3rd Fleet

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3rd Fleet
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1 May 1912–1914
Country United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
TypeFleet

The 3rd Fleet or Third Fleet was a reserve formation of the Royal Navy that briefly existed before the First World War.

History

Formed on 1 May 1912 from the 4th Division of the Home Fleet, its elderly ships were ordinarily only manned by a small maintenance crew during peacetime, but were intended to be manned by naval reservists when mobilised.[1] It was conducting a test mobilisation in July 1914 as tensions increased between Great Britain and Imperial Germany[2] and was only partially demobilised before full mobilisation was ordered on 2 August. At this time it consisted of the 7th and 8th Battle Squadrons of pre-dreadnought battleships and five squadrons of cruisers.[3]

In Command

Vice-Admiral Commanding, 3rd Fleet

Vice-Admiral Commanding, 3rd Fleet [4]
Rank Flag Name Term
1 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Frederick T. Hamilton December 1911-December 1913
2 Vice-Admiral Vice Admiral command Flag RN from 1864.png Sir Cecil Burney December 1913-August 1914.

Units Attached to Fleet by Date

Included [5]
Unit Units Attached Dates Ref
1 7th Battle Squadron (8 pre-dreadnought Battleships) [6]
2 8th Battle Squadron (6 pre-dreadnoughts Battleships) [7] [8]
3 7th Cruiser Squadron (5 armoured Cruisers) [9] [10]
3 8th Cruiser Squadron (5 armoured/Protected Cruisers) [11] [12]
4 9th Cruiser Squadron 8 armoured/Protected Cruisers) [13] [14]
5 10th Cruiser Squadron (7 Protected Cruisers)-from Training Squadron at Queenstown [15]
6 11th Cruiser Squadron 5 Protected Cruisers) [16]
7 12th Cruiser Squadron 4 Protected Cruisers) [17]
8 Devonport Local Defence Flotilla 12 Destroyers [18]
9 Nore Local Defence Flotilla 15 Destroyers [19]
10 Portsmouth Local Defence Flotilla 10 Destroyers [20]

References

  1. Wragg, p. 24
  2. Marder, p. 432
  3. Corbett, pp. 13, 29
  4. Government, H.M. (October 1913). "Flag Officers - Vice Admirals". The Navy List. H.M. Stationery Office. p. 87.
  5. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1914-1918". naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 27 October, 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  6. Watson. 2015
  7. Watson. 2015
  8. Watson. 2015
  9. Watson. 2015
  10. Watson. 2015
  11. Watson. 2015
  12. Watson. 2015
  13. Watson. 2015
  14. Watson. 2015
  15. Watson. 2015
  16. Watson. 2015
  17. Watson. 2015
  18. Watson. 2015
  19. Watson. 2015
  20. Watson. 2015