3rd Destroyer Flotilla

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3rd Destroyer Flotilla
Ensign of the Royal Navy animated.gif
Active1909–1939, 1945-1950
AllegianceFlag United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.gif United Kingdom
BranchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
SizeFlotilla
Commanders
FirstCaptain Godfrey M. Paine
LastCaptain Peter Dawnay

The British 3rd Destroyer Flotilla, also styled as Third Destroyer Flotilla, was a formation of the Royal Navy from 1909 to 1939 and again from 1945 to 1950.

History

In 1907 the Channel Fleet had a large Channel Flotilla of destroyers in February 1909 when it was divided to form the 1st and 3rd Destroyer Flotillas. From March 1909 to May 1912 the formation was part of the Nore Division, 3rd Division Home Fleet.[1] In May 1912, the Home Fleet was split into the First Fleet, with ships in full commission, and the Second and Third Fleets, composed of ships partly manned and laid up in reserve respectively. The 3rd Destroyer Flotilla remained part of the First Fleet until July 1914.[1]

On the outbreak of the First World War, the First Fleet became the Grand Fleet, and the 3rd Destroyer Flotilla joined the newly formed Harwich Force. In the summer of 1915 it was renumbered the 9th Destroyer Flotilla. It was reformed again from March 1918 as part of the Grand Fleet till November 1918.[2]

After the War the Flotilla joined the Atlantic Fleet, forming part of that organisation from December 1918 until August 1923. It was then allocated to the Mediterranean Fleet until 1926 when it was temporarily assigned to the China Station until 1927. It returned to the Mediterranean until 1938.[3] By the beginning of World War Two in September 1939 it was still in the Mediterranean Fleet. It was re-allocated to the Home Fleet in October 1939 to November 1944 under the command of the Rear-Admiral, Destroyer Flotillas Home Fleet.[4] The flotilla was sent back to join the Mediterranean Fleet in November 1944.

Throughout this period the term Flotilla had applied to a tactical unit. In 1951, instead, three specific Flag Officers, Flotillas, were created responsible for escorts up to cruisers for the Eastern, Home and Mediterranean fleets. The previous destroyer flotillas were redesignated squadrons,[5] and thus the 3rd Destroyer Flotilla became the 3rd Destroyer Squadron in January 1951.

In Command

Captain (D) 3rd Destroyer Flotilla

The commander of the 3rd Destroyer Flotilla held the title of Captain (Destroyers), or 'Captain (D)'. Those officers included (incomplete list):[6][7]

Captain (D) 3rd Destroyer Flotilla
Rank Name Term Notes
1 Captain Godfrey M. Paine 2 June, 1909 1 May, 1912
2 Captain Robert K. Arbuthnot 1 May, 1912 – 31 July, 1912 (later R. Adm)
3 Captain Ernest S. Carey 1 July, 1912 – 3 April, 1913
4 Captain Cecil H. Fox 3 April, 1913 – 26 October, 1914
5 Captain Francis G. St. John 26 October, 1914 - 15 August, 1917
6 Captain Harold E. Sulivan 15 August, 1917 – 1 March, 1919
7 Captain Rafe G. Rowley-Conwy 1 March, 1919 – 7 July, 1919 (later R. Adm)
8 Captain Francis Alexander Waddilove Buller 7 July, 1919 – 7 July, 1921 (later R. Adm)
9 Captain Frank F. Rose 7 July, 1921– 6 July, 1923
10 Captain Humphrey T. Walwyn July, 1923 – October, 1923 (later V.Adm)
11 Captain John C. Hodgson 6 July, 1923 – 20 October, 1923
12 Captain Dashwood F. Moir 20 October, 1923 – January, 1925
13 Captain Charles G. Ramsey 15 January, 1925 – January, 1927 (later Adm.)
14 Captain Cyril G. Sedgwick 16 October, 1928 – 21 June, 1930
15 Captain Roderick B. T. Miles 21 June, 1930 - 22 July, 1935
16 Captain Geoffrey J. A. Miles 22 July, 1935 – 25 May, 1937 (later Adm.)
17 Captain Arthur G. Talbot 25 May, 1937 – 7 November, 1939
18 Captain Percy Todd, 7 November, 1939 – 19 May, 1942
Flotilla is re-established November 1944 no Captain (D) till December 1945.
19 Captain William H. Selby December 1945 – 1947
20 Captain Laurence G. Durlacher January 1948-July 1950
21 Captain Peter Dawnay July 1950 – December 1950 Continued as Capt (D) 5DSQ till July 1951
flotilla renamed 3rd Destroyer Squadron.

Composition 1945 to 1951

Included: [8] United Kingdom, Mediterranean Fleet 1945
3rd Destroyer Flotilla

  • HMS Troubridge (Leader)
  • HMS Venus
  • HMS Verulam
  • HMS Virago
  • HMS Volage
  • HMS Brissenden

United Kingdom, Mediterranean Fleet 1946
3rd Destroyer Flotilla

  • HMS Troubridge (Leader)
  • HMS Venus
  • HMS Verulam
  • HMS Virago
  • HMS Volage
  • HMS Brissenden

United Kingdom, Mediterranean Fleet 1947
3rd Destroyer Flotilla

  • HMS Troubridge (Leader)
  • HMS Venus
  • HMS Verulam
  • HMS Virago
  • HMS Volage
  • HMS Brissenden
  • HMS Haydon - (October 1947)
  • HMS Stevenstone -(October 1947)
  • HMS|Talybont - (October 1947)

United Kingdom, Mediterranean Fleet 1948
3rd Destroyer Flotilla

  • HMS Troubridge (Leader)
  • HMS Venus
  • HMS Verulam
  • HMS Virago
  • HMS Volage

United Kingdom, Mediterranean Fleet 1949
3rd Destroyer Flotilla

  • HMS Troubridge (Leader)
  • HMS Venus
  • HMS Verulam
  • HMS Virago
  • HMS Volage - (July 1949)
  • HMS Saintes (Leader) (July 1949)
  • HMS Armada - (July 1949)
  • HMS Gravelines - (July 1949)
  • HMS Vigo - (July 1949)

United Kingdom, Mediterranean Fleet 1950
3rd Destroyer Flotilla

  • HMS Saintes (Leader)
  • HMS Armada
  • HMS Gravelines
  • HMS Vigo

Operational Deployments

Assigned to Dates Notes
Channel Fleet March 1907 to February 1909 as Home Fleet Destroyer Flotilla
Home Fleet, 3rd Division, Nore Division March 1909 to May 1912
Home Fleets, First Fleet May 1912 to July 1914 disbanded
Grand Fleet March 1918 to November 1918 reformed
Atlantic Fleet December 1918 to August 1923
Mediterranean Fleet August 1923 to 1926 temporarily detached to China Station
China Station 1926 to 1927 returns to Med Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet 1928 to October 1939
Home Fleet October 1939 to November 1944 Under R.Adm Destroyer Flotillas, Home Fleet
Mediterranean Fleet November 1944 to December 1950 Captain (D) appointed December 1945

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Watson, Graham (8 August 2015). "From Imperial Policeman to North Sea Battle Fleet: The Evolution of British Naval Deployment 1900–1914". Royal Navy, "Pax Britannica", 1815-1914. www.naval-history.net. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  2. Watson, Graham (8 August 2015). "Organisation of the Royal Navy 1914-1918: 6. List of Squadrons and Flotillas 1914-1918". World War 1 at Sea. www.naval-history.net. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  3. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment, Inter-War Years 1919-1939". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 2 September 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  4. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation in World War 2, 1939-1945". www.naval-history.net. n Smith, 19 September 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  5. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment 1947-2013: FLOTILLAS AND SQUADRONS 1947-1971". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 12 July 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  6. Harley, Simon; Lovell, Tony. "Third Destroyer Flotilla (Royal Navy) - The Dreadnought Project". www.dreadnoughtproject.org. Harley and Lovell, 29 May 2018. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  7. Mackie, Colin. "Royal Navy Senior Appointments from 1865" (PDF). gulabin.com. Colin Mackie, July 2018. pp. 224–226. Retrieved 9 June 2020.
  8. Watson, Dr Graham. "Royal Navy Organisation and Ship Deployment 1947-2013: Fleet Organization 1947 to 1954". www.naval-history.net. Gordon Smith, 12 July 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2018.