 1915 - 25 August 1915 ditto.[1]
4 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Hugh Evan-Thomas 25 August 1915 - 1 October 1918 .[1]
5 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Arthur Cavenagh Leveson 1 October, 1918 - 7 April, 1919 .[1]

Rear-Admiral, Second-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron (1913-1914, 1919)

Rear-Admiral, Second-in-Command, 5th Battle Squadron
Rank Flag Name Term Notes/Ref
1 Rear-Admiral Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Bernard Currey 18 November 1913 - 14 February 1915 .[1]
2 Rear-Admiral Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Cecil Fiennes Thursby 29 July, - 14 August 1914 .[1]
3 Rear-Admiral Rear Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Lewis Clinton-Baker 1 April 1919 - 7 April 1919 .[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony (10 January 2019). "Fifth Battle Squadron (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. England: Harley and Lovell. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  2. Dittmar, F.J & Colledge J.J., British Warships 1914-1919 Ian Allan, London. 1972; ISBN 0-7110-0380-7